Died in 1911

Jan 3 Eduard Schensnovich an admiral in the Imperial Russian Navy.
Jan 3 Alexandros Papadiamantis an influential Greek novelist, short-story writer and poet.
Jan 3 'Abd al-Ahad Khan the 17th emir of the Manghit dynasty, the last ruling dynasty of the Emirate of Bukhara, which at the time was a part of the Russian Empire. He ascended to the title aged 26 upon the death of his father, Muzaffaruddin Bahadur Kkan, on 12 November 1885
Jan 8 Emma Ihrer a German feminist and trade unionist who was active in founding societies to defend the rights of women workers.
Jan 9 Edwin Arthur Jones an American composer. He was called "one modest man who knows the power of music" by Edward Everett Hale, author of The Man Without a Country. This modest man, from a rural Massachusetts town about 20 miles south of Boston, composed some very significant works. These include a masterful cantata and a large oratorio in three parts, modeled after Handel's Messiah
Jan 9 Edvard Rusjan an Italo-Slovenian flight pioneer and airplane constructor. He died in an airplane crash in Belgrade
Jan 11 Alexander Skabichevsky a Russian novelist, playwright, literary critic and historian, part of the Narodnik movement, best known for his series of biographies of 19th century Russian writers.
Jan 12 Georg Jellinek a German public lawyer, considered of Austrian origin. Along with Hans Kelsen and the Hungarian Félix Somló he belonged to the group of Austrian Legal Positivists and was considered to be "the exponent of public law in Austria“
Jan 15 Carolina Coronado a Spanish author considered the equivalent of contemporary Romantic authors like Rosalía de Castro. She became so popular as to merit the title "the female Bécquer."
Jan 17 Francis Galton an English Victorian progressive, polymath, psychologist, anthropologist, eugenicist, tropical explorer, geographer, inventor, meteorologist, proto-geneticist, psychometrician, and statistician. He was knighted in 1909
Jan 20 Alexander Kiselyov (painter) a Russian landscape painter.
Jan 23 Mikhail Stasyulevich a Russian writer, scholar, historian, journalist, editor and publisher.
Jan 24 Shūsui Kōtoku a Japanese socialist and anarchist who played a leading role in introducing anarchism to Japan in the early 20th century, particularly by translating the works of contemporary European and Russian anarchists, such as Peter Kropotkin, into Japanese. He was a radical journalist, and he was executed for treason by the Japanese government
Jan 24 David Graham Phillips an American novelist and journalist of the muckraker tradition.
Jan 28 John MacWhirter a Scottish landscape painter.
Jan 31 Paul Singer (politician) a leading Marxist in and representative of the Social Democratic Party of Germany in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Co-Chairmen of the SPD along with fellow Marxist August Bebel from 1890 until his death in 1911
Feb 2 Charles Méray a French mathematician. He is noted as the first to publish an arithmetical theory of irrational numbers. His work did not have much of a role in the history of mathematics because France, at that time, was less interested in such matters than Germany
Feb 4 Piet Cronjé a general of the South African Republic's military forces during the Anglo-Boer wars of 1880-1881 and 1899-1902.
Feb 7 Józef Montwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian social worker, bank owner and philanthropist, notable for the many social societies he founded. A descendant of a Lithuanian noble family, Montwiłł inherited a significant fortune, which he further increased through banking and investment. He financed numerous courses for the poor, among them was a class of painting and arts, run by - among others - Józef Bałzukiewicz and Ivan Trutnev, from which graduated a renowned Lithuanian artist Juozas Zikaras
Feb 8 Gustaf Fröding a Swedish poet and writer, born in Alster outside Karlstad in Värmland. The family moved to Kristinehamn in the year 1867. He later studied at Uppsala University and worked as a journalist in Karlstad
Feb 10 Morten Müller a Norwegian landscape painter.
Feb 12 Alexander S. Webb a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War who received the Medal of Honor for gallantry at the Battle of Gettysburg. After the war, he was president of the City College of New York for thirty-three years
Feb 15 Theodor Escherich a German-Austrian pediatrician and a professor at universities in Graz and Vienna. He discovered the bacterium Escherichia coli, which was named after him in 1919, and determined its properties
Feb 18 Billy Murdoch an Australian cricketer, who captained the Australian team on tours to England in 1880, 1882 , 1884 and 1890. Murdoch was born in Sandhurst , Victoria, to Gilbert Murdoch and his wife Susanna née Fleigge. He is the first cricketer to score a double century in Test Cricket
Feb 20 Alexander Kopylov an Imperial Russian composer and violinist.
Feb 23 Richard Henry Beddome a British military officer in India, chief conservator of the Madras Forest Department and a naturalist. He described many species of plants and reptiles from India, and several species described by others bear his name
Feb 23 Quanah Parker Comanche/English-American from the Comanche band Quahadi , strictly related also to the Nokoni band , his mother's people, and emerged as a dominant figure, particularly after the Comanches' final defeat. He was one of the last Comanche chiefs. The US appointed Quanah principal chief of the entire nation once the people had gathered on the reservation and later introduced general elections. Quanah was a Comanche chief, a leader in the Native American Church, and the last leader of the powerful Quahadi band before they surrendered their battle of the Great Plains and went to a reservation in Indian Territory. He was the son of Comanche chief Peta Nocona and Cynthia Ann Parker, an English-American, who had been kidnapped at the age of nine and assimilated into the tribe. Quanah Parker also led his people on the reservation, where he became a wealthy rancher and influential in Comanche and European American society
Feb 24 Jules Joseph Lefebvre a French figure painter, educator and theorist.
Feb 25 Friedrich Spielhagen a German novelist, literary theorist and translator. He tried a number of careers in his early 20s, but at 25 began writing and translating. His best known novel is Sturmflut and his novel In Reih' und Glied was quite successful in Russia
Feb 25 Fritz von Uhde a German painter of genre and religious subjects. His style laying between Realism and Impressionism, he was once known as "Germany's outstanding impressionist" and he became one of the first painters who introduced en plein air art in his country
Feb 26 Frederic Shields a British artist, illustrator and designer closely associated with the Pre-Raphaelites through Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Ford Madox Brown.
Feb 26 Sam Walter Foss an American librarian and poet whose works included The House by the Side of the Road and The Coming American.
Mar 1 Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff a Dutch physical and organic chemist and the first winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He is best known for his discoveries in chemical kinetics, chemical equilibrium, osmotic pressure, and stereochemistry. Van 't Hoff's work in these subjects helped found the discipline of physical chemistry as it is today
Mar 4 Li Lianying an imperial eunuch during the Qing Dynasty who rose to power during the rule of Empress Dowager Cixi, who was the de facto ruler of China for thirty-nine years from 1869–1908.
Mar 7 Antonio Fogazzaro an Italian novelist.
Mar 11 Ernst Brenner a Swiss politician.
Mar 12 Low Khiok Chiang a successful businessman and prominent Roman Catholic Church philanthropist in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in Singapore, Thailand and China.
Mar 13 John J. Toffey a United States Union Army officer during the American Civil War who received the Medal of Honor.
Mar 15 Aleksandr Verzhbilovich a Russian classical cellist of Polish descent.
Mar 15 William D. Bloxham an American politician. He served as the 13th and 17th Governor of Florida in two non-consecutive terms. Prior to his first term as governor, he served in the Florida House of Representatives
Mar 16 Robert Louis August Maximilian Gürke a German botanist. He usually appears in the literature as Max Gürke
Mar 18 Pavlo Zhytetsky a Ukrainian linguist, philologist, ethnographer and literary historian. He was a member of the Imperial Russian Geographic Society , the Historical Society of Nestor the Chronicler , the Shevchenko Scientific Society , and the Ukrainian Scientific Society in Kyiv a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences , he became the first honorary member of that society in 1908
Mar 23 Reinhard Kekulé von Stradonitz a German archeologist. He has been called the founder of modern iconology. He served as director of the collection of antique sculpture and vases at the Berlin Museum and also as the director of the antiquarium of the Berlin Museum. Kekulé was the nephew of the organic chemist Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz
Mar 23 Oscar Roty one of the most celebrated medallists of the Art Nouveau period.
Mar 24 Dragan Tsankov a Bulgarian politician and the first Liberal Party Prime Minister of the country.
Mar 24 Rodolphe-Madeleine Cleophas Dareste de la Chavanne a French jurist.
Mar 29 Alexandre Guilmant a French organist and composer.
Mar 30 Pyotr Yakubovich a Russian revolutionary, poet and member of Narodnaya Volya during the 1880s. He graduated from the Faculty of History and Philology of Petersburg University. After graduating, he entered the Petersburg Department of Narodnaya Volya. He was an organizer of the "Young People's Will Party" as well as its leader and ideologist
Mar 30 Ellen Swallow Richards an industrial and environmental chemist in the United States during the 19th century. Her pioneering work in sanitary engineering and experimental research in domestic science laid a foundation for the new science of home economics. She was the founder of the home economics movement characterized by the application of science to the home, and the first to apply chemistry to the study of nutrition
Mar 31 Alfred Iverson Jr. a lawyer, an officer in the Mexican-American War, a U.S. Army cavalry officer, and a Confederate general in the American Civil War. He served in the 1862–63 campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia as a regimental and later brigade commander. His career was fatally damaged by a disastrous infantry assault at the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg. General Robert Lee removed Iverson from his army and sent him to cavalry duty in Georgia. During the Atlanta Campaign, he achieved a notable success in a cavalry action near Macon, Georgia, capturing Union Army Maj. Gen. George Stoneman and hundreds of his men