1905 events in history

Jan 2 Russo-Japanese War: The Russian garrison surrenders at Port Arthur, China
Jan 22 Bloody Sunday in Saint Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution
Jan 26 The world's largest diamond ever, the Cullinan weighing 3,106.75 carats (0.621350 kg), is found at the Premier Mine near Pretoria in South Africa
Feb 23 Chicago, Illinois attorney Paul Harris and three other businessmen meet for lunch to form the Rotary Club, the world's first service club
Mar 3 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to create an elected assembly, the Duma
Mar 23 Eleftherios Venizelos calls for Crete's union with Greece, and begins what is to be known as the Theriso revolt
Apr 4 In India, an earthquake hits the Kangra Valley, killing 20,000, and destroying most buildings in Kangra, Mcleodganj and Dharamshala
Apr 17 The Supreme Court of the United States decides Lochner v. New York, which holds that the "right to free contract" is implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution
May 5 The trial in the Stratton Brothers case begins in London, England; it marks the first time that fingerprint evidence is used to gain a conviction for murder
May 15 Las Vegas, is founded when 110 acres (0.45 km2), in what later would become downtown, are auctioned off
May 27 Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Tsushima begins
May 28 Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Tsushima ends with the destruction of the Russian Baltic Fleet by Admiral Tōgō Heihachirō and the Imperial Japanese Navy
Jun 7 Norway's parliament dissolves its union with Sweden. The vote was confirmed by a national plebiscite on August 13 of that year
Jun 15 Princess Margaret of Connaught marries Gustaf, Crown Prince of Sweden
Jun 27 Battleship Potemkin uprising: sailors start a mutiny aboard the battleship Potemkin, denouncing the crimes of autocracy, demanding liberty and an end to war
Jun 30 Albert Einstein publishes the article On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies, in which he introduces special relativity
Jul 13 The verdict in the six-month long Smarthavicharam trial of Kuriyedath Thathri is pronounced, leading to the excommunication of 65 men of various castes
Aug 10 Russo-Japanese War: peace negotiations begin in Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Sep 1 Alberta and Saskatchewan join the Canadian confederation
Sep 5 Russo-Japanese War: In New Hampshire, United States, the Treaty of Portsmouth, mediated by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, ends the war
Sep 23 Norway and Sweden sign the "Karlstad treaty", peacefully dissolving the Union between the two countries
Sep 27 The physics journal Annalen der Physik received Albert Einstein's paper "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", introducing the equation E=mc²
Oct 1 František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to the piano composition 1. X. 1905
Oct 5 Wilbur Wright pilots Wright Flyer III in a flight of 24 miles in 39 minutes, a world record that stood until 1908
Oct 16 The Partition of Bengal in India takes place
Oct 17 The October Manifesto issued by Tsar Nicholas II of Russia
Oct 26 Sweden accepted the independence of Norway
Oct 30 Czar Nicholas II of Russia grants Russia's first constitution, creating a legislative assembly
Nov 12 Norway holds a referendum in favor of monarchy over republic
Nov 18 Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway
Nov 21 Albert Einstein's paper, "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", is published in the journal Annalen der Physik. This paper reveals the relationship between energy and mass. This leads to the mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc²
Nov 25 Prince Carl of Denmark arrives in Norway to become King Haakon VII of Norway
Nov 28 Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith founds Sinn Féin as a political party with the main aim of establishing a dual monarchy in Ireland
Dec 9 In France, the law separating church and state is passed
Dec 11 A workers' uprising occurs in Kiev, Ukraine (then part of the Russian Empire), and establishes the Shuliavka Republic
Dec 15 The Pushkin House is established in Saint Petersburg, Russia, to preserve the cultural heritage of Alexander Pushkin
Dec 30 Former Idaho Governor Frank Steunenberg is assassinated at the front gate of his home in Caldwell