Died in 1907

Jan 1 Cyrill Kistler a German composer, music theoretician, Music educator and Music publisher.
Jan 3 Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar the fifth Qajar king of Persia. He reigned between the years 1896 and 1907
Jan 6 Jan Stanisławski (painter) a Polish modernist painter, art educator, as well as founder and member of various innovative art groups and literary societies. In 1906 he became full professor of the Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków
Jan 7 Louis Émile Javal a French ophthalmologist born in Paris. Javal is remembered for his studies of physiological optics and his work involving a disorder known as strabismus
Jan 9 Giuseppe Saracco an Italian politician, financier and Knight of the Annunziata.
Jan 9 Marie of Saxe-Altenburg Queen of Hanover and the consort of George V, a grandson of George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte.
Jan 13 Jakob Hurt a notable Estonian folklorist, theologist, and linguist. With respect to the latter, he is perhaps best known for his dissertation on "pure" -ne stem nouns. He is also featured on the 10 krooni note
Jan 14 Sir James Fergusson 6th Baronet a British soldier, Conservative politician and colonial administrator.
Jan 16 Hélène Napoleone Bonaparte the reputed daughter of Napoleon by his mistress, Albine de Montholon, wife of Charles Tristan, marquis de Montholon, and mother of Charles-François-Frédéric, marquis de Montholon-Sémonville.
Jan 16 Alfred Shaw an eminent Victorian cricketer and rugby footballer, who bowled the first ball in Test cricket and was the first to take five wickets in a Test innings. He who organised the first British Isles rugby tour to Australasia in 1888. He made two trips to North America and four to Australia, captaining the English cricket team in four Test matches on the all-professional tour of Australia in 1881/82, where his side lost and drew two each. He was also, along with James Lillywhite and Arthur Shrewsbury, co-promoter of the tour
Jan 16 Emil Rostrup a Danish botanist, mycologist and plant pathologist.
Jan 20 William Bertrand Busnach a French dramatist.
Jan 21 Graziadio Isaia Ascoli an Italian linguist.
Jan 22 Vincențiu Babeș an ethnic Romanian lawyer, teacher, journalist and politician from the Banat, settled in Vienna, where he married Sophia Goldschneider in 1851.
Jan 24 Félix-Joseph Barrias a French painter. He was well known in his day for his paintings on religious, historical or mythical subjects, but has now been largely forgotten. Artists who trained in his studio and went on to achieve fame include Edgar Degas, Gustave Achille Guillaumet and Henri Pille
Jan 25 René Pottier a French racing cyclist.
Jan 29 Michael Foster (physiologist) an English physiologist.
Jan 30 Ludwig Woltmann a German anthropologist, zoologist and Marxist theoretician.
Jan 31 Timothy Eaton a Canadian businessman who founded the Eaton's department store, one of the most important retail businesses in Canada's history.
Feb 2 Dmitri Mendeleev a Russian chemist and inventor. He formulated the Periodic Law, created his own version of the periodic table of elements, and used it to correct the properties of some already discovered elements and also to predict the properties of eight elements yet to be discovered
Feb 2 William Stang a German-born prelate of the Catholic Church. He served as the first Bishop of Fall River from 1904 until his death in 1907
Feb 5 Ludwig Thuille an Austrian composer and teacher, numbered for a while among the leading operatic composers of the 'Munich School', whose most famous representative was Richard Strauss.
Feb 5 Nikolai Menshutkin a Russian chemist who discovered the process of converting a tertiary amine to a quaternary ammonium salt via the reaction with an alkyl halide, now known as the Menshutkin reaction.
Feb 7 George Goschen 1st Viscount Goschen a British statesman and businessman best remembered for being "forgotten" by Lord Randolph Churchill. He was initially a Liberal, then a Liberal Unionist before joining the Conservative Party by the time of the 1895 General Election
Feb 8 Hendrik Willem Bakhuis Roozeboom W. Bakhuis Roozeboom was a Dutch chemist who gained his reputation for works on phase behaviour in physical chemistry
Feb 8 Alfred Kirchhoff a German geographer and naturalist.
Feb 10 Claude Whittindale a British rugby union player who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Feb 12 Muriel Robb an English female tennis player. She is best remembered for her ladies' singles title at the 1902 Wimbledon Championships. She also won the Irish and Scottish singles titles in 1901 and the Welsh singles title in 1899. She attended the Cheltenham Ladies’ College, in Gloucestershire from 1893 to 1897 and was a member of the Jesmond Lawn Tennis Club in Newcastle. From 1899 to 1902 she participated in four Wimbledon Championships and reached at least the quarterfinal on all occasions
Feb 13 Marcel Alexandre Bertrand a French geologist born in Paris. He was the son of mathematician Joseph Louis François Bertrand , and son-in-law to physicist Éleuthère Mascart
Feb 16 Princess Clémentine of Orléans the sixth child of ten and youngest daughter of Louis-Philippe I, King of the French, and his wife Marie Amalie of the Two Sicilies. She was the mother of Ferdinand I, Tsar of Bulgaria
Feb 16 Giosuè Carducci an Italian poet and teacher. He was very influential and was regarded as the official national poet of modern Italy. In 1906 he became the first Italian to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature "not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces"
Feb 17 Henry Steel Olcott an American military officer, journalist, lawyer and the co-founder and first President of the Theosophical Society.
Feb 17 Ferdinand Justi a German linguist and Orientalist.
Feb 20 Henri Moissan a French chemist who won the 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in isolating fluorine from its compounds. Moissan was one of the original members of the International Atomic Weights Committee
Feb 24 Alfred Jean Baptiste Lemaire a French military musician and composer who went to Iran in 1868, during the reign of King Nasser-al-Din Shah to train the staff of the music department of Dar ul-Funun. He was the composer of the first Iranian national anthem
Feb 25 Wilhelm von Diez a German painter and illustrator of the Munich School.
Feb 25 Paul Guiraud a French historian born in Cenne-Monestiés, a commune located in the department of Aude.
Mar 1 Vasily Bessel a Russian music publisher.
Mar 2 Vasili Yakovlevich Zinger a prominent Russian mathematician, botanist and philosopher. His name is sometimes spelled Wasili Jakowlewitsch Zinger
Mar 5 Friedrich Blass a German classical scholar.
Mar 6 Karl Heinrich von Boetticher a German conservative politician and statesman. He served as Secretary of the Interior , and Vice Chancellor of Germany
Mar 7 Alphonse Duvernoy a French pianist and composer. Duvernoy counts composer Alexander Winkler and Norah Drewett de Kresz among his students. His brother was singer and pianist Edmond Duvernoy
Mar 9 Frederic George Stephens an art critic, and one of the two 'non-artistic' members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
Mar 11 Dimitar Petkov a leading member of the Bulgarian People's Liberal Party and the country's Prime Minister from November 5, 1906 until he was assassinated in Sofia the following year.
Mar 11 Jean Casimir-Perier a French politician, fifth President of the French Third Republic.
Mar 11 Franz Sacher an Austrian-Jewish confectioner, best known as the inventor of the world-famous chocolate cake, the Sachertorte.
Mar 16 John O'Leary (Fenian) an Irish separatist and a leading Fenian. He studied both law and medicine but did not take a degree and for his involvement in the Irish Republican Brotherhood he was imprisoned in England during the nineteenth century
Mar 17 Helgo Zettervall a Swedish architect and professor of the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts. He is best known for his drastic restorations of churches and other buildings around Sweden. He was father to Folke Zettervall. He was chief of Överintendentsämbetet 1882–97
Mar 17 Ernesto Köhler an Italian flautist and composer. He was considered one of the best flautists of his era
Mar 18 Marcellin Berthelot a French chemist and politician noted for the Thomsen-Berthelot principle of thermochemistry. He synthesized many organic compounds from inorganic substances and disproved the theory of vitalism. He is considered as one of the greatest chemists of all time