1911 events in history

Jan 1 Northern Territory is separated from South Australia and transferred to Commonwealth control
Jan 2 A gun battle in the East End of London left two dead and sparked a political row over the involvement of then-Home Secretary Winston Churchill
Jan 3 A magnitude 7.7 earthquake destroys the city of Almaty in Russian Turkestan
Jan 5 Kappa Alpha Psi, the world's second oldest and largest black fraternity, is founded at Indiana University
Jan 12 The University of the Philippines College of Law is formally established; three future Philippine presidents are among the first enrollees
Jan 14 Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition makes landfall on the eastern edge of the Ross Ice Shelf
Jan 18 Eugene B. Ely lands on the deck of the USS Pennsylvania stationed in San Francisco Bay, the first time an aircraft landed on a ship
Jan 21 The first Monte Carlo Rally takes place
Jan 24 Japanese anarchist Shūsui Kōtoku is hanged for treason in a case now considered a miscarriage of justice
Jan 26 Glenn H. Curtiss flies the first successful American seaplane
Jan 26 Richard Strauss' opera Der Rosenkavalier receives its debut performance at the Dresden State Opera
Jan 30 The destroyer USS Terry makes the first airplane rescue at sea saving the life of James McCurdy 10 miles from Havana, Cuba
Jan 30 The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy
Feb 18 The first official flight with air mail takes place from Allahabad, United Provinces, British India (now India), when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) away
Mar 8 International Women's Day is launched in Copenhagen, Denmark, by Clara Zetkin, leader of the Women's Office for the Social Democratic Party in Germany
Mar 25 In New York City, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire kills 146 garment workers
Mar 29 The M1911 .45 ACP pistol becomes the official U.S. Army side arm
Apr 2 The Australian Bureau of Statistics conducts the country's first national census
Apr 6 During the Battle of Deçiq, Dedë Gjon Luli Dedvukaj, leader of the Malësori Albanians, raises the Albanian flag in the town of Tuzi, Montenegro, for the first time after George Kastrioti (Skenderbeg)
Apr 8 Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes discovers superconductivity
Apr 22 Tsinghua University, one of mainland China's leading universities, is founded
Apr 27 Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the United States Senate
May 9 The works of Gabriele D'Annunzio placed by the Vatican in the Index of Forbidden Books
May 15 303 Chinese and 5 Japanese immigrants are killed in the Torreón massacre when the forces of the Mexican Revolution led by Francisco I. Madero's brother take the city of Torreón from the Federales
May 15 In Standard Oil Company of New Jersey v. United States, the United States Supreme Court declares Standard Oil to be an "unreasonable" monopoly under the Sherman Antitrust Act and orders the company to be broken up
May 19 Parks Canada, the world's first national park service, is established as the Dominion Parks Branch under the Department of the Interior
May 21 President of Mexico Porfirio Díaz and the revolutionary Francisco Madero sign the Treaty of Ciudad Juárez to put an end to the fighting between the forces of both men, concluding the initial phase of the Mexican Revolution
May 23 The New York Public Library is dedicated
May 30 At the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the first Indianapolis 500 ends with Ray Harroun in his Marmon Wasp becoming the first winner of the 500-mile auto race
May 31 The President of Mexico Porfirio Díaz flees the country during the Mexican Revolution
May 31 The hull of the ocean liner RMS Titanic is launched
Jun 16 A 772 gram stony meteorite strikes the earth near Kilbourn, Wisconsin damaging a barn
Jun 16 IBM founded as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company in Endicott, New York
Jun 19 The Norwegian football club Molde FK was founded
Jun 22 George V and Mary of Teck are crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Jul 1 Germany despatches the gunship Panther to Morocco, sparking the Agadir Crisis
Jul 4 A massive heat wave strikes the northeastern United States, killing 380 people in eleven days and breaking temperature records in several cities
Jul 7 The United States, Great Britain, Japan, and Russia sign the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911 banning open-water seal hunting, the first international treaty to address wildlife preservation issues
Jul 14 Harry Atwood, an exhibition pilot for the Wright Brothers lands his airplane at the South Lawn of the White House. He is later awarded a Gold medal from U.S. President William Howard Taft for this feat
Jul 24 Hiram Bingham III re-discovers Machu Picchu, "the Lost City of the Incas"
Aug 14 United States Senate leaders agree to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the Senate among leading candidates to fill the vacancy left by William P. Frye's death
Aug 21 The Mona Lisa is stolen by a Louvre employee
Aug 29 Ishi, considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, emerges from the wilderness of northeastern California
Sep 1 The armored cruiser Georgios Averof is commissioned into the Greek Navy. It now serves as a museum ship
Sep 7 French poet Guillaume Apollinaire is arrested and put in jail on suspicion of stealing the Mona Lisa from the Louvre museum
Sep 18 Russian Premier Pyotr Stolypin is shot at the Kiev Opera House
Sep 20 White Star Line's RMS Olympic collides with British warship HMS Hawke
Sep 23 Pilot Earle Ovington makes the first official airmail delivery in America under the authority of the United States Post Office Department
Sep 24 His Majesty's Airship No. 1, Britain's first rigid airship, is wrecked by strong winds before her maiden flight at Barrow-in-Furness
Sep 25 Ground is broken for Fenway Park in Boston