1907 in history

1907 events chronologically

Jan 6 Maria Montessori opens her first school and daycare center for working class children in Rome, Italy
Jan 14 An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica kills more than 1,000
Jan 26 The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III is officially introduced into British Military Service, and remains the second oldest military rifle still in official use
Jan 29 Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes the first Native American U.S. Senator
Feb 7 The Mud March is the first large procession organized by the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS)
Mar 24 The first issue of the Georgian Bolshevik newspaper Dro is published
Apr 15 Triangle Fraternity was founded at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

Top 7 most famous people born in 1907

Mar 9 Mircea Eliade a Romanian historian of religion, fiction writer, philosopher, and professor at the University of Chicago. He was a leading interpreter of religious experience, who established paradigms in religious studies that persist to this day. His theory that hierophanies form the basis of religion, splitting the human experience of reality into sacred and profane space and time, has proved influential. One of his most influential contributions to religious studies was his theory of Eternal Return, which holds that myths and rituals do not simply commemorate hierophanies, but, at least to the minds of the religious, actually participate in them
May 12 Katharine Hepburn an American actress. Known for her fierce independence and spirited personality, Hepburn was a leading lady in Hollywood for more than 60 years. She appeared in a range of genres, from screwball comedy to literary drama, and received four Academy Awards for Best Actress—a record for any performer. In 1999, Hepburn was named by the American Film Institute as the greatest female star in Hollywood history
May 22 Hergé a Belgian cartoonist. His best known and most substantial work is the 23 completed comic books in The Adventures of Tintin series, which he made from 1929 until his death in 1983. He was also responsible for two other well-known series, Quick & Flupke and Jo, Zette and Jocko. His works were executed in his distinct ligne claire drawing style
May 22 Laurence Olivier an English actor, director, and producer. Olivier is generally considered to have been one of the greatest actors of the 20th century
May 26 John Wayne an American film actor, director and producer. An Academy Award-winner, Wayne was among the top box office draws for three decades. An enduring American icon, he epitomized rugged masculinity and is famous for his demeanor, including his distinctive calm voice, walk, and height
May 27 Rachel Carson an American marine biologist and conservationist whose book Silent Spring and other writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement.
Jul 6 Frida Kahlo best known for her self-portraits.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1907

Feb 2 Dmitri Mendeleev a Russian chemist and inventor. He formulated the Periodic Law, created his own version of the periodic table of elements, and used it to correct the properties of some already discovered elements and also to predict the properties of eight elements yet to be discovered
Feb 16 Giosuè Carducci an Italian poet and teacher. He was very influential and was regarded as the official national poet of modern Italy. In 1906 he became the first Italian to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature "not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces"
Feb 20 Henri Moissan a French chemist who won the 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in isolating fluorine from its compounds. Moissan was one of the original members of the International Atomic Weights Committee
Sep 4 Edvard Grieg a Norwegian composer and pianist. He is widely considered one of the leading Romantic era composers, and his music is part of the standard classical repertoire worldwide. His use and development of Norwegian folk music in his own compositions put the music of Norway in the international spectrum, as well as helping to develop a national identity, much as Jean Sibelius and Antonín Dvořák did in Finland and Bohemia, respectively
Sep 6 Sully Prudhomme a French poet and essayist, and was the first ever winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature, in 1901.
Dec 8 Oscar II of Sweden King of Sweden from 1872 until his death and King of Norway from 1872 until 1905. The third son of King Oscar I of Sweden and Josephine of Leuchtenberg, he was a descendant of Gustav I of Sweden through his mother
Dec 17 William Thomson 1st Baron Kelvin a British mathematical physicist and engineer who was born in Belfast in 1824. At the University of Glasgow he did important work in the mathematical analysis of electricity and formulation of the first and second laws of thermodynamics, and did much to unify the emerging discipline of physics in its modern form. He worked closely with mathematics professor Hugh Blackburn in his work. He also had a career as an electric telegraph engineer and inventor, which propelled him into the public eye and ensured his wealth, fame and honour. For his work on the transatlantic telegraph project he was knighted by Queen Victoria, becoming Sir William Thomson. He had extensive maritime interests and was most noted for his work on the mariner's compass, which had previously been limited in reliability