1905 in history

1905 events chronologically

Jan 2 Russo-Japanese War: The Russian garrison surrenders at Port Arthur, China
Jan 22 Bloody Sunday in Saint Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution
Jan 26 The world's largest diamond ever, the Cullinan weighing 3,106.75 carats (0.621350 kg), is found at the Premier Mine near Pretoria in South Africa
Feb 23 Chicago, Illinois attorney Paul Harris and three other businessmen meet for lunch to form the Rotary Club, the world's first service club
Mar 3 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to create an elected assembly, the Duma
Mar 23 Eleftherios Venizelos calls for Crete's union with Greece, and begins what is to be known as the Theriso revolt
Apr 4 In India, an earthquake hits the Kangra Valley, killing 20,000, and destroying most buildings in Kangra, Mcleodganj and Dharamshala

Top 7 most famous people born in 1905

Feb 2 Ayn Rand a Russian-American novelist, philosopher, playwright, and screenwriter. She is known for her two best-selling novels, The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged, and for developing a philosophical system she called Objectivism. Born and educated in Russia, Rand moved to the United States in 1926. She had a play produced on Broadway in 1935–1936. After two early novels that were initially unsuccessful in America, she achieved fame with her 1943 novel, The Fountainhead
Mar 23 Joan Crawford a noted, Oscar-winning American film and television actress who started as a dancer and stage chorine.
May 16 Henry Fonda an American film and stage actor.
Jun 21 Jean-Paul Sartre a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism
Jul 29 Dag Hammarskjöld a Swedish diplomat, economist, and author. The second Secretary-General of the United Nations, he served from April 1953 until his death in a plane crash in September 1961. At the age of 700147000000000000047 years, 7002255000000000000255 days, Hammarskjöld is the youngest to have held the post. He is one of just three people to be awarded a posthumous Nobel Prize. Hammarskjöld is the only U.N. Secretary-General to die in office; his death occurred en route to cease-fire negotiations. American President John Kennedy called Hammarskjöld "the greatest statesman of our century"
Sep 18 Greta Garbo a Swedish film actress and an international star and icon during Hollywood's silent and classic periods. Garbo was nominated three times for the Academy Award for Best Actress and received an honorary one in 1954 for her "luminous and unforgettable screen performances." She also won the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress for both Anna Karenina and Camille. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Garbo fifth on their list of greatest female stars of all time, after Katharine Hepburn, Bette Davis, Audrey Hepburn, and Ingrid Bergman
Dec 24 Howard Hughes an American business tycoon, investor, aviator, aerospace engineer, inventor, filmmaker and philanthropist. During his lifetime, he was one of the wealthiest people in the world. As a maverick film tycoon, Hughes gained prominence in Hollywood from the late 1920s, making big-budget and often controversial films like The Racket , Hell's Angels , Scarface , and The Outlaw

Top 7 most famous people died in 1905

Jan 14 Ernst Abbe a German physicist, optical scientist, entrepreneur, and social reformer. Together with Otto Schott and Carl Zeiss, he laid the foundation of modern optics. Abbe developed numerous optical instruments. He was a co-owner of Carl Zeiss AG, a German manufacturer of research microscopes, astronomical telescopes, planetariums and other optical systems
Feb 15 Lew Wallace an American lawyer, Union general in the American Civil War, governor of the New Mexico Territory, politician, diplomat, and author from Indiana. Among his novels and biographies, Wallace is best known for his historical adventure story, Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ , a bestselling novel that has been called "the most influential Christian book of the nineteenth century."
Feb 27 George S. Boutwell an American statesman who served as Secretary of the Treasury under President Ulysses Grant, the 20th Governor of Massachusetts, a Senator and Representative from Massachusetts and the first Commissioner of Internal Revenue under President Abraham Lincoln.
Mar 24 Jules Verne a French novelist, poet, and playwright best known for his adventure novels and his profound influence on the literary genre of science fiction.
Jul 1 John Hay an American statesman and official whose career in government stretched almost half a century. Beginning as a private secretary and assistant to Abraham Lincoln, Hay's highest office was United States Secretary of State under Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt. Hay was also an author and biographer, and wrote poetry and other literature throughout much of his life
Aug 19 William-Adolphe Bouguereau a French academic painter and traditionalist. In his realistic genre paintings he used mythological themes, making modern interpretations of classical subjects, with an emphasis on the female human body. During his life he enjoyed significant popularity in France and the United States, was given numerous official honors, and received top prices for his work. As the quintessential salon painter of his generation, he was reviled by the Impressionist avant-garde. By the early twentieth century, Bouguereau and his art fell out of favor with the public, due in part to changing tastes. In the 1980s, a revival of interest in figure painting led to a rediscovery of Bouguereau and his work. Throughout the course of his life, Bouguereau executed 822 known finished paintings, although the whereabouts of many are still unknown
Sep 18 George MacDonald a Scottish author, poet, and Christian minister. He was a pioneering figure in the field of fantasy literature and the mentor of fellow writer Lewis Carroll. His writings have been cited as a major literary influence by many notable authors including H. Auden, S. Lewis, R. Tolkien, Walter de la Mare, Nesbit and Madeleine L'Engle. S. Lewis wrote that he regarded MacDonald as his "master": "Picking up a copy of Phantastes one day at a train-station bookstall, I began to read. A few hours later," said Lewis, "I knew that I had crossed a great frontier." K. Chesterton cited The Princess and the Goblin as a book that had "made a difference to my whole existence"