1909 in history

1909 events chronologically

Jan 1 Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher
Jan 5 Colombia recognizes the independence of Panama
Jan 9 Ernest Shackleton, leading the Nimrod Expedition to the South Pole, plants the British flag 97 nautical miles (180 km; 112 mi) from the South Pole, the farthest anyone had ever reached at that time
Jan 16 Ernest Shackleton's expedition finds the magnetic South Pole
Jan 23 RMS Republic, a passenger ship of the White Star Line, becomes the first ship to use the CQD distress signal after colliding with another ship, the SS Florida, off the Massachusetts coastline, an event that kills six people. The Republic sinks the next day
Jan 25 Richard Strauss's opera Elektra receives its debut performance at the Dresden State Opera
Jan 27 The Young Left is founded in Norway

Top 7 most famous people born in 1909

Jan 22 U Thant a Burmese marvelous diplomat and the third Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1961 to 1971.
Feb 3 Simone Weil a French philosopher, Christian mystic, and political activist.
Apr 22 Rita Levi-Montalcini an Italian developmental neurobiologist who, together with colleague Stanley Cohen, received the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discovery of nerve growth factor. Also, from 2001, until her death, she served in the Italian Senate as a Senator for Life
May 30 Benny Goodman an American jazz and swing musician, clarinetist and bandleader, known as the "King of Swing".
Jun 20 Errol Flynn an Australian-American actor. He was known for his romantic swashbuckler roles in Hollywood films and his playboy lifestyle. He became a naturalized American citizen in 1942
Sep 7 Elia Kazan a Greek-American director, producer, writer and actor, described by The New York Times as "one of the most honored and influential directors in Broadway and Hollywood history".
Sep 21 Kwame Nkrumah the leader of Ghana and its predecessor state, the Gold Coast, from 1951 to 1966. Overseeing the nation's independence from British colonisation in 1957, Nkrumah was the first President of Ghana and the first Prime Minister of Ghana. An influential 20th-century advocate of Pan-Africanism, he was a founding member of the Organisation of African Unity and was the winner of the Lenin Peace Prize in 1963. He saw himself as an African Lenin

Top 7 most famous people died in 1909

Jan 12 Hermann Minkowski a German mathematician, professor at Königsberg, Zürich and Göttingen. He created and developed the geometry of numbers and used geometrical methods to solve problems in number theory, mathematical physics, and the theory of relativity
Feb 17 Geronimo a prominent leader of the Bedonkohe Apache who fought against Mexico and Texas for their expansion into Apache tribal lands for several decades during the Apache Wars. "Geronimo" was the name given to him during a battle with Mexican soldiers. Geronimo's Chiricahua name is often rendered as Goyathlay or Goyahkla in English
May 18 Isaac Albéniz a Spanish pianist and composer best known for his piano works based on folk music idioms. Many of his pieces such as Asturias , Granada, Sevilla, Cádiz, Córdoba, Cataluña, and the Tango in D are amongst the most important pieces for classical guitar. The personal papers of Isaac Albéniz are preserved, among other institutions, in the Biblioteca de Catalunya
Jul 11 Simon Newcomb a Canadian-American astronomer and mathematician. Though he had little conventional schooling, he made important contributions to timekeeping as well as writing on economics and statistics and authoring a science fiction novel
Oct 19 Cesare Lombroso an Italian criminologist, physician, and founder of the Italian School of Positivist Criminology. Lombroso rejected the established Classical School, which held that crime was a characteristic trait of human nature. Instead, using concepts drawn from physiognomy, early eugenics, psychiatry and Social Darwinism, Lombroso's theory of anthropological criminology essentially stated that criminality was inherited, and that someone "born criminal" could be identified by physical defects, which confirmed a criminal as savage, or atavistic
Oct 26 Itō Hirobumi a samurai of Chōshū domain, Japanese statesman, four time Prime Minister of Japan , genrō and Resident-General of Korea. Itō was assassinated by Korean nationalist An Jung-geun. The politician, intellectual, and author Suematsu Kenchō was Itō's son-in-law, having married his second daughter, Ikuko
Dec 17 Leopold II of Belgium chiefly remembered for the founding and exploitation of the Congo Free State as a private venture. Born in Brussels as the second son of Leopold I and Louise of Orléans, he succeeded his father to the throne on 17 December 1865, reigning for 44 years until his death. This was the longest reign of any Belgian monarch