Died in 1905

Jan 1 Benoît-Marie Langénieux a French Archbishop of Reims and Cardinal.
Jan 3 Anton Braith a German landscape and animal painter. He was also a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts Munich
Jan 4 Theodore Thomas (conductor) an American violinist and conductor of German birth. He is considered the first renowned American orchestral conductor and was the founder and first music director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Jan 4 Nathaniel McLean a lawyer, farmer, and Union general during the American Civil War.
Jan 4 Paul Henry and Prosper Henry Paul-Pierre Henry and his brother Prosper-Mathieu Henry were French opticians and astronomers.
Jan 5 Rudolf Koller a Swiss painter. He is associated with a realist and classicist style, and also with the essentially romantic Düsseldorf school of painting. Koller's style is similar to that of the realist painters Gustave Courbet and Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot. Considered Switzerland's finest animal painter, Koller is rated alongside George Stubbs, Rosa Bonheur and Théodore Géricault. While his reputation was based on his paintings of animals, he was a sensitive and innovative artist whose well-composed works in the "plein air" tradition, including Swiss mountain landscapes, are just as finely executed
Jan 5 William Claflin an industrialist and philanthropist who served as the 27th Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts from 1869–1872 and as a member of the United States Congress from 1877–1881.
Jan 6 José María Gabriel y Galán a Spanish poet in Castilian and Extremaduran.
Jan 6 George Van Cleaf an American water polo player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 7 Paul Cérésole a Swiss politician, judge of the Supreme Court and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
Jan 9 Louise Michel a French anarchist, school teacher and medical worker. She often used the pseudonym Clémence and was also known as the red virgin of Montmartre. Journalist Brian Doherty has called her the "French grande dame of anarchy."
Jan 10 Kārlis Baumanis an ethnic Latvian composer in the Russian Empire. He is the author of the lyrics and music of Dievs, svētī Latviju! , the national anthem of Latvia
Jan 12 James Mason (chess player) an Irish-born chess player, journalist and writer, who became one of the world's best half dozen players in the 1880s.
Jan 13 George Thorn a Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly and a Premier of Queensland, Australia.
Jan 14 Ernst Abbe a German physicist, optical scientist, entrepreneur, and social reformer. Together with Otto Schott and Carl Zeiss, he laid the foundation of modern optics. Abbe developed numerous optical instruments. He was a co-owner of Carl Zeiss AG, a German manufacturer of research microscopes, astronomical telescopes, planetariums and other optical systems
Jan 17 Princess Caroline Reuss of Greiz the first wife of Wilhelm Ernst, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Jan 18 James Blair (VC) a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Jan 19 Debendranath Tagore a Hindu philosopher and religious reformer, active in the Brahmo Samaj , which aimed to reform the Hindu religion and way of life. He was one of the founders in 1848 of the Brahmo religion, which today is synonymous with Brahmoism
Jan 20 Gyula Szapáry a Hungarian politician who served as Prime Minister of Hungary from 1890 to 1892.
Jan 23 Rudolf Siemering a German sculptor known for his works in Germany and the United States.
Jan 29 Hermann Landois a German zoologist. He was the brother of physiologist Leonard Landois
Jan 31 Soejima Taneomi a diplomat and statesman during early Meiji period Japan.
Feb 1 Oswald Achenbach a German painter associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting. Though little known today, during his lifetime he was counted among the most important landscape painters of Europe. Through his teaching activities, he influenced the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf. His brother, Andreas Achenbach, who was twelve years older, was also among the most important German landscape painters of the 19th century. The two brothers were humorously called "the A and O of Landscapes"
Feb 2 Adolf Bastian a 19th-century polymath best remembered for his contributions to the development of ethnography and the development of anthropology as a discipline. Modern psychology owes him a great debt, because of his theory of the Elementargedanke, which led to Carl Jung's development of the theory of archetypes. His ideas had a formative influence on the "father of American anthropology" Franz Boas, and he also influenced the thought of comparative mythologist Joseph Campbell
Feb 2 Paul Sutermeister a Swiss theologian, pastor and contributing editor of the Berner Tagblatt.
Feb 4 Louis-Ernest Barrias a French sculptor of the Beaux-Arts school.
Feb 9 Adolph Menzel a German artist noted for drawings, etchings, and paintings. Along with Caspar David Friedrich, he is considered one of the two most prominent German artists of the 19th century, and was the most successful artist of his era in Germany
Feb 9 Frederick Octavius Pickard-Cambridge an English arachnologist. He is sometimes confused with his uncle, Octavius Pickard-Cambridge , who was also an arachnologist and from whom O. Pickard-Cambridge picked up his enthusiasm for the study of spiders
Feb 10 Ignacy Krzyżanowski a Polish composer.
Feb 11 Otto Erich Hartleben a German poet and dramatist from Clausthal, known for his translation of Pierrot Lunaire.
Feb 12 Edward Dannreuther a German pianist and writer on music, resident from 1863 in England. His father had crossed the Atlantic, moving to Cincinnati, and there established a piano manufacturing business. Young Edward, under pressure from his father to enter banking as a career, a prospect he found uncongenial, escaped to Leipzig in 1859
Feb 13 Konstantin Savitsky a Russian realist painter born in the city of Taganrog in the village Frankovka or Baronovka, named after former governor Otto Pfeilizer-Frank. Today this area is occupied by the Taganrog Iron and Steel Factory TAGMET
Feb 14 Max Erdmannsdörfer a German conductor, pianist and composer.
Feb 15 Lew Wallace an American lawyer, Union general in the American Civil War, governor of the New Mexico Territory, politician, diplomat, and author from Indiana. Among his novels and biographies, Wallace is best known for his historical adventure story, Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ , a bestselling novel that has been called "the most influential Christian book of the nineteenth century."
Feb 16 Jay Cooke an American financier who helped finance the Union war effort during the American Civil War and the postwar development of railroads in the northwestern United States. He is generally acknowledged as the first major investment banker in the United States and creator of the first wire house firm
Feb 17 Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia a son of Emperor Alexander II of Russia. He was an influential figure during the reigns of his brother Emperor Alexander III of Russia and his nephew Emperor Nicholas II, who was also his brother in law through Sergei's marriage to Elizabeth the sister of Tsarina Alexandra
Feb 17 William Bickerton a leader in the Latter Day Saint movement after the 1844 succession crisis. In 1862, Bickerton became the founding president of the church now known as The Church of Jesus Christ , which is one of many churches that claim to be a continuation of the Church of Christ founded by Joseph Smith, in 1830
Feb 20 Henri Louis Frédéric de Saussure a Swiss mineralogist and entomologist specialising in studies of Hymenoptera and Orthoptera. He also was a prolific taxonomist
Feb 26 Marcel Schwob a Jewish French symbolist writer best known for his short stories and his literary influence on authors such as Jorge Luis Borges and Roberto Bolaño. He has been called a "surrealist precursor". In addition to over a hundred short stories, he wrote journalistic articles, essays, biographies, literary reviews and analysis, translations and plays. He was extremely well known and respected during his life and notably befriended a great numbers of intellectuals and artists of the time
Feb 27 George S. Boutwell an American statesman who served as Secretary of the Treasury under President Ulysses Grant, the 20th Governor of Massachusetts, a Senator and Representative from Massachusetts and the first Commissioner of Internal Revenue under President Abraham Lincoln.
Feb 28 Clément Juglar a French doctor and statistician.
Mar 1 Jean-Baptiste Claude Eugène Guillaume a French sculptor.
Mar 6 Makar Yekmalyan an Armenian composer.
Mar 6 John Henninger Reagan an American politician from the U.S. state of Texas. A Democrat, Reagan resigned from the U.S. House of Representatives when Texas seceded from the Union and joined the Confederate States of America. He served in the cabinet of Jefferson Davis as Postmaster General. After the Confederate defeat, he called for cooperation with the federal government and thus became unpopular, but returned to public office when his predictions of harsh treatment for resistance were proved correct
Mar 8 Gabriel Thomas a French sculptor, born in Paris.
Mar 9 Nikolai Anderson a Baltic German philologist who specialized in comparative linguistics of Finno-Ugric languages.
Mar 12 Rudolf von Alt an Austrian landscape and architectural painter. Born as Rudolf Alt, he could call himself von Alt and bear the title of a Ritter after he gained nobility in 1889
Mar 14 Fyodor Petrovich Komissarzhevsky a Russian opera singer and teacher of voice and stagecraft. A leading tenor at the Mariinsky Theatre in Petersburg, he created many roles in Russian operas, including the Pretender in Mussorgsky's Boris Godunov and the title role in Tchaikovsky's Vakula the Smith. He had a voice described in the Grove Book of Opera Singers as small but with a "velvety timbre" and as a singer was known for not only for his clear diction and beautiful phrasing but also for his skill as an actor. He was the father of the actress Vera Komissarzhevskaya and the director Theodore Komisarjevsky
Mar 15 Meyer Guggenheim the patriarch of what became known as the Guggenheim family.
Mar 15 Amalie Skram a Norwegian author and feminist who gave voice to a woman's point of view with her naturalist writing. She moved to Denmark in 1894 where she settled in Copenhagen with her husband, the Danish writer Erik Skram. She is considered the most important female writer of the Modern Breakthrough