Died in 1903

Jan 1 Niko I Dadiani the last ruling prince of the Western Georgian Principality of Megrelia in southeast Europe. After Russia's formal abolition of his principality , he served as a general in the Imperial Russian Army
Jan 3 Alois Hitler an Austrian civil servant and the father of Adolf Hitler.
Jan 4 Sylvester Krnka a Czech gunsmith and inventor, best known for his M1867 Russian Krnka.
Jan 4 Topsy (elephant) a female Asian elephant killed at a Coney Island, New York amusement park by electrocution in January 1903.
Jan 4 Alexandr Aksakov a Russian author, translator, journalist, editor, and psychic researcher.
Jan 4 Gulstan Ropert now the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu, from 1892 to 1903. Born in France at Kerfago, Gildas de Rhuys, Morbihan, in Brittany, he was baptized as François. François Ropert entered the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary at age 20 and took the name Gulstan. He was ordained to the priesthood on May 26, 1866, at the age of 26. He was sent to the Kingdom of Hawai‘i to assist the Vicariate, arriving in Honolulu on June 9, 1868. He was in charge of the Hamakua district on the island of Hawai‘i until October 2, 1883, when he was assigned to the Wailuku mission. He left Wailuku for Honolulu in 1891 having been appointed Vice-Provincial
Jan 4 Pierre Laffitte a French positivist.
Jan 5 Práxedes Mateo Sagasta a Spanish politician who served as Prime Minister on eight occasions between 1870 and 1902—always in charge of the Liberal Party—as part of the turno pacifico, alternating with the Liberal-Conservative leader Antonio Cánovas. A Freemason, he was known for possessing an excellent oratorical talent
Jan 5 Louis Alexander Fagan an Anglo-Italian writer. He worked in the Department of Prints and Drawings for the British Museum from 1869 to 1894
Jan 12 Max Saenger a German obstetrician and gynecologist who was a native of Bayreuth.
Jan 15 Lucido Parocchi an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Secretary of the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office.
Jan 16 Josef Franz Freyn an Austrian civil engineer and botanist.
Jan 17 Ignaz Wechselmann a Hungarian architect and philanthropist.
Jan 28 Robert Planquette a French composer of songs and operettas.
Jan 28 Augusta Holmès a French composer of Irish descent. At first she published under the pseudonym Hermann Zenta. In 1871, Holmès became a French citizen and added the accent to her last name. She herself wrote the lyrics to almost all her songs and oratorios, as well as the libretto of the opera La Montagne Noire
Feb 1 Sir George Stokes 1st Baronet a mathematician, physicist, politician and theologian. Born in Ireland, Stokes spent all of his career at University of Cambridge, where he served as the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics from 1849 until his death in 1903. Stokes made seminal contributions to fluid dynamics , optics, and mathematical physics. He was secretary, then president, of the Royal Society
Feb 9 Edward Byles Cowell a noted translator of Persian poetry and the first professor of Sanskrit at Cambridge University.
Feb 14 Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria Princess of Hungary and Bohemia.
Feb 18 Geltrude Comensoli the Patron of Youth, Val Camonica and Relic Custodians.
Feb 19 Karl von Scherzer an Austrian explorer, diplomat and natural scientist.
Feb 22 Hugo Wolf an Austrian composer of Slovene origin, particularly noted for his art songs, or lieder. He brought to this form a concentrated expressive intensity which was unique in late Romantic music, somewhat related to that of the Second Viennese School in concision but diverging greatly in technique
Feb 26 Richard Jordan Gatling an American inventor best known for his invention of the Gatling gun, the first successful machine gun.
Feb 28 Emily Warren Roebling married to Washington Roebling, a civil engineer who was Chief Engineer during the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge. She is best known for her contribution to the completion of the Brooklyn Bridge after her husband developed caisson disease
Feb 28 William Farrar Smith a Union general in the American Civil War, notable for attracting the extremes of glory and blame. He was praised for his gallantry in the Seven Days Battles and Antietam, but was demoted for insubordination after the disastrous defeat at Fredericksburg. As chief engineer of the Army of the Cumberland, he acquired legendary fame by restoring a supply-line that saved that army from starvation and surrender. Leading the first operation against Petersburg, Smith’s hesitation, possibly illness-related, cost the Union a prime opportunity for a quick end to the war, and he was relieved of command
Mar 2 Gustav Radde a German naturalist and explorer.
Mar 2 Rafael Zaldívar President of El Salvador from 1 May 1876 until 21 June 1885. He studied medicine in Europe and began his career as a physician. In 1860 he was appointed to the Chair of Philosophy and Hygiene at the University of Guatemala. After leaving this post, Zaldívar entered politics and was elected to the House of Representatives, then to the Senate, and finally elected president in 1876
Mar 3 František Ladislav Rieger a Czech politician and publicist made famous for his leadership of the early Czech nationalist movement.
Mar 4 Joseph Henry Shorthouse an English novelist.
Mar 5 Gaston Paris a French writer and scholar. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1901, 1902 and 1903
Mar 5 Eugène-Anatole Demarçay a French chemist. He studied under Jean-Baptiste Dumas. During an experiment, an explosion destroyed the sight in one of his eyes
Mar 7 István Bittó a Hungarian politician who served as Speaker of the House of Representatives of Hungary from September 10, 1872 to March 23, 1874 and as Prime Minister of Hungary from 1874 to 1875.
Mar 8 William B. Franklin a career United States Army officer and a Union Army general in the American Civil War. He rose to the rank of a corps commander in the Army of the Potomac, fighting in several notable early battles in the Eastern Theater
Mar 10 Julius Victor Carus a German zoologist, comparative anatomist and entomologist.
Mar 10 Sophie Gengembre Anderson a French-born British artist who specialised in genre painting of children and women, typically in rural settings. She began her career as a lithographer and painter of portraits, collaborating with Walter Anderson on portraits of American Episcopalian bishops. Her work, Elaine, was the first public collection purchase of a woman artist. Her painting No Walk Today was purchased for more than £1 million
Mar 14 Ernest Legouvé a French dramatist.
Mar 14 Matija Ban a Serbo-Croatian poet, dramatist, and playwright, born in the city of Dubrovnik, who became known as one of the first Catholics from Dubrovnik who expressed a Serb nationality. He settled in Serbia in 1844, and engaged in various diplomatic missions in service of the Principality of Serbia
Mar 16 Roy Bean an eccentric U.S. saloon-keeper and Justice of the Peace in Val Verde County, Texas, who called himself "The Law West of the Pecos". According to legend, Judge Roy Bean held court in his saloon along the Rio Grande on a desolate stretch of the Chihuahuan Desert of southwest Texas. After his death, Western films and books cast him as a hanging judge, though he is known to have sentenced only two men to hang, one of whom escaped
Mar 19 Pista Dankó a Hungarian-born bandleader and composer belonging to the Romani people. He primarily worked in the folk music styles popular in Hungary in the 19th century. He was frequently known by the nickname "Nótafa", a Hungarian word meaning "ballad-singer of folk music"
Mar 20 William P. Wood the first Director of the United States Secret Service. He was the son of James Wood and Margaret Turner
Mar 21 Carlos Ezeta President of El Salvador 22 June 1890 - 9 June 1894. He was a military ruler
Mar 22 Frederic Farrar a cleric of the Church of England , schoolteacher and author.
Mar 24 Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch a Dutch painter of the Hague School. He came from an artistic family, his father he painted in his free time and collected art on a small scale. Among his collection were works by Andreas Schelfhout and Bartholomeus van Hove. His cousin Jan was a well-known painter of romantic city views, and a brother, an uncle, and two cousins worked in the graphic arts. He also gave lessons to his son Willem Johannes, Theophile de Bock and Victor Bauffe
Mar 24 Bogdan Willewalde a Russian artist, academic, emeritus Professor of military art, and a fellow of the Imperial Academy of Arts.
Mar 28 Émile Baudot one of the pioneers of telecommunications. He invented a multiplexed printing telegraph system that used his code and allowed multiple transmissions over a single line. The baud unit was named after him
Mar 29 Gustavus Franklin Swift founded a meat-packing empire in the Midwest during the late 19th century, over which he presided until his death. He is credited with the development of the first practical ice-cooled railroad car, which allowed his company to ship dressed meats to all parts of the country and abroad, ushering in the "era of cheap beef." Swift pioneered the use of animal by-products for the manufacture of soap, glue, fertilizer, various types of sundries, and even medical products
Apr 2 Eustachy Stanisław Sanguszko a Polish noble , conservative politician.
Apr 7 George Chapman (murderer) a Polish serial killer known as the Borough Poisoner. Born Seweryn Antonowicz Kłosowski in Congress Poland, he moved as an adult to England, where he committed his crimes. He was convicted and executed after poisoning three women, but is remembered today mostly because some authorities suspected him of being the notorious serial killer, Jack the Ripper
Apr 10 Heinrich Bellermann a German music theorist. He was the author of Der Contrapunkt , 1862, , and Die Grösse der musikalischen Intervalle als Grundlage der Harmonie , 1873
Apr 11 Ronglu a Manchu statesman and general during the late Qing dynasty. Born into the powerful Guwalgiya clan of the Plain White Banner in the Eight Banners, he was cousin to Empress Dowager Cixi. He served in a number of important positions in the Imperial Court, including the Zongli Yamen and the Grand Council, Grand Scholar, Viceroy of Zhili, Beiyang Minister, Minister of Board of War, Nine Gates Infantry Commander, Wuwei Troop Commander that safeguard the military security of the Forbidden City
Apr 11 Gemma Galgani an Italian mystic, venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church since 1940. She has been called the "Daughter of Passion" because of her profound imitation of the Passion of Christ