Died in 1904

Jan 1 Frederick Pabst a German-American brewer who founded the Pabst Brewing Company.
Jan 2 Mathilde Bonaparte a French princess and Salon holder. She was a daughter of Napoleon's brother Jérôme Bonaparte and his second wife, Catharina of Württemberg, daughter of King Frederick I of Württemberg
Jan 2 James Longstreet one of the foremost Confederate generals of the American Civil War and the principal subordinate to General Robert Lee, who called him his "Old War Horse." He served under Lee as a corps commander for many of the famous battles fought by the Army of Northern Virginia in the Eastern Theater, but also with Gen. Braxton Bragg in the Army of Tennessee in the Western Theater. Biographer and historian Jeffry Wert wrote that "Longstreet... was the finest corps commander in the Army of Northern Virginia; in fact, he was arguably the best corps commander in the conflict on either side."
Jan 4 Mitrofan Belyayev an Imperial Russian music publisher, outstanding philanthropist, and the owner of a large wood dealership enterprise in Russia. He was also the founder of the Belyayev circle, a society of musicians in Russia whose members included Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Alexander Glazunov and Anatoly Lyadov. His surname is often transliterated as Belaieff or Belayev. In 1886 the important Russian painter Ilya Repin made a portrait of Belyayev
Jan 4 Friedrich Jolly a German neurologist and psychiatrist who was a native of Heidelberg, and the son of physicist Philipp von Jolly.
Jan 5 Karl Alfred von Zittel a German palaeontologist.
Jan 5 George Francis Train an American entrepreneur who organized the clipper ship line that sailed around Cape Horn to San Francisco; he organized the Union Pacific Railroad and the Credit Mobilier in the United States in 1864 to construct the eastern portion of the Transcontinental Railroad, and a horse tramway company in England while there during the American Civil War. In 1870 Train made the first of his three trips around the globe, with the last in 1890
Jan 6 Friedrich von Hefner-Alteneck a German electrical engineer and one of the closest aides of Werner von Siemens. He is largely remembered for the invention of the Hefner lamp, which provided the measure of luminous intensity used in Germany, Austria and Scandinavia from 1890 to 1942. The measure was called the Hefnerkerze. The Hefnerkerze was superseded in the 1940s by the modern SI unit, the candela
Jan 7 Emmanuel Rhoides a Greek writer and journalist. He is considered one of the most illustrious and reviving spirits of the Greek letters of his time
Jan 8 Felix Philipp Kanitz an Austro-Hungarian naturalist, geographer, ethnographer, archaeologist and author of travel notes.
Jan 9 Charles Foster (politician) a U.S. Republican politician from Ohio. Foster was the 35th Governor of Ohio, and later went on to serve as Secretary of the Treasury under Benjamin Harrison
Jan 9 John Brown Gordon one of Robert Lee's most trusted Confederate generals during the American Civil War. After the war, he was a strong opponent of Reconstruction and is thought by some to have been the titular leader of the Ku Klux Klan in Georgia during the late 1860s. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as a U.S. Senator from 1873 to 1880, and again from 1891 to 1897. He also served as the 53rd Governor of Georgia from 1886 to 1890
Jan 9 Konrad Grob a Swiss painter. He was born in Andelfingen in the Canton of Zurich and learned lithography in the 1840s in Winterthur. He travelled to Italy, where he worked in Verona and Naples. He later studied painting at the Academy of Arts in Munich, where he opened his own atelier and where he died in 1904
Jan 10 Jean-Léon Gérôme a French painter and sculptor in the style now known as Academicism. The range of his oeuvre included historical painting, Greek mythology, Orientalism, portraits and other subjects, bringing the Academic painting tradition to an artistic climax. He is considered one of the most important painters from this academic period, and in addition to being a painter, he was also a teacher with a long list of students
Jan 10 Christian August Friedrich Garcke a German botanist who was a native of Bräunrode, Saxony-Anhalt.
Jan 11 William Sawyer (politician) a lumber merchant and political figure in Quebec. He represented Compton in the Legislative Assembly of Quebec from 1871 to 1886 as a Conservative
Jan 15 Niwa Nagakuni a Japanese daimyo of the late Edo period who ruled Nihonmatsu han and was famous for his leadership of the domain during the Boshin War.
Jan 20 Ferdinand Mannlicher an Austrian engineer and small arms designer. Along with James Paris Lee, Mannlicher was particularly noted for inventing the en-bloc clip charger-loading magazine system. Later, while making improvements to other inventors prototype designs for rotary-feed magazines, Mannlicher, together with his protégé Otto Schönauer, patented a perfected rotary magazine design, the Mannlicher-Schönauer, which was a commercial and military success
Jan 22 Laura Vicuña a Chilean holy figure canonized as blessed by the Roman Catholic Church. She is the patron of abuse victims
Jan 24 Frederick I Duke of Anhalt a German prince of the house of Ascania who ruled the Duchy of Anhalt from 1871 to 1904.
Jan 26 Whitaker Wright a company promoter and swindler, who committed suicide at the Royal Courts of Justice in London immediately following his conviction for fraud.
Jan 31 Fedor Jeftichew a famous Russian sideshow performer who was brought to the United States of America by P.T. Barnum
Feb 2 William Collins Whitney an American political leader and financier and founder of the prominent Whitney family. He served as Secretary of the Navy in the first Cleveland administration from 1885 through 1889. A conservative reformer, he was considered a Bourbon Democrat
Feb 3 Boris Chicherin a Russian jurist and political philosopher, who worked out a theory that Russia needed a strong, authoritative government to persevere with liberal reforms. By the time of the Russian Revolution, Chicherin was probably the most reputable legal philosopher and historian in Russia
Feb 5 Émile Duclaux a French microbiologist and chemist born in Aurillac, Cantal.
Feb 6 Utagawa Yoshiiku a Japanese artist of the Utagawa school.
Feb 10 Nestor Genko a scientist in the field of forestry, known for creation of the world's first major watershed protection forest belt system, the Genko Forest Belt, located in the east of Ulyanovsk Oblast. He was also a hero of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78
Feb 10 John A. Roche served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois for the Republican Party. He was elected as 30th mayor, 39th term He was born in Utica New York, and served as an apprentice to his brother for three years. He stayed in business for a long time, and had but a high school education. He was a firm believer in education and mentions this in his inaugural address
Feb 10 Nikolay Mikhaylovsky a Russian literary critic, sociologist, writer on public affairs, and one of the theoreticians of the Narodniki movement.
Feb 11 Vladimir Markovnikov a Russian chemist.
Feb 12 Antonio Labriola an Italian Marxist theoretician. Although an academic philosopher and never an active member of any Marxist political party, his thought exerted influence on many political theorists in Italy during the early 20th century, including the founder of the Italian Liberal Party, Benedetto Croce and the leaders of the Italian Communist Party, Antonio Gramsci and Amadeo Bordiga
Feb 18 Ambroise-Auguste Liébeault considered by many to be the father of modern hypnotherapy.
Feb 19 Fredrik Adam Smitt a Swedish zoologist.
Feb 22 Leslie Stephen an English author, critic and mountaineer, and the father of Virginia Woolf and Vanessa Bell.
Feb 23 Mahendralal Sarkar an allopath-turned-homoeopath doctor, social reformer, and propagator of scientific studies in nineteenth-century India. Along with Father Eugène Lafont he was the founder of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science
Feb 29 Henri Joseph Anastase Perrotin a French astronomer. Some sources give his middle name as Athanase
Mar 1 Francis Boott (composer) an American classical music composer of art songs and works for chorus.
Mar 5 Alfred von Waldersee a German Generalfeldmarschall who served as Chief of the Imperial German General Staff from 1888 to 1891 and as Allied Supreme Commander in China in 1900-1901.
Mar 5 John Lowther du Plat Taylor the founder of the Army Post Office Corps and the Post Office Rifles.
Mar 6 Hans Hermann Behr a German-American doctor, an entomologist and a botanist.
Mar 7 Ferdinand André Fouqué a French geologist and petrologist.
Mar 17 Prince George Duke of Cambridge a member of the British Royal Family, a male-line grandson of King George III, cousin of Queen Victoria, and maternal uncle of Queen Mary, consort of King George The Duke was an army officer by profession and served as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces from 1856 to 1895. He became Duke of Cambridge in 1850 and Field Marshal in 1862. Deeply devoted to the old Army, he worked with the Queen to defeat or minimize every reform proposal, such as setting up a general staff. His Army became a moribund and stagnant institution, lagging far behind France and Germany. Its weaknesses were dramatically revealed by the poor organization at the start of the Second Boer War
Mar 18 Regine Olsen a Danish woman who was engaged to the philosopher and theologian Søren Kierkegaard from September 1840 to October 1841. Regine's relationship with Kierkegaard exerted a crucial influence over his intellectual development, philosophy, and theology, and the legacy of their engagement figures prominently in his writings
Mar 22 Karl Moritz Schumann a German botanist.
Mar 24 Edwin Arnold most known for his work, The Light of Asia.
Mar 26 Ferdinand Pauwels a Belgian history painter who lived and worked in Germany.
Mar 27 Takeo Hirose a career officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy. His selfless sacrifice during the Russo-Japanese War elevated him to the status of a deified national hero
Apr 1 Guy Wetmore Carryl an American humorist and poet.
Apr 1 Otto von Böhtlingk a German Indologist and Sanskrit scholar. His magnum opus was a Sanskrit dictionary
Apr 5 Ernst Leopold 4th Prince of Leiningen a German nobleman.