Born in 1906

Jan 1 René Fernández a Bolivian football Forward.
Jan 1 Giovanni D'Anzi an Italian songwriter.
Jan 3 Nicholas J. Hoff an award-winning engineer specializing in aeronautics and astronautics, which he taught at Stanford University.
Jan 3 Alexey Stakhanov a miner in the Soviet Union, Hero of Socialist Labor , and a member of the CPSU. He became a celebrity in 1935 as part of a movement that was intended to increase worker productivity and demonstrate the superiority of the socialist economic system
Jan 3 Óscar Domínguez a Spanish surrealist painter. Born in San Cristóbal de La Laguna on the island of Tenerife, on the Canary Islands Spain, Domínguez spent his youth with his grandmother in Tacoronte and devoted himself to painting at a young age after suffering a serious illness which affected his growth and caused a progressive deformation of his facial bone frame and limbs
Jan 3 Roman Brandstaetter an award-winning Polish-Jewish writer, poet, playwright, journalist and translator.
Jan 3 William Wilson Morgan an American astronomer and astrophysicist. The principal theme in Morgan's work was stellar and galaxy classification. He is also known for helping prove the existence of spiral arms in our galaxy. In addition to his scientific achievements he served as a professor and as astronomy director for University of Chicago, and was the managing editor for George Hale's Astrophysical Journal
Jan 4 Walter Reuter a Mexican photojournalist of German origin. Reuter arrived to Mexico in 1942, after fleeing the rise of the Nazis in Germany, and the defeat of the Republicans in Spain. Having started his career in Europe, he introduced modern photojournalism techniques into Mexico and is best known for his work documenting twenty ethnicities of Mexico’s indigenous people. In 1986, the Museo de Arte Moderno held a retrospective of his work and he was a member of the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana. Since his death, a collection of his work has been published and exhibited
Jan 4 George Douglas-Hamilton 10th Earl of Selkirk a Scottish nobleman and Conservative politician.
Jan 5 Kathleen Kenyon a leading archaeologist of Neolithic culture in the Fertile Crescent. Former Principal of St Hugh's College, Oxford and best known for her excavations of Jericho and Bangalow in 1952-1958, she has been called the most influential female archaeologist of the 20th century
Jan 6 G. Ledyard Stebbins widely regarded as one of the leading evolutionary biologists of the 20th century. Stebbins received his Ph.D. in botany from Harvard University in 1931. He went on to the University of California, Berkeley, where his work with B. Babcock on the genetic evolution of plant species, and his association with a group of evolutionary biologists known as the Bay Area Biosystematists, led him to develop a comprehensive synthesis of plant evolution incorporating genetics
Jan 7 Betty Bolton a British actress, beginning as a child star during World War I and continuing her career in the 1920s and 1930s.
Jan 7 Bobbi Trout an early American female aviator, notable for her pioneering flying activities. Trout began her aviation career at the age of 16; however, her first solo flight and solo certificate was only given on April 30, 1928. In the spring of 1928, Trout’s mother bought her an International K-6 biplane. Trout received her pilot's identification card from the United States Department of Commerce on September 1, 1928. She was the second woman to break the non-refueling endurance record for women when she flew 12 hours straight from California in 1929. The record was previously held by Viola Gentry and was the first record where Fédération Aéronautique Internationale rules of the endurance record were revised stating that endurance records had to be broken by a full hour. Trout also participated in the Women's Air Derby of 1929, which was dubbed the Powder Puff Derby. In 2001, she was recognized as the only living participant in the first Women's Air Derby of 1929. Evelyn got her nickname “Bobbi” when she copied the hairstyle of 1928 actress Irene Castle which was a short “Bob” haircut
Jan 7 Kurt Mendelssohn a German-born British medical physicist, elected a Fellow of the Royal Society 1951.
Jan 7 Antanas Venclova a Lithuanian and Soviet politician, poet, journalist and translator.
Jan 7 Red Allen a jazz trumpeter and vocalist whose style has been claimed to be the first to fully incorporate the innovations of Louis Armstrong.
Jan 8 Serge Poliakoff a Russian-born French modernist painter belonging to the 'New' Ecole de Paris.
Jan 10 Natan Rakhlin a Ukrainian conductor.
Jan 11 Albert Hofmann a Swiss scientist known best for being the first person to synthesize, ingest, and learn of the psychedelic effects of lysergic acid diethylamide. Hofmann was also the first person to isolate, synthesize, and name the principal psychedelic mushroom compounds psilocybin and psilocin. He authored more than 100 scientific articles and numerous books, including LSD: My Problem Child. In 2007 he shared first place, alongside Tim Berners-Lee, in a list of the 100 greatest living geniuses, published by The Telegraph newspaper
Jan 11 Vilmos Zombori a Romanian footballer who played as a goalkeeper. He was also known as William Zombory
Jan 12 Kurt Hirsch a German mathematician who moved to England to escape the Nazi persecution of Jews. His research was in group theory; he also worked to reform mathematics education and became a county chess champion. The Hirsch length and Hirsch–Plotkin radical are named after him
Jan 12 E. J. H. Corner a botanist and a mycologist who occupied the posts of assistant director at the Singapore Botanic Gardens and Professor of Tropical Botany at the University of Cambridge. Corner was a Fellow of Sidney Sussex College from 1959
Jan 12 Emmanuel Levinas known for his work related to Jewish philosophy, existentialism, ethics, and ontology.
Jan 13 Burgoyne Diller an American abstract painter. Many of his best-known works are characterized by orthogonal geometric forms that reflect his strong interest in the De Stijl movement and the work of Piet Mondrian in particular. Overall, his Geometric abstraction and non-objective style also owe much to his study with Hans Hofmann at the Art Students League of New York. He was a founding member of the American Abstract Artists. Diller's abstract work has sometimes been termed "constructivist". He also did figurative and representational works early in his career working as a muralist for the New York City Federal Arts Project
Jan 13 Arpad Wigand a Nazi German war criminal with the rank of SS-Oberführer who served as the SS and Police Leader in Warsaw from 4 August 1941 until 23 April 1943 during the occupation of Poland in World War II.
Jan 13 Vitaly Abalakov a Soviet mountaineer and inventor.
Jan 13 Omer Côté a Canadian politician and a Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec.
Jan 13 Zhou Youguang the art-name of Zhou Yaoping who is a Chinese linguist, often credited as the "father of Pinyin", the official romanization for Mandarin in the People's Republic of China.
Jan 14 Rodolfo Volk a Italian footballer.
Jan 14 William Bendix an American film, radio, and television actor, who typically played rough, blue-collar characters. He is best remembered in movies for the title role in The Babe Ruth Story. He also memorably portrayed the clumsily earnest aircraft plant worker Chester Riley in radio and television's The Life of Riley. He received an Academy Award nomination as Best Supporting Actor for Wake Island
Jan 15 Rezső Kókai a Hungarian composer and musicologist.
Jan 15 Peter Grushin a Soviet rocket scientist and, from 1966, an academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
Jan 16 Johannes Brenner an Estonia football forward, who played for ESS Kalev Tallinn, Tallinna Jalgpalli Klubi and the Estonia national football team.
Jan 16 Erich Kähler a German mathematician with wide-ranging geometrical interests.
Jan 16 Diana Wynyard Dorothy Isobel Cox, was an English stage and film actress.
Jan 18 Nils Axelsson a Swedish football defender who played for Sweden in the 1934 FIFA World Cup. He also played for Helsingborgs IF
Jan 20 Jorma Nortimo a Finnish film director, screenwriter and actor who also served as a managing director for three different theatres. In films, he started as an actor in 1936 and directed his first film two years later
Jan 20 Aristotle Onassis a prominent Greek shipping magnate.
Jan 21 Boris Andreyev (shooter) a Soviet shooter. He won a silver and a bronze medal at the 1952 Summer Olympics, aged 46, in the 50 metre rifle prone and 50 metre rifle three positions, respectively. In the former event, both he and the winner, Iosif Sîrbu, broke the world record
Jan 21 Igor Moiseyev Alexandrovich Moiseyev has been widely acclaimed as the greatest 20th-century choreographer of character dance, a dance style similar to folk dance but with more professionalism and theatrics.
Jan 22 Joe Gladwin a British actor. He was born at 44 Tatton Street in the Ordsall district of Salford, Lancashire, the son of Joseph and Elizabeth Gladwin. He was baptised on 28 January 1906 at Mount Carmel RC Church, Ordsall and educated at the parish school. He married Lily Anne Wynne on 30 December 1933 at Mount Carmel Church. Gladwin was appointed a Papal Knight for his charity work. He is buried at St Mary's Catholic Cemetery just off the A6 road at Wardley, near Manchester
Jan 22 Gusztáv Sebes a Hungarian footballer and coach. With the title of Deputy Minister of Sport, he coached the Hungarian team known as the Mighty Magyars in the 1950s. Among the players in the team were Ferenc Puskás, Zoltán Czibor, Sándor Kocsis, József Bozsik, and Nándor Hidegkuti. Together with Béla Guttmann and Márton Bukovi, he formed a triumvirate of radical Hungarian coaches who pioneered the 4-2-4 formation
Jan 22 Robert E. Howard an American author who wrote pulp fiction in a diverse range of genres. He is well known for his character Conan the Barbarian and is regarded as the father of the sword and sorcery subgenre
Jan 23 Lady May Abel Smith a member of the British Royal Family, a great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria, as well as a great-great-granddaughter of King George III and niece to Queen Mary, consort of King George Furthermore she was related on her mother's side to the royal family of the Netherlands.
Jan 23 Erwin Bünning a German biologist. His pioneering research in botany and plant physiology resulted in several contributions in phototropism, phototaxis, differentiation, growth substances and even Tropical Forests. He made his most famous contributions in the area of chronobiology
Jan 24 Yosef Serlin a Zionist activist, lawyer and Israeli politician.
Jan 26 Ján Golian a Slovak Brigadier General who became famous as one of the main organizers and the commander of the insurrectionist 1st Czechoslovak Army in Slovakia during the Slovak National Uprising against the Nazis.
Jan 27 Alberto Ruz Lhuillier a Mexican archaeologist. He specialized in pre-Columbian Mesoamerican archaeology and is well known for leading the National Institute of Anthropology and History excavations at the Maya site of Palenque, where he found the tomb of the Maya ruler, Pakal. Ruz Lhuillier is sometimes referred to as the "Hitchcock of Archaeology"
Jan 27 Radamés Gnattali a Brazilian composer of both classical and popular music, as well as a conductor, orchestrator, and arranger.
Jan 27 Atos Wirtanen a Finnish left-wing intellectual, journalist, member of Finnish parliament and cultural critic. He was born in Saltvik. Wirtanen rose to parliament from the Social Democratic Party of Finland list, but in 1946 he defected to the Finnish People's Democratic League. Wirtanen was also active in the Socialist Unity Party and served as its chairman 1948–1955. In 1955, Wirtanen led the SYP's out of the SKDL. Wirtanen was fired twice from the publication Arbetarbladet and once from the magazine Ny Tid. During the Continuation War, Wirtanen was among the signatories of the "Petition of the Thirty-Three", which was presented to President Ryti by members of the peace opposition