Born in 1905

Jan 1 Malek Bennabi an Algerian writer and philosopher, who wrote about human society, particularly Muslim society with a focus on the reasons behind the fall of muslim civilization. He is mostly known for the concept of coloniability which is the inner aptitude of some societies to be colonized. The fall of the Almohad dynasty that ruled North Africa and Muslim Spain marked a new devastating trend of undermining ideas. The lack of new ideas concurrently spurned the death of new civilizations. According to Malik Bennabi, with this, emerged what he coined civilizational bankruptcy
Jan 1 Rodolfo Orlandini an Argentine football midfielder who played for the Argentina national team between 1927 and 1930.
Jan 1 Jiro Yoshihara a Japanese painter. In 1954, along with Shōzō Shimamoto, he co-founded the avant-garde Gutai group in Osaka. He was a businessman and scion of a family that owned a cooking-oil company, along with a group of young, Hanshin-region artists. Yoshihara had taught Western-style painting before becoming Gutai’s leader. Yoshihara wrote the "Gutai Manifesto" in 1956 and was the leader of the so named group of internationally acclaimed avant-garde artists representative of Japan's post-war art world. He worked in surrealist and abstract expressionist painting styles before turning, in his final years, to the repeated depiction of circles reminiscent of "satori," the enlightenment of Zen. This white circle was made by leaving the canvas unpainted while painting the background black. When asked about his circles, Yoshihara said that he could not manage to paint even one circle with satisfaction, an indication of the depths of his pursuit of this form. Indeed, no two of his circles are shaped exactly alike. He was the leader of the Gutai Group until his death in 1972
Jan 1 Roberto Gayón a Mexican football forward who made two appearances for the Mexican national team at the 1930 FIFA World Cup.
Jan 1 Stanisław Mazur a Polish mathematician and a member of the Polish Academy of Sciences.
Jan 2 Jainendra Kumar an influential Hindi writer of 20th century. He explored the human psyche in novels such as Sunita and Tyagapatra
Jan 2 Michael Tippett an English composer who rose to prominence during and immediately after the Second World War. In his lifetime he was considered to rank with his contemporary Benjamin Britten as one of the leading British composers of the 20th century. Among his best-known works are the oratorio A Child of Our Time, the orchestral Fantasia Concertante on a Theme of Corelli, and the opera The Midsummer Marriage
Jan 2 Veli Merikoski a professor in the University of Helsinki and once the Minister for Foreign Affairs representing People's Party.
Jan 2 Ljubo Benčić a Croatian and Yugoslav football player.
Jan 2 Lev Schnirelmann a Soviet mathematician who sought to prove Goldbach's conjecture. In 1930, using the Brun sieve, he proved that any natural number greater than 1 can be written as the sum of not more than C prime numbers, where C is an effectively computable constant
Jan 2 Luigi Zampa an Italian film-maker.
Jan 3 Anna May Wong the first Chinese American movie star, and the first Asian American actress to gain international recognition. Her long and varied career spanned both silent and sound film, television, stage and radio
Jan 4 Sterling Holloway an American actor who appeared in over 100 films and 40 television shows. He was also a voice actor for The Walt Disney Company, well known for his distinctive tenor voice and is perhaps best remembered as the original voice of Stork in Dumbo, Adult Flower in Bambi, Cheshire Cat in Alice in Wonderland, the eponymous character in Winnie the Pooh, Kaa in The Jungle Book and Roquefort in The Aristocats
Jan 4 Tommy McClennan an American Delta blues singer and guitarist.
Jan 4 Tore Keller a Swedish football striker.
Jan 4 László Papp (wrestler) a Hungarian wrestler who competed in the 1928 Summer Olympics.
Jan 5 Hannah Lamdan a Bessarabian-born Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for several left-wing parties between 1949 and 1965.
Jan 5 G.R. Aldo an Italian cinematographer.
Jan 6 Idris Davies a Welsh poet. Born in Rhymney, near Caerphilly in South Wales, Davies was the Welsh-speaking son of colliery chief winderman Evan Davies and his wife Elizabeth Ann. Davies became a poet, originally writing in Welsh, but later writing exclusively in English. He was the only poet to cover significant events of the early 20th century in the South Wales Valleys and the South Wales coalfield, and from a perspective literally at the coalface
Jan 6 Eric Frank Russell a British author best known for his science fiction novels and short stories. Much of his work was first published in the United States, in John Campbell's Astounding Science Fiction and other pulp magazines. Russell also wrote horror fiction for Weird Tales and non-fiction articles on Fortean topics. To 1955 several of his stories were published under pseudonyms, at least Duncan Munro and Niall Wilde
Jan 6 Kazys Boruta a Lithuanian writer and poet.
Jan 8 Carl Gustav Hempel a German writer and philosopher. He was a major figure in logical empiricism, a 20th-century movement in the philosophy of science. He is especially well known for his articulation of the deductive-nomological model of scientific explanation, which was considered the "standard model" of scientific explanation during the 1950s and 1960s. He is also known for the raven paradox which highlights the problem of induction
Jan 8 Clarice Benini an Italian chess master.
Jan 8 Giacinto Scelsi an Italian composer who also wrote surrealist poetry in French.
Jan 9 Zinken Hopp a Norwegian author, nonsense poet and playwright.
Jan 10 Émile Chambon a Swiss painter and illustrator.
Jan 10 Albert Arlen a Turkish Australian pianist, composer, actor and playwright. He is best known for his musical The Sentimental Bloke , the "Alamein Concerto", and his setting of Banjo Paterson's Clancy of the Overflow
Jan 11 Dorothy Hale an American socialite and aspiring actress who killed herself by jumping off a building in New York City. Hale was considered a remarkably beautiful woman with less remarkable talents who was introduced to high society and luxury living. Her husband's death, followed by several unsuccessful relationships, left her financially dependent on her wealthy friends. She committed suicide in October 1938. The artist Frida Kahlo created a famous painting based on her death, titled The Suicide of Dorothy Hale
Jan 11 Clyde Kluckhohn an American anthropologist and social theorist, best known for his long-term ethnographic work among the Navajo and his contributions to the development of theory of culture within American anthropology.
Jan 12 James Bennett Griffin an American archaeologist. He is regarded as one of the most influential archaeologists in North America in the 20th century
Jan 12 Tex Ritter an American country music singer and movie actor popular from the mid-1930s into the 1960s, and the patriarch of the Ritter family in acting. He is a member of the Country Music Hall of Fame
Jan 13 Kay Francis an American stage and film actress. After a brief period on Broadway in the late nineteen-twenties, she moved to film and achieved her greatest success between 1930 and 1936, when she was the number one female star at the Warner Brothers studio, and the highest-paid American film actress. Some of her film-related material and personal papers are available to scholars and researchers in the Wesleyan University Cinema Archives
Jan 14 Takeo Fukuda a Japanese politician and the 67th Prime Minister of Japan from 24 December 1976 to 7 December 1978.
Jan 14 Arturo Coddou a Chilean football midfielder.
Jan 14 Sven Rydell a Swedish football player, the all-time leading scorer for the Swedish national team until September 4, 2014 when Zlatan Ibrahimović scored his 50th goal in national football team.
Jan 14 Emily Hahn an American journalist and author. Called "a forgotten American literary treasure" by The New Yorker magazine, she was the author of 52 books and more than 180 articles and stories. Her writings in the 20th century played a significant role in opening up Asia to the west
Jan 15 Lev Arnshtam a Soviet film director and screenwriter. He directed nine films between 1936 and 1967
Jan 15 Kamatari Fujiwara a Japanese actor.
Jan 15 Torin Thatcher an English actor born in Bombay, British India, to English parents. He was an imposing, powerfully built figure noted for his flashy portrayals of screen villains
Jan 16 Ernesto Halffter a Spanish composer and conductor. He was the brother of Rodolfo Halffter
Jan 17 Eduard Oja an Estonian composer, conductor, music teacher and critic. His father was a forest warden. Between 1919-1925 he studied at Tartu Teacher's College at Tartu University, where he met Eduard Tubin, and he also worked for some time as a school teacher. He was not a particularly prolific composer, composing mainly orchestral and ensemble works and choral music. He was however much appreciated during his lifetime, and received awards and acclaim for several of his works. He also worked as a conductor, leading the Tartu Women's Singing Society’s Women's Choir between 1930 and 1934, as well as a teacher of music theory at Tartu Higher School of Music. In addition, he was himself a practising violinist. A number of his works such as the opera Oath Redeemed and the choral work The Return Home have been lost, although the majority of his work has survived, and is valued in museums in Estonia today. The Eduard Tubin Museum of Alatskivi Castle contains exhibits related to him and his fellow students under Heino Eller, known as the "Tartu school", such as Eduard Tubin, Alfred Karindi, Olav Roots and Karl Leichter
Jan 17 Peggy Gilbert an American jazz saxophonist and bandleader. She was born in Sioux City, Iowa. Peggy Gilbert earned renown as a female jazz musician, with a career that lasted more than 80 years. When she was only 7 years old, she played piano and violin with her father's music band; she later discovered jazz music, and started to play the saxophone. After high school, she performed in local theatres and resorts, and became a pioneer performer on both radio and television. In 1928 she moved to Hollywood, where she appeared in early movies and toured with Fanchon and Marco vaudeville shows. In 1933 she founded her own all-female jazz band , in which she also performed on saxophone, vibes, piano, and vocals. In the 1930s and 1940s Peggy Gilbert and her band performed in the most famous nightclubs in Hollywood, from the "Cotton Club" to the "Cocoanut Grove." At one of these clubs, Peggy met and fell in love with Kay Boley, a vaudevillian and contortionist who was also performing. During this period, she also appeared in films, toured Alaska with a USO troupe, and began to be an advocate for women musicians. After a difficult period following the Second World War, in the 1950s Gilbert had success on radio and television programs. In 1974, at 69 years old, she created her last great all-girl band, "The Dixie Belles," with other accomplished musicians from vaudeville and the Big Band era. The group performed with great acclaim on TV and at jazz festivals, appearing on "The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson" and in the 1980 Rose Bowl Parade, among many other engagements. In 1985 the band recorded the album "Peggy Gilbert & The Dixie Belles," which is available on Peggy Gilbert lived until the age of 102 and died in Burbank, California
Jan 17 Saeb Salam a Lebanese politician, who served as Prime Minister six times between 1952 and 1973. Following his death, the Lebanese daily As-Safir described Salam as "most successful in dealing with the media and in presenting a particular image of himself to people on a daily basis through wearing his customary carnation... and expounding unforgettable slogans," and that he was Lebanon's most popular prime minister after independence leader Riad Al Solh. A significant aspect of Salam was that unlike other Lebanese leaders, Salam did not act as a chief over a particular area in the country, but instead fiercely advocated the unity of Lebanon
Jan 17 Ray Cunningham an American third baseman in Major League Baseball who played for the Louis Cardinals in 1931 and 1932. He batted and threw right-handed. A native of Mesquite, Texas, Cunningham played briefly for the Cardinals at third base before an injury cut short his career. He injured himself, whipping a sidearm throw to first base on a swinging bunt
Jan 17 Jan Zahradníček a Czech poet of the early and mid-20th century. Because of his writings and Catholic orientation he was imprisoned as an enemy of Communists after their coup in 1948
Jan 17 Guillermo Stábile an Argentine footballer and manager. At club level, Stábile won two national championships with Huracán and played in Italy and France. He was the top-scorer of the first 1930 World Cup. As manager, he led Argentina to victory at six South American Championships and the suburban Buenos Aires side Racing Club to three league titles
Jan 18 Louis Cools-Lartigue a Dominican politician.
Jan 18 Enrique Ballestrero a goalkeeper for Uruguay who was a member of the champion squad at the 1930 FIFA World Cup. He played in all four matches of the tournament, including the final win against Argentina. "Quique" Ballestrero played for the Rampla Juniors
Jan 18 Joseph Bonanno a Sicilian-born American mafioso who became the boss of the Bonanno crime family.
Jan 19 Stanley Hawes a British-born documentary film producer and director who spent most of his career in Australia, though he commenced his career in England and Canada. He was born in London, England and died in Sydney, Australia. He is best known as the Producer-in-Chief of the Australian Government's filmmaking body, which was named, in 1945, the Australian National Film Board, and then, in 1956, the Commonwealth Film Unit. In 1973, after he retired, it became Film Australia