Died in 1906

Jan 1 Hugh Nelson (Australian politician) Premier of Queensland from 1893 to 1898.
Jan 10 William Rainey Harper one of the leading American academic leaders of the late 19th century and the early 20th century. Harper helped to establish both the University of Chicago and Bradley University, and he served as the first presidents of both institutions
Jan 13 Alexander Stepanovich Popov acclaimed in his homeland and eastern European countries as the inventor of radio.
Jan 14 Hermann Sprengel a German chemist who discovered the explosive nature of picric acid in 1873, patented safety explosives and invented the mercurial air pump.
Jan 15 Gustav Bickell a German orientalist. He was born in Kassel, and died in Vienna
Jan 16 Marshall Field an American entrepreneur and the founder of Marshall Field and Company, the Chicago-based department stores. His business was renowned for its then-exceptional level of quality and customer service. Field is also known for some of his philanthropic donations, providing funding for the Field Museum of Natural History and donating land for the campus of the University of Chicago
Jan 18 Karl Kořistka a Czech geographer and technologist.
Jan 18 Ivan Babushkin a Russian professional Bolshevik revolutionary. He was born in the selo of Ledengskoye of the Vologda Governorate, currently in Babushkinsky District of Vologda Oblast
Jan 19 Nikolai Leykin a Russian writer, artist, playwright, journalist and publisher.
Jan 19 Bartolomé Mitre an Argentine statesman, military figure, and author. He was the President of Argentina from 1862 to 1868
Jan 20 Philippe Solari a provencal sculptor, of Italian origin, a contemporary and friend of Paul Cézanne and Émile Zola. He acquired French nationality in 1870
Jan 20 Marcelo Spinola y Maestre a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as the Archbishop of Seville.
Jan 25 Joseph Wheeler an American military commander and politician. He has the rare distinction of serving as a general during war time for two opposing forces: first as a noted cavalry general in the Confederate States Army in the 1860s during the American Civil War, and later as a general in the United States Army during both the Spanish-American War and Philippine-American War near the turn of the twentieth century. For much of the Civil War he served as the senior cavalry general in the Army of Tennessee and fought in most of its battles in the Western Theater
Jan 25 Émile Boutmy a French political scientist and sociologist who was a native of Paris.
Jan 25 Pierre-Lambert Goossens a Belgian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Mechelen from 1884 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1889
Jan 25 John S. Harris an American politician for the state of Louisiana and member of the Republican Party. Born in Truxton, New York, Harris was a delegate to the Louisiana state constitutional convention in 1868. He was a member of Louisiana State Senate in 1868 and the first Republican U.S. Senator from Louisiana, having served from 1868 to 1871. Harris was buried at Forestvale Cemetery in Helena, Montana
Jan 29 Christian IX of Denmark King of Denmark from 1863 to 1906. From 1863 to 1864, he was concurrently Duke of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg
Jan 30 Reinhold Sadler an American politician. He was the ninth Governor of Nevada. He was a member of the Silver Party
Feb 1 Stepan Alexandrovsky a Russian painter, the founder of the Russian aquarelleist society. He has graduated from the Imperial Academy of Arts in 1864
Feb 6 Anton Menger an Austrian juridical expert and social theorist who aside from his collegiate works predominantly dedicated himself to propagating socialist literature on juridical grounds. He is the author of "The Right to the Whole Produce of Labor", "The Civil Law and the Poor" among others. He is Austrian economist Carl Menger's brother
Feb 9 Paul Laurence Dunbar an African-American poet, novelist, and playwright of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Born in Dayton, Ohio, to parents who had been slaves in Kentucky before the American Civil War, Dunbar started to write as a child and was president of his high school's literary society. He published his first poems at the age of 16 in a Dayton newspaper
Feb 10 Ezra Butler Eddy a Canadian businessman and political figure.
Feb 13 Albert Gottschalk a Danish painter. He had a close connection, personally and artistically, to the poets Johannes Jørgensen, Viggo Stuckenberg and Sophus Claussen
Feb 18 John Batterson Stetson a U.S. hatter, hat manufacturer, and, in the 1860s, the inventor of the cowboy hat. He founded the John Stetson Company as a manufacturer of headwear; the company's hats are now commonly referred to simply as Stetsons
Feb 18 Adolphe Perraud a French Cardinal and academician.
Feb 20 Jean Cabanis a German ornithologist.
Feb 25 Jean Baptiste Abbeloos a Belgian orientalist and Rector of the University of Leuven.
Feb 25 Anton Arensky a Russian composer of Romantic classical music, a pianist and a professor of music.
Feb 26 Thomas J. Wood a career United States Army officer and a Union general during the American Civil War.
Feb 27 Samuel Pierpont Langley an American astronomer, physicist, inventor of the bolometer and pioneer of aviation. He attended Boston Latin School, graduated from English High School of Boston, was an assistant in the Harvard College Observatory, then moved to a job ostensibly as a professor of mathematics at the United States Naval Academy, but actually was sent there to restore the Academy's small observatory. In 1867, he became the director of the Allegheny Observatory and a professor of astronomy at the Western University of Pennsylvania, now known as the University of Pittsburgh, a post he kept until 1891 even while he became the third Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution in 1887. Langley was the founder of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
Feb 27 John Peltz a professional baseball player in the 19th century. Peltz first played with the Indianapolis Hoosiers, in 1884 at the age of 23. He batted.219 and surrendered 38 errors in the outfield. Peltz did not appear in major league baseball until 1890, except for a brief one-game appearance in 1888 with the Baltimore Orioles. In 1890, his last year in the major leagues, he played with three teams, the Brooklyn Gladiators, Syracuse Stars, and the Toledo Maumees. He would continue to play with various minor league clubs until 1893, retiring with the Montgomery Colts. Peltz had a career batting average of.224. He died in New Orleans on February 27, 1906, at the age of 44
Feb 28 Mihály Zichy a Hungarian painter and graphic artist.
Mar 1 José María de Pereda one of the most distinguished of modern Spanish novelists, and a Member of the Royal Spanish Academy.
Mar 3 Jim Hogg an American lawyer, doctor and statesman, and the 20th Governor of Texas. He was born near Rusk, Texas. Hogg was a follower of the conservative New South Creed which became popular following the U.S. Civil War, and was also associated with populism. He was the first Texas Governor to have been born in Texas. Jim Hogg County is named after him
Mar 4 John Schofield an American soldier who held major commands during the American Civil War. He later served as U.S. Secretary of War and Commanding General of the United States Army
Mar 8 Suzanne Manet a Dutch-born pianist and the wife of the painter Édouard Manet, for whom she frequently modeled.
Mar 8 Henry Baker Tristram an English clergyman, Biblical scholar, traveller and ornithologist. As a parson-naturalist he was an early acceptor of Darwinism, attempting to reconcile evolution and creation
Mar 12 Manuel Quintana the President of Argentina from 12 October 1904 to 12 March 1906. He died in office
Mar 13 Marin Drinov a Bulgarian historian and philologist from the National Revival period who lived and worked in Russia through most of his life. He was one of the originators of Bulgarian historiography and a founding member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences , as well as its first chairman
Mar 13 Susan B. Anthony an American social reformer who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17. In 1856, she became the New York state agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society
Mar 17 Johann Most a German-American politician, newspaper editor, and orator. He is credited with popularizing the concept of "Propaganda of the deed". His grandson was Boston Celtics radio play-by-play man Johnny Most
Mar 18 Duke Constantine Petrovich of Oldenburg a son of Duke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg and his wife Princess Therese of Nassau-Weilburg Known in the court of Tsar Nicholas II as Duke Constantine Petrovich of Oldenburg, he was the father of the Russian Counts and Countesses von Zarnekau.
Mar 19 Étienne Carjat a French journalist, caricaturist and photographer. He co-founded the magazine, Le Diogène, and founded the review, Le Boulevard. He is best known for his numerous portraits and caricatures of political, literary and artistic Parisian figures. His best-known work is the iconic portrait of Arthur Rimbaud which he took in October 1871
Mar 19 Pyotr Schmidt one of the leaders of the Sevastopol Uprising during the Russian Revolution of 1905.
Mar 21 Carl Heinrich von Siemens a German entrepreneur, a child of a tenant farmer. He is a brother of Ernst Werner von Siemens and William Siemens, sons of Christian Ferdinand Siemens and wife Eleonore Deichmann. They had two more brothers, Hans Siemens and Friedrich August Siemens , married and father to Friedrich Carl Siemens , married on May 22, 1920 in Berlin to Melanie Bertha Gräfin Yorck von Wartenburg the parents of Heinrich Werner Andreas Siemens born September 28, 1921, Annabel Siemens , Daniela Siemens and Peter Siemens
Mar 21 Makonnen Wolde Mikael a general and the governor of Harar province in Ethiopia, and the father of Tafari Mäkonnen. His father was Fitawrari Woldemikael Guddessa. Makonnen was a grandson of Negus Sahle Selassie of Shewa through his mother, Leult Tenagnework Sahle Selassie. As such, he was a first cousin of the Ethiopian Emperor Menelik II
Mar 22 Martin Wegelius a Finnish composer and musicologist, primarily remembered as the founder, in 1882, of the Helsinki Music Institute, now known as the Sibelius Academy.
Mar 26 Princess Alexandrine of Prussia (1842–1906) a member of the House of Hohenzollern as the daughter of Prince Albert of Prussia and his wife Princess Marianne of the Netherlands.
Mar 27 Eugène Carrière a French Symbolist artist of the Fin de siècle period. His paintings are best known for their brown monochrome palette. He was a close friend of the sculptor Rodin and his work influenced Picasso. Some see traces of Carrière's monochrome style in Picasso's Blue Period
Mar 29 Slava Raškaj a painter considered to be the greatest Croatian watercolorist of the late 19th and early 20th century. Deaf since birth, Raškaj was schooled in Vienna and Zagreb, where her mentor was the Croatian painter Bela Čikoš Sesija. In the 1890s her works were exhibited around Europe, including at the 1900 Expo in Paris. In her twenties Raškaj was diagnosed with acute depression and was institutionalised for the last three years of her life before dying in 1906 from tuberculosis in Zagreb. The value of her work was largely overlooked by art historians in the following decades, but in the late 1990s and early 2000s interest in her work was revived