Died in 1909

Jan 2 Ivar Arosenius a Swedish painter and author of picture books. In the latter capacity he is most noted for the book Kattresan , which was published after his death. He lived in the village of Älvängen, north of Gothenburg. After his death, his house fell into disrepair and was finally demolished. He is buried at Östra kyrkogården in Gothenburg
Jan 8 Harry Seeley a British paleontologist.
Jan 9 Paul Gachet a French physician most famous for treating the painter Vincent van Gogh during his last weeks in Auvers-sur-Oise. Gachet was a great supporter of artists and the Impressionist movement. In fact, he himself was an amateur painter, signing his works "Paul van Ryssel", referring to his birthplace: Gachet came "from" "Ryssel" – the Dutch name of Lille
Jan 10 Pavel Zelenoy a Russian admiral, governor of Taganrog and Odessa.
Jan 11 Joseph Wharton an American industrialist. He was involved in mining, manufacturing and education. He founded the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, co-founded the Bethlehem Steel company, and was one of the founders of Swarthmore College
Jan 12 Hermann Minkowski a German mathematician, professor at Königsberg, Zürich and Göttingen. He created and developed the geometry of numbers and used geometrical methods to solve problems in number theory, mathematical physics, and the theory of relativity
Jan 13 Adam Bełcikowski a Polish philosopher, historian of literature, poet and a dramaturg. He was born and died in Kraków
Jan 14 Zinovy Rozhestvensky an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy. He was in command of the Second Pacific Squadron in the Battle of Tsushima, during the Russo-Japanese War
Jan 15 Ernst von Wildenbruch a German poet and dramatist.
Jan 15 Robert Zünd one of the most important Swiss painters of the 19th Century.
Jan 15 Arnold Janssen venerated as a saint. He founded the Society of the Divine Word, a Roman Catholic missionary religious congregation, also known as the Divine Word Missionaries, as well as two congregations for women. In 1889 he founded in Steyl, Netherlands the Missionary Sisters Servants of the Holy Spirit and in 1896 at the same place the Holy Spirit Adoration Sisters. He was canonized on October 5, 2003, by Pope John Paul II
Jan 17 Francis Smith (Australian politician) a British lawyer, judge and politician, who was the fourth Premier of Tasmania from 12 May 1857 until 1 November 1860.
Jan 18 Robert Hausmann a notable 19th-century German cellist who premiered important works by Johannes Brahms and Max Bruch. He was also a teacher and a minor composer
Jan 21 Mezide Mestan Kadınefendi the sixth wife of 34th Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid She was the mother of Şehzade Mehmed Burhaneddin Efendi of the Ottoman Empire. Her rank in the royal harem was "Üçüncü Kadınefendi"
Jan 22 Emil Erlenmeyer a German chemist known for contributing to the early development of the theory of structure, formulating the Erlenmeyer rule, and designing a type of chemical flask.
Jan 27 Benoît-Constant Coquelin a French actor, "one of the greatest theatrical figures of the age.".
Jan 29 Felice Beato an Italian–British photographer. He was one of the first people to take photographs in East Asia and one of the first war photographers. He is noted for his genre works, portraits, and views and panoramas of the architecture and landscapes of Asia and the Mediterranean region. Beato's travels gave him the opportunity to create images of countries, people, and events that were unfamiliar and remote to most people in Europe and North America. His work provides images of such events as the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and the Second Opium War, and represents the first substantial oeuvre of photojournalism. He had an impact on other photographers, and his influence in Japan, where he taught and worked with numerous other photographers and artists, was particularly deep and lasting
Feb 2 Carlo Acton an Italian composer and concert pianist. He is particularly remembered for his opera Una cena in convitto and for his sacred music compositions of which his Tantum ergo is the most well known
Feb 5 Nguyễn Khuyến a famous Vietnamese Confucian scholar, poet and teacher living in the 19th century.
Feb 5 Alexandre Saint-Yves d'Alveydre a French occultist who adapted the works of Fabre d'Olivet and, in turn, had his ideas adapted by Papus. He developed the term Synarchy—the association of everyone with everyone else—into a political philosophy, and his ideas about this type of government proved influential in politics and the occult
Feb 8 Ernest Alexandre Honoré Coquelin a French actor. Also called Coquelin Cadet, to distinguish him from his brother, he was born at Boulogne, and entered the Conservatoire in 1864
Feb 8 Catulle Mendès a French poet and man of letters.
Feb 8 Mieczysław Karłowicz a Polish composer and conductor.
Feb 9 Charles Conder an English-born painter, lithographer and designer. He emigrated to Australia and was a key figure in the Heidelberg School, arguably the beginning of a distinctively Australian tradition in Western art
Feb 12 George King (botanist) a British botanist appointed superintendent of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta in 1871, and the first Director of the Botanical Survey of India from 1890. King was awarded the Linnean Medal in 1901
Feb 13 Hans Peter Jørgen Julius Thomsen a Danish chemist noted in thermochemistry for the Thomsen-Berthelot principle.
Feb 17 Geronimo a prominent leader of the Bedonkohe Apache who fought against Mexico and Texas for their expansion into Apache tribal lands for several decades during the Apache Wars. "Geronimo" was the name given to him during a battle with Mexican soldiers. Geronimo's Chiricahua name is often rendered as Goyathlay or Goyahkla in English
Feb 17 Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia a son of Emperor Alexander II of Russia. He was a brother of Tsar Alexander III of Russia and was the Senior Grand Duke of the House of Romanov during the reign of his nephew, Tsar Nicholas II
Feb 17 Carl Bolle a German naturalist and collector.
Feb 20 Paul Ranson a French painter and writer.
Feb 20 Carroll D. Wright an American statistician.
Feb 21 Georg Semper a German entomologist who specialised in Lepidoptera.
Feb 22 Eugene Delmar one of the leading United States chess masters of 19th century and the four-time New York State champion in 1890, 1891, 1895 and 1897. He won a match against Robert Henry Barnes with only a single draw
Feb 26 Caran d'Ache the pseudonym of the 19th century French satirist and political cartoonist Emmanuel Poiré. "Caran d'Ache" comes from the Russian word karandash , meaning pencil. While his first work glorified the Napoleonic era, he went on to create "stories without words" and as a contributor to newspapers such as the Lundi du Figaro, he is sometimes hailed as one of the precursors of comic strips. The Swiss art products company Caran d'Ache is named after him
Feb 26 Hermann Ebbinghaus known for his discovery of the forgetting curve and the spacing effect. He was also the first person to describe the learning curve. He was the father of the eminent neo-Kantian philosopher Julius Ebbinghaus
Feb 26 Ciriaco María Sancha y Hervás a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Toledo, Primate of Spain and Patriarch of the West Indies.
Mar 1 Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1867–1909) the only child of Prince Louis of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Count of Trani and his wife Duchess Mathilde Ludovika in Bavaria. Maria Teresa was a member of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and became a member of the House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and titular Princess of Hohenzollern through her marriage to Prince Wilhelm of Hohenzollern
Mar 2 Horace Günzburg a Russian philanthropist. He received his education at home in Zvenigorodka. After the Crimean war his father, Joseph Günzburg, then a wealthy merchant and army contractor, settled with his family in Petersburg. He is the father of David Günzburg
Mar 3 Alejandro Sawa a Spanish bohemian novelist, poet, and journalist.
Mar 5 Jacques Grenier a Canadian businessman and politician. He was mayor of Montreal
Mar 5 Elijah E. Myers a leading architect of government buildings in the latter half of the 19th century, and the only architect to design the capitol buildings of three U.S. states, the Michigan State Capitol, the Texas State Capitol, and the Colorado State Capitol. He also designed buildings in Mexico and Brazil. Myers' designs favored Victorian Gothic and Neo-Classical styles, but he worked in other styles as well
Mar 6 João Barbosa Rodrigues a Brazilian botanist and engineer.
Mar 12 Joseph Petrosino a New York City police officer who was a pioneer in the fight against organized crime. The various crime fighting techniques that Petrosino pioneered during his law enforcement career are still practiced by various agencies
Mar 18 Kuzman Shapkarev a Bulgarian folklorist, ethnographer and scientist from Macedonia, author of textbooks and ethnographic studies and a significant figure of the Bulgarian National Revival. He is considered an ethnic Macedonian in the Republic of Macedonia
Mar 20 Friedrich Amelung a Baltic German cultural historian, businessman and chess endgame composer.
Mar 23 Karel Javůrek a Czech history painter.
Mar 23 John Davidson (poet) a Scottish poet, playwright and novelist, best known for his ballads. He also did translations from French and German. In 1909, financial difficulties, as well as physical and mental health problems, led to his suicide
Mar 24 John Millington Synge an Irish playwright, poet, prose writer, travel writer and collector of folklore. He was a key figure in the Irish Literary Revival and was one of the co-founders of the Abbey Theatre. He is best known for his play The Playboy of the Western World, which caused riots in Dublin during its opening run at the Abbey Theatre
Mar 24 Alfred Messel one of the most well-known German architects at the turning point to the 20th century, creating a new style for buildings which bridged the transition from historicism to modernism. Messel was able to combine the structure, decoration, and function of his buildings, which ranged from department stores, museums, office buildings, mansions, and social housing to soup kitchens, into a coherent, harmonious whole. As an urban architect striving for excellence he was in many respects ahead of his time. His most well known works, the Wertheim department stores and the Pergamon Museum in Berlin, reflect a new concept of self-confident metropolitan architecture. His architectural drawings and construction plans are preserved at the Architecture Museum of the Technical University of Berlin
Mar 25 Ruperto Chapí a Spanish composer, and co-founder of the Sociedad General de Autores y Editores.