1903 events in history

Jan 4 Topsy, an elephant, is electrocuted by the owners of Luna Park, Coney Island. Thomas Edison's movie company filmed the execution
Jan 9 Hallam Tennyson, 2nd Baron Tennyson, son of the poet Alfred Tennyson, becomes the second Governor-General of Australia
Jan 17 El Yunque National Forest in Puerto Rico becomes part of the United States National Forest System as the Luquillo Forest Reserve
Jan 18 President Theodore Roosevelt sends a radio message to King Edward VII: the first transatlantic radio transmission originating in the United States
Feb 11 Anton Bruckner's 9th Symphony receives its first performance in Vienna, Austria
Feb 14 The United States Department of Commerce and Labor is established (later split into the Department of Commerce and the Department of Labor)
Feb 23 Cuba leases Guantánamo Bay to the United States "in perpetuity"
Mar 2 In New York City the Martha Washington Hotel opens, becoming the first hotel exclusively for women
Mar 14 The Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge is established by US President Theodore Roosevelt
Mar 14 The Hay–Herrán Treaty, granting the United States the right to build the Panama Canal, is ratified by the United States Senate. The Colombian Senate would later reject the treaty
Mar 31 Richard Pearse allegedly makes a powered flight in an early aircraft
Apr 19 The Kishinev pogrom in Kishinev (Bessarabia) begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Palestine and the Western world
Apr 29 A 30 million cubic-metre landslide kills 70 in Frank, North-West Territories, Canada
May 22 Launch of the White Star Liner, SS Ionic
May 29 In the May coup d'état, Alexander I, King of Serbia, and Queen Draga, are assassinated in Belgrade by the Black Hand (Crna Ruka) organization
Jun 11 A group of Serbian officers stormed royal palace and assassinated King Alexander Obrenović and his wife queen Draga
Jun 16 Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage, leaving Oslo, Norway
Jun 16 The Ford Motor Company is incorporated
Jul 1 Start of first Tour de France bicycle race
Jul 4 Dorothy Levitt is reported as the first English woman to compete in a 'motor race'
Jul 4 Philippine–American War officially is concluded
Jul 9 Future Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin is exiled to Siberia for three years
Jul 19 Maurice Garin wins the first Tour de France
Jul 20 The Ford Motor Company ships its first car
Jul 21 Battle of Ciudad Bolívar, a victory of federal army of Juan Vicente Gómez over forces of general Nicolás Rolando
Jul 23 The Ford Motor Company sells its first car
Aug 2 Fall of the Ottoman Empire: an unsuccessful uprising led by the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization against Ottoman Turkey, also known as the Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising, takes place
Aug 3 Macedonian rebels in Kruševo proclaim the Kruševo Republic, which exists only for 10 days before Ottoman Turks lay waste to the town
Aug 18 German engineer Karl Jatho allegedly flies his self-made, motored gliding airplane four months before the first flight of the Wright brothers
Aug 29 The Slava, the last of the five Borodino-class battleships, is launched
Sep 11 The first race at the Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin is held. It is the oldest major speedway in the world
Sep 27 Wreck of the Old 97, a train crash made famous by the song of the same name
Sep 30 The new Gresham's School is officially opened by Field Marshal Sir Evelyn Wood
Oct 1 Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series
Oct 5 Sir Samuel Griffith is appointed the first Chief Justice of Australia and Sir Edmund Barton and Richard O'Connor are appointed as foundation justices
Oct 6 The High Court of Australia sits for the first time
Nov 3 With the encouragement of the United States, Panama separates from Colombia
Nov 17 The Russian Social Democratic Labour Party splits into two groups: The Bolsheviks (Russian for "majority") and Mensheviks (Russian for "minority")
Nov 18 The Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty is signed by the United States and Panama, giving the United States exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone
Dec 14 The Wright brothers make their first attempt to fly with the Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
Dec 16 Taj Mahal Palace & Tower hotel in Bombay first opens its doors to the guests
Dec 17 The Wright brothers make the first controlled powered, heavier-than-air flight in the Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
Dec 30 A fire at the Iroquois Theater in Chicago, Illinois kills at least 605