Died in 1908

Jan 3 Charles Augustus Young one of the foremost solar spectroscopist astronomers in the United States, died of pneumonia after a brief illness, at his home in Hanover, New Hampshire, on 4 January 1908. He observed solar eclipses and worked on spectroscopy of the Sun. He observed a solar flare with a spectroscope on 3 August, 1872, and also noted that it coincided with a magnetic storm on Earth
Jan 4 Ned Hanlan a professional sculler, hotelier, and alderman from Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Jan 6 George Dixon (boxer) a Black Canadian professional boxer and the first black world boxing champion in any weight class, while also being the first ever Canadian-born boxing champion. Ring Magazine founder Nat Fleischer ranked Dixon as the #1 Featherweight of all-time. Dixon was inducted into the Ring Magazine Hall of Fame in 1956 and the International Boxing Hall of Fame as a first-class inductee in 1990, he was also made a member of Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 1955
Jan 9 Abraham Goldfaden a Russian-born Jewish poet, playwright, stage director and actor in the languages Yiddish and Hebrew, author of some 40 plays. Goldfaden is considered the father of the Jewish modern theatre
Jan 9 Wilhelm Busch a German humorist, poet, illustrator and painter. He published comic illustrated cautionary tales from 1859, achieving his most notable works in the 1870s. Busch's illustrations used wood engraving, and later, zincography
Jan 13 Ivan Zabelin a Russian historian and archaeologist with a Slavophile bent who helped establish the National History Museum on Red Square and presided over this institution until 1906. He was the foremost authority on the history of the city of Moscow and a key figure in the 19th-century Russian Romantic Nationalism
Jan 14 Robert L. J. Ellery an English-Australian astronomer and public servant; Victorian government astronomer for 42 years.
Jan 14 Holger Drachmann a Danish poet and dramatist. He is an outstanding figure of the Modern Break-Through
Jan 16 Friedrich August Körnicke a German agronomist and botanist born in Pratau. He was the father of agricultural botanist Max Koernicke
Jan 17 Ferdinand IV Grand Duke of Tuscany the last Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1859 to 1860. The House of Habsburg-Lorraine continued to hold the title as pretenders until the end of World War I
Jan 19 Charles Emory Smith an American journalist and political leader. He was born in Mansfield, Connecticut
Jan 20 Milovan Glišić a Serbian writer, dramatist, translator, and literary theorist. He is sometimes referred to as the Serbian Gogol
Jan 20 John Ordronaux (doctor) an American Civil War army surgeon, a professor of medical jurisprudence, a pioneering mental health commissioner and a generous patron of university endowments. Between 1859 and 1901 Ordronaux published at least fifteen books and articles about subjects as diverse as heroes of the American Revolution of 1776, military medicine, medical jurisprudence, mental health, United States constitutional law and historical treatises. He left an estate worth $2,757,000 much of which he gave in endowments to several US universities and other institutions. He did not marry
Jan 22 August Wilhelmj a German violinist and teacher.
Jan 22 Morris Ketchum Jesup a United States banker and philanthropist. He was the president of the American Museum of Natural History
Jan 23 Edward MacDowell an American composer and pianist of the Romantic period. He was best known for his second piano concerto and his piano suites Woodland Sketches, Sea Pieces, and New England Idylls. Woodland Sketches includes his most popular short piece, To a Wild Rose. In 1904 he was one of the first seven Americans honored by membership in the American Academy of Arts and Letters
Jan 25 Mikhail Chigorin a leading Russian chess player. The last great player of the Romantic chess style, he also served as a major source of inspiration for the "Soviet Chess School", which dominated the chess world in the middle and latter parts of the 20th century
Jan 25 Ouida the pseudonym of the English novelist Maria Louise Ramé.
Jan 26 Alexander Mann a Scottish landscape and genre painter. He was a member of New English Art Club and Royal Institute of Oil Painters
Jan 28 Joseph Freinademetz a missionary in China. He has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church
Jan 28 Sidney Paget a British illustrator of the Victorian era, best known for his illustrations that accompanied Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories in The Strand magazine.
Jan 28 François-Marie-Benjamin Richard born at Nantes, Loire-Atlantique.
Feb 1 Carlos I of Portugal the King of Portugal and the Algarves. He was the first Portuguese king to die a violent death since Sebastian of Portugal. This occurred in 1908, when Carlos was murdered in Lisbon as he travelled in an open carriage with the royal family
Feb 1 Luís Filipe Prince Royal of Portugal the eldest son and heir-apparent of King Carlos I of Portugal. He was born in 1887 while his father was still Prince Royal of Portugal, and received the usual style of the heirs to the heir of the Portuguese crown: he was then at birth 4th Prince of Beira, with the subsidiary title of 14th Duke of Barcelos. After his grandfather king Dom Luís I of Portugal died, he became Prince Royal of Portugal, with the subsidiary titles of 21st Duke of Braganza, 20th Marquis of Vila Viçosa, 28th count of Barcelos, 25th count of Ourém, 23rd count of Arraiolos, 22nd count of Neiva; he was later created Knight Commander of the Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa, Knight of the Order of the Garter, and Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
Feb 7 Ernst I Duke of Saxe-Altenburg a duke of Saxe-Altenburg. He was the first son of Georg, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg and Marie Luise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. In 1853 he succeeded his father as Duke of Saxe-Altenburg. He was of a retiring disposition and he took little active part in running the country. After a reign that lasted fifty five years, he died without a living direct male heir; because of this, he was succeeded by his nephew, Ernst
Feb 7 Alexander Ertel a Russian novelist and short story writer.
Feb 10 Mustafa Kamil Pasha an Egyptian lawyer, journalist, and nationalist activist.
Feb 11 Anatole Vakhnianyn a Ukrainian political and cultural figure, composer, teacher and journalist.
Feb 12 Arpiar Arpiarian an influential 19th century Armenian writer, the pioneer of realism in Armenian literature and a political activist.
Feb 13 David Hesser an American water polo player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Feb 13 Willie Groves a Scottish footballer who played for Hibernian, Celtic, West Bromwich Albion, Aston Villa and Scotland. He is known for being the first player to be transferred for more than £100
Feb 17 Baron Ignaz von Plener an Austrian statesman. He served as the 3rd Minister-President of Cisleithania
Feb 19 Paul Thumann a German illustrator and painter.
Feb 20 Simo Matavulj a Serbian novelist, a representative of lyric realism, especially in short prose. He is best known for employing his skill in holding up to ridicule the peculiar foibles of the Dalmatian folk. He was an honorary member of the Matica srpska of Novi Sad; president of the Society of Writers and Artists of Serbia; member of the Serbian Royal Academy of Sciences and Arts ; and president of the Serbian Literary Society
Feb 20 Ludwig Schwabe a German classical philologist and professor of classical archaeology born in Giessen.
Feb 23 Svatopluk Čech a Czech writer, journalist and poet.
Feb 23 Friedrich von Esmarch a German surgeon. He developed the Esmarch bandage and founded the Deutscher Samariter-Verein, the predecessor of the Deutscher Samariter-Bund
Feb 25 James Munro (Australian politician) the 15th Premier of Victoria.
Feb 26 Adolf Kirchhoff Johann Wilhelm Adolf Kirchhoff , German classical scholar and epigraphist.
Feb 27 Norman Biggs a Welsh international rugby union wing who played club rugby for Cardiff and county rugby for Glamorgan. Both Biggs and his brother Selwyn played international rugby for Wales, though they never played together in the same match for Wales. Biggs also played cricket for Glamorgan and in 1893 was part of a team that took on Cardiff in a two-day match; he faced his brother Selwyn, who was a member of the Cardiff team
Feb 29 Pat Garrett an American Old West lawman, bartender, and customs agent who became famous for killing Billy the Kid. He was also the sheriff of Lincoln County, New Mexico as well as Doña Ana County, New Mexico. He was drafted into service as sheriff both times
Feb 29 John Hope 1st Marquess of Linlithgow a Scottish aristocrat, politician and colonial administrator. He is best known for his brief and controversial tenure as the first Governor-General of Australia. When he became Governor-General, he was 40 years old and he remains the youngest person to have held that office; he is also the shortest-lived, dying at the age of 47. In Australia he is remembered as Lord Hopetoun
Mar 4 Teofil Fabiny a Hungarian politician and jurist, who served as Minister of Justice between 1886 and 1889.
Mar 9 Henry Clifton Sorby an English microscopist and geologist. His major contribution was the development of techniques for studying iron and steel with microscopes. This paved the way for the mass-production of steel
Mar 11 Benjamin Waugh a Victorian social reformer and campaigner who founded the UK charity, the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children in the late 19th century, and also wrote various hymns.
Mar 11 Edmondo De Amicis an Italian novelist, journalist, poet and short-story writer. His best-known book is the children's novel Heart
Mar 11 Josef Hlávka a Czech architect, builder, philanthropist and founder of the oldest Czech foundation for sciences and arts.
Mar 12 Clara Novello an acclaimed soprano, the fourth daughter of Vincent Novello, a musician and music publisher, and his wife, Mary Sabilla Hehl.
Mar 19 Eduard Zeller a German philosopher and academic theologian of the Tübingen School of theology.
Mar 21 Volodymyr Antonovych a prominent Ukrainian historian and one of the leaders of the Ukrainian national awakening in the Russian Empire. As a historian, Antonovych, who was longtime Professor of History at the University of Kiev, represented a populist approach to Ukrainian history