Born in 1904

Jan 1 Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry the fifth President of Pakistan, serving from 1973 until 1978, prior to the martial law led by Chief of Army Staff General Zia-ul-Haq.
Jan 1 Vasilis Avlonitis one of the most famous old-school Greek comedians. He performed in numerous films and stage productions in the mid to late 1900s
Jan 2 Walther Hewel a German diplomat before and during World War II, an early and active member of the Nazi Party, and one of German dictator Adolf Hitler's few personal friends.
Jan 2 Walter Heitler a German physicist who made contributions to quantum electrodynamics and quantum field theory. He brought chemistry under quantum mechanics through his theory of valence bonding
Jan 2 Truus Klapwijk a Dutch diver and freestyle swimmer who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics and in the 1928 Summer Olympics.
Jan 3 Boris Kochno a Russian poet, dancer and librettist.
Jan 5 Miguel Capuccini an Uruguayan footballer who was part of the team that won the first ever World Cup in 1930 for Uruguay, but he did not play any matches in the tournament. He was a club player of Peñarol Montevideo
Jan 5 Walter Diemer an accountant and inventor of bubble gum.
Jan 5 Erika Morini a Jewish Austrian violinist.
Jan 5 Jeane Dixon one of the best-known American astrologers and psychics of the 20th century, due to her syndicated newspaper astrology column, some well-publicized predictions, and a best-selling biography.
Jan 6 Ilya Musin (conductor) a Russian conductor, a prominent teacher and a theorist of conducting.
Jan 7 Victor Oreshnikov a Soviet Russian painter, People's Artist of the USSR, active member of the Soviet Academy of Arts , Stalin Prize winner, rector of Repin Institute of Arts.
Jan 8 Mykola Marchak a Ukrainian and Soviet politician, who was the acting Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of Ukrainian SSR from October 1937 to February 1938.
Jan 8 Lev Zinder Russian linguist in German philology.
Jan 8 Karl Brandt a German physician and Schutzstaffel officer during the Third Reich. Trained in surgery, Brandt joined the Nazi Party in 1932 and became Adolf Hitler's escort physician in August 1934. A member of Hitler's inner circle at the Berghof, he was selected by Philipp Bouhler, the head of Hitler's Chancellery, to administer the Aktion T4 euthanasia program. Brandt was later appointed the Reich Commissioner of Sanitation and Health. Accused of involvement in human experimentation and other war crimes, Brandt was indicted in late-1946 and faced trial before a U.S. military tribunal along with 22 others in United States of America Karl Brandt, et He was convicted, sentenced to death, and later hanged on June 2, 1948
Jan 8 Peter Arno a U.S. cartoonist. He contributed cartoons and 99 covers to The New Yorker from 1925, the magazine's first year, until 1968, the year of his death
Jan 8 Tampa Red an American Chicago blues musician.
Jan 9 Giorgio La Pira an Italian politician who served as mayor of Florence twice. He also served as deputy of the Christian Democratic Party and participated in the assembly that wrote the Constitution of Italy after World War In his public and private life, La Pira was a tireless champion of peace and human rights who worked for the betterment of the poor and disenfranchised
Jan 10 Ray Bolger an American entertainer of vaudeville, stage and screen, and singer and dancer best known for his portrayal of the Scarecrow in The Wizard of Oz.
Jan 12 Modesto Madariaga a Spanish aviation mechanic.
Jan 12 Georgi Karaslavov a Bulgarian writer born in the Debar district of the town of Parvomay in Plovdiv Province. Several of his novels, including Snaha, Tatul, and Selkor, were made into films
Jan 12 Mississippi Fred McDowell an American Hill country blues singer and guitar player.
Jan 13 Richard Addinsell a British composer, best known for film music, primarily his Warsaw Concerto, composed for the 1941 film Dangerous Moonlight.
Jan 13 Nathan Milstein a Russian Empire-born American virtuoso violinist.
Jan 14 Philip Gbeho a Ghanaian musician, composer and teacher. He was best known for his composition of the Ghana National Anthem. He was instrumental in the establishment of the Arts Council of Ghana and was a Director of Music and conductor of the National Symphony Orchestra in Ghana
Jan 14 Babe Siebert a Canadian professional ice hockey left winger and defenceman who played 14 seasons in the National Hockey League for the Montreal Maroons, New York Rangers, Boston Bruins and Montreal Canadiens. He won the 1926 Stanley Cup championship with the Maroons, and was a member of the famous "S Line", and another with the Rangers in 1933
Jan 14 Cecil Beaton an English fashion, portrait and war photographer, diarist, painter, interior designer and an Academy Award-winning stage and costume designer for films and the theatre. He was named to the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame in 1970
Jan 14 Viktor Bely a Russian composer and social activist.
Jan 15 Antonin Magne a French cyclist who won the Tour de France in 1931 and 1934. He raced as a professional from 1927 to 1939 and then became a team manager. The French rider and then journalist, Jean Bobet, described him in Sporting Cyclist as "a most uninterviewable character" and "a man who withdraws into a shell as soon as he meets a journalist." His taciturn character earned him the nickname of The Monk when he was racing
Jan 17 Hem Vejakorn a Thai artist and writer. He is best known for his illustrations for the covers of 10-satang pulp novels, which have in turn influenced subsequent generations of Thai artists and illustrators. It is estimated that he produced more than 50,000 pieces of art, including pen and pencil drawings, watercolors, posters and oil paintings. He portrayed rural life, Thai history and figures from Thai classical literature. His works have been reproduced on Thai postage stamps and featured in art galleries
Jan 18 Cary Grant an English stage and Hollywood film actor who became an American citizen in 1942. Known for his transatlantic accent, debonair demeanor and "dashing good looks", Grant is considered one of classic Hollywood's definitive leading men
Jan 18 Boris Babochkin a well-known Soviet film and theatre actor and director. Boris Babochkin was one of the first internationally recognized stars of the Soviet-Russian cinema. He rose to fame with the title role in the classic film Chapaev and later, in the 1950s, he played a sharp anti-communist character on stage in Moscow, for which he was censored by the Soviet Communist Party
Jan 18 Anthony Galla-Rini considered by many to be the first American accordionist to promote the accordion as a "legitimate" concert instrument.
Jan 21 Puck van Heel a Dutch footballer born in Rotterdam. He earned 64 caps for the Netherlands national football team, and played in the 1934 and 1938 World Cups. During his club career, he played for his home town club of Feyenoord. Normally an inside left and left wing half, Van Heel was a slow player but possessed considerable vision and technical ability and was particularly good passer
Jan 21 Boļeslavs Maikovskis a Latvian Nazi collaborator who served as chief of police for the second precinct of Rēzekne while the Germans occupied Latvia in World War II.
Jan 22 John Milligan (baseball) a pitcher in Major League Baseball who played from 1928 through 1934 for the Philadelphia Phillies and Washington Senators. Listed at 5 ft 10 in , 172 lb., Milligan batted left-handed and threw right-handed. A native of Schuylerville, New York, he attended Cornell University
Jan 22 Leonard Williams (politician) a British politician who was General Secretary of the Labour Party during the 1960s. He was marrie to Margaret Alma S. Wiggins. There were no children of the marriage. Born in Liverpool in 1904, he began working on the steam engines of the railway as a boy, doing the dirty jobs of cleaning out the ashes and the boilers on the engines. He became involved in the union movement after WWI, rising through various positions to attain the position of General Secretary of the British Labour Party. After retiring from that post he was knighted and appointed Governor General of Mauritius in 1968 and served in that capacity until his death. He was also involved in the Scout movement
Jan 22 George Balanchine one of the 20th century's most prolific choreographers. Styled as the father of American ballet, he took the standards and technique from his education at the Imperial Ballet School and fused it with other schools of movement that he had adopted during his tenure as a guest choreographer on Broadway and in Hollywood, creating his signature "neoclassical style". He was invited to America in 1933, by a young arts patron named Lincoln Kirstein who shared Balanchine's attitude regarding the importance of high quality dance training in America and together they founded the School of American Ballet, that has since grown into one of the foremost dance academies in the United States and the world, respectively. Along with Kirstein and Jerome Robbins, he co-founded the New York City Ballet and remained its balletmaster for more than 35 years, alongside Robbins as co-founding choreographer. He was a choreographer known for his musicality; he expressed music with dance and worked extensively with leading composers of his time like Igor Stravinsky
Jan 22 Arkady Gaidar a Soviet writer, whose stories were very popular among Soviet children.
Jan 23 Winnifred Quick one of the last four remaining survivors of the sinking of the RMS Titanic on April 15, 1912.
Jan 23 Harry Rowley an English football player. He played for many clubs during his career, including Manchester City, Manchester United, Shrewsbury Town, Oldham Athletic, and Burton Albion. During his United career, he scored 55 goals in seven seasons
Jan 26 Charles Fraser-Smith widely credited as being the inspiration for Ian Fleming's James Bond quartermaster During World War II, Fraser-Smith worked for the Ministry of Supply, fabricating equipment nicknamed "Q-devices" for SOE agents operating in occupied Europe. Prior to the war, Fraser-Smith had worked as a missionary in North Africa. After the war he purchased a dairy farm in Bratton Fleming, Devon, where he died in 1992
Jan 26 Marcus Nikkanen a Finnish figure skater. He was the 1930 European bronze medalist and the 1933 World bronze medalist. He represented Finland at the 1928 Winter Olympics, at the 1932 Winter Olympics, and the 1936 Winter Olympics. He placed sixth in 1928, fourth in 1932, and seventh in 1936
Jan 26 Ancel Keys an American scientist who studied the influence of diet on health. In particular, he hypothesized that different kinds of dietary fat have different effects on health
Jan 26 Seán MacBride an Irish government minister, a prominent international politician and a former Chief of Staff of the IRA.
Jan 27 Willie McLean (American soccer) a Scottish-born American soccer player. A dominant player through the 1930s and a member of the U.S. national team at the 1934 FIFA World Cup, McLean disappeared without a trace in 1938
Jan 27 James J. Gibson considered one of the most important 20th century psychologists in the field of visual perception. Gibson challenged the idea that the nervous system actively constructs conscious visual perception, and instead promoted ecological psychology, in which the mind directly perceives environmental stimuli without additional cognitive construction or processing
Jan 28 Canuplin a Filipino stage performer and magician who gained fame for his impersonation of Charlie Chaplin in Filipino movies and the local bodabil circuit.
Jan 29 Lidia Zamenhof the youngest daughter of Ludwik Zamenhof, the creator of the international auxiliary language, Esperanto. She was born 29 January 1904 in Warsaw, then in the Russian Partition. She was an active promoter of Esperanto as well as of Homaranismo, a form of religious humanism first defined by her father
Jan 29 Arnold Gehlen an influential conservative German philosopher, sociologist, and anthropologist.