1904 events in history

Jan 7 The distress signal "CQD" is established only to be replaced two years later by "SOS"
Jan 8 The Blackstone Library is dedicated, marking the beginning of the Chicago Public Library system
Jan 17 Anton Chekhov's The Cherry Orchard receives its premiere performance at the Moscow Art Theatre
Jan 23 Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style
Feb 7 A fire in Baltimore, Maryland destroys over 1,500 buildings in 30 hours
Feb 8 Battle of Port Arthur: A surprise torpedo attack by the Japanese at Port Arthur, China starts the Russo-Japanese War
Feb 9 Russo-Japanese War: Battle of Port Arthur concludes
Feb 17 Madama Butterfly receives its première at La Scala in Milan
Feb 22 The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina, the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908
Mar 3 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's phonograph cylinder
Apr 5 The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England
Apr 8 Longacre Square in Midtown Manhattan is renamed Times Square after The New York Times
Apr 8 The French Third Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland sign the Entente cordiale
Apr 8 British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the first chapter of The Book of the Law
Apr 10 British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the third and final chapter of The Book of the Law
Apr 24 The Lithuanian press ban is lifted after almost 40 years
Apr 27 The Australian Labor Party becomes the first such party to gain national government, under Chris Watson
Apr 30 The Louisiana Purchase Exposition World's Fair opens in St. Louis, Missouri
May 4 The United States begins construction of the Panama Canal
May 4 Charles Stewart Rolls meets Frederick Henry Royce at the Midland Hotel in Manchester, England
May 5 Pitching against the Philadelphia Athletics at the Huntington Avenue Grounds, Cy Young of the Boston Americans throws the first perfect game in the modern era of baseball
May 9 The steam locomotive City of Truro becomes the first steam engine in Europe to exceed 100 mph (160 km/h)
May 10 The Horch & Cir. Motorwagenwerke AG is founded
May 15 Russo-Japanese War: The Russian minelayer Amur lays a minefield about 15 miles off Port Arthur and sinks Japan's battleships Hatsuse, 15,000 tons, with 496 crew and Yashima
May 21 The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) is founded in Paris
Jun 15 A fire aboard the steamboat SS General Slocum in New York City's East River kills 1,000
Jun 16 Irish author James Joyce begins a relationship with Nora Barnacle and subsequently uses the date to set the actions for his novel Ulysses; this date is now traditionally called "Bloomsday"
Jun 16 Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland
Jun 28 The SS Norge runs aground and sinks
Jul 21 Louis Rigolly, a Frenchman, becomes the first man to break the 100 mph (161 km/h) barrier on land. He drove a 15-liter Gobron-Brille in Ostend, Belgium
Jul 31 Russo-Japanese War: Battle of Hsimucheng: Units of the Imperial Japanese Army defeat units of the Imperial Russian Army in a strategic confrontation
Aug 10 Russo-Japanese War: the Battle of the Yellow Sea between the Russian and Japanese battleship fleets takes place
Aug 23 The automobile tire chain is patented
Oct 8 Edmonton, Alberta is incorporated as a city
Oct 15 The Russian Baltic Fleet leaves Reval, Estonia for Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War
Oct 19 Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley
Oct 20 Chile and Bolivia sign the Treaty of Peace and Friendship, delimiting the border between the two countries
Oct 27 The first underground New York City Subway line opens; the system becomes the biggest in United States, and one of the biggest in world
Oct 28 Panama and Uruguay establish diplomatic links
Nov 16 English engineer John Ambrose Fleming receives a patent for the thermionic valve (vacuum tube)
Nov 18 General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup
Dec 3 The Jovian moon Himalia is discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine at California's Lick Observatory
Dec 6 Theodore Roosevelt articulated his "Corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the U.S. would intervene in the Western Hemisphere should Latin American governments prove incapable or unstable