Born in 1912

Jan 1 Lev Rebet a Ukrainian political writer and anti-communist during World War He was a key cabinet member in the Ukrainian government which proclaimed independence on June 30, 1941. For a time, Rebet was the leader of the Ukrainian government
Jan 1 Toshia Mori a Japanese born actress, who had a brief career in American films during the 1930s. Born as Toshia Ichioka in Kyoto, Mori moved to the United States when she was ten years old
Jan 1 Matrika Prasad Koirala the Prime Minister of Nepal for two terms.
Jan 1 Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko a Soviet mathematician and a student of Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov. He was born in Simbirsk , Russia, and died in Moscow. He is perhaps best known for his work with Kolmogorov, and his contributions to the study of probability theory, such as the Fisher–Tippett–Gnedenko theorem. Gnedenko was appointed as Head of the Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry Section of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in 1949, and also became Director of the Kiev Institute of Mathematics in the same year
Jan 1 Khertek Anchimaa-Toka a Tuvan/Soviet politician who in 1940–44 was a chairwoman of Little Khural of Tuvan People's Republic, and the first elected or appointed female head of state in the modern world.
Jan 1 Moses Abramovitz an 20th-century American economist and a professor. He was born and raised in Brooklyn, New York. He studied at a local elementary and high school. Abramovitz was an honorable student. His hard work in school paid off when he was accepted into Harvard University. Where he completed his bachelor's degree summa cum laude in economics. He went into Harvard with a thought of becoming a lawyer. He took criminal justice classes as well as economics, however, he was interested more in economics than criminal justice. He was able to learn and connect economics to the world he was living After completing his Bachelor's in Economics, he earned a doctorate at Columbia University in 1939. In 1985, he was awarded honorary doctorate from University of Uppasala in Sweden. After that, in 1991, he was invited to become a fellow of the prestigious Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei in Rome. Where he was awarded another doctrate at University of Ancona in Italy, in 1992. Abramovitz died at Stanford University on December 1, 2000, at the age of 88. He was suffering with gastroenterological
Jan 1 Nikiforos Vrettakos a Greek writer and poet.
Jan 1 Kim Philby a high-ranking member of British intelligence who worked as a double agent before defecting to the Soviet Union in 1963. He served as both an NKVD and KGB operative
Jan 2 Hisakichi Toyoda a Japanese swimmer who competed at the 1932 Summer Olympics. There he won the gold medal in the 4×200 m freestyle relay event. He was born in Yamaguchi, Japan, and is the grandfather of three-time Olympian Kenji Watanabe
Jan 3 Federico Borrell García a Spanish Republican and anarchist militiaman during the Spanish Civil War, commonly thought to be the subject in the famous Robert Capa photo The Falling Soldier.
Jan 3 Betty Radice a literary editor and translator. She became joint editor of Penguin Classics, and vice-president of the Classical Association. Her English translations of classical and medieval Latin texts were published in the mid-twentieth century
Jan 3 Tibor Berczelly a Hungarian fencer. He won three gold and two bronze medals at three Olympic Games
Jan 3 Renaude Lapointe a Canadian journalist and a Senator. She was among the first Canadian women to work as a professional journalist and the first French-Canadian woman to preside over the Senate
Jan 3 Armand Lohikoski an American born - Finnish movie director and writer. He is best known as a director of a number of Pekka ja Pätkä movies
Jan 6 Jacques Ellul a French philosopher, law professor, sociologist, lay theologian, and Christian anarchist. Ellul was a longtime Professor of History and the Sociology of Institutions on the Faculty of Law and Economic Sciences at the University of Bordeaux. A prolific writer, he authored 58 books and more than a thousand articles over his lifetime, many of which discussed propaganda, the impact of technology on society, and the interaction between religion and politics. The dominant theme of his work proved to be the threat to human freedom and religion created by modern technology. Among his most influential books are The Technological Society and Propaganda: The Formation of Men's Attitudes
Jan 6 Hans Richter-Haaser a noted German classical pianist, who was known for his interpretations of Beethoven, Schubert and Schumann. He was also a teacher, a conductor, and a composer
Jan 6 Danny Thomas an American nightclub comedian and television and film actor and producer, whose career spanned five decades. Thomas was best known for starring in the television sitcom Make Room for Daddy. He was also the founder of Jude Children's Research Hospital. He was the father of Marlo Thomas, Terre Thomas, and Tony Thomas
Jan 7 Ivan Yakubovsky a Marshal of the Soviet Union, twice made a Hero of the Soviet Union and serving as commander-in-chief of the Warsaw Pact from 1967 to 1976.
Jan 7 Günter Wand a German orchestra conductor and composer. Wand studied in Wuppertal, Allenstein and Detmold. At the Cologne conservatory, he was a composition student with Philipp Jarnach and a piano student with Paul Baumgartner. He was a conducting pupil of Franz von Hoesslin in Munich, but was otherwise largely self-taught as a conductor. During his 65-year-long career as a conductor, he was honoured with many significant awards, including the German Record Award and the internationally important Diapason d'Or
Jan 7 Charles Addams an American cartoonist known for his darkly humorous and macabre characters. Some of the recurring characters, who became known as The Addams Family, have been the basis for spin-offs in several other forms of media
Jan 8 Arkady Filippenko a Soviet Ukrainian composer.
Jan 8 José Ferrer a Puerto Rican actor, theater, and film director. He was the first Puerto Rican actor, as well as the first Hispanic actor, to win an Academy Award
Jan 8 Tadashi Imai a Japanese film director known for social realist filmmaking informed by a left-wing perspective.
Jan 8 Lawrence Walsh an American lawyer and former U.S. District Court judge and Deputy Attorney General who was appointed Independent Counsel in December 1986 to investigate the Iran–Contra affair during the Reagan Administration
Jan 9 Ralph Tubbs a British architect. Well known amongst the buildings he designed was the Dome of Discovery at the successful Festival of Britain on the South Bank in London in 1951
Jan 10 Maria Mandl believed to have been directly complicit in the deaths of over 500,000 female prisoners.
Jan 11 Don "Red" Barry an American film and television actor. He was nicknamed "Red" after appearing as the first Red Ryder in the highly successful 1940 film Adventures of Red Ryder; the character was played in later films by "Wild Bill" Elliott and Allan Lane. Barry went on to bigger budget films following Red Ryder, but none reached his previous level of success
Jan 12 Richard Kuremaa an Estonian footballer - one of the most famous before World War He played 42 times for Estonia national football team scoring 19 goals. He debuted on 11 June 1933 in game versus Sweden. Until 1995 he was the all-time top scorer in Estonian premier division with 65 goals, but oddly he never won the top scorer award
Jan 12 Trummy Young a trombonist in the swing era. Although he was never really a star or a bandleader himself, he did have one hit with his version of "Margie," which he played and sang with Jimmie Lunceford's orchestra in 1937 on the Decca Records label
Jan 12 Dinmukhamed Konayev a Kazakh Soviet communist politician.
Jan 14 Tillie Olsen an American writer associated with the political turmoil of the 1930s and the first generation of American feminists.
Jan 15 David Milman a Soviet and later Israeli mathematician specializing in functional analysis. He was one of the major figures of the Soviet school of functional analysis. In the 70s he emigrated to Israel and was on the faculty of Tel Aviv University
Jan 15 Michel Debré the first Prime Minister of the French Fifth Republic. He is considered the "father" of the current Constitution of France. He served under President Charles de Gaulle from 1959 to 1962
Jan 15 Horace Lindrum an Australian professional snooker and carom billiards player. He was the great-grandson of Australia's first billiards champion, the grandson of the great billiard coach, Frederick William Lindrum II, and nephew of Frederick William Lindrum III and Walter Lindrum
Jan 16 Willy Kaiser a German boxer who competed in the 1936 Summer Olympics.
Jan 17 Aleksander Sewruk a Polish actor. He appeared in more than 20 films between 1954 and 1974. At the 1st Moscow International Film Festival he won a Silver Medal for acting for his role in the film The Eagle
Jan 18 David Rousset a French writer and political activist, a recipient of Prix Renaudot, a French literary award. Survivor of the Neuengamme concentration camp and the Buchenwald Nazi concentration camp, he is famous for his books about concentration camps
Jan 19 Yaroslav Stetsko the leader of Stepan Bandera's Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists , from 1968 until death. In 1941, during Nazi Germany invasion into the Soviet Union he was self-proclaimed temporary head of the self-proclaimed Ukrainian statehood. Stetsko was the head of the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations from the time of foundation until 1986, the year of his death
Jan 19 Armand Robin a French poet, translator, and journalist.
Jan 19 Leonid Kantorovich a Soviet mathematician and economist, known for his theory and development of techniques for the optimal allocation of resources. He is regarded as the founder of linear programming. He was the winner of the Stalin Prize in 1949 and the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1975
Jan 19 Kurt Brändle a German former Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves during World War The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Jan 20 Walter Briggs Jr. an American Major League Baseball executive. He was owner of the Detroit Tigers for five seasons following the death of his father, Walter Briggs, Sr., in 1952. He graduated from Georgetown University
Jan 21 Alfred Szklarski a Polish author of youth literature. He also published his books as Alfred Bronowski, Fred Garland and Alfred Murawski
Jan 21 Konrad Emil Bloch a German American biochemist. Bloch received the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology in 1964 for discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism
Jan 23 Boris Pokrovsky a Russian opera director, best known as the stage director of the Bolshoi Theatre between 1943 and 1982.
Jan 24 Frederick Ashworth a United States Navy officer who served as the weaponeer on the B-29 Bockscar that dropped a Fat Man atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan on 9 August 1945 during World War II.
Jan 25 Marian Brandys a Polish writer and screenwriter born in Wiesbaden into an assimilated Jewish family of Polish intelligencia. Brandys grew up in Łódź. His father owned a banking establishment. The prosperity allowed Marian, and his younger brother Kazimierz, to attend the best private school for boys anywhere around, sponsored by the merchants' club Zgromadzenie Kupców Miasta Łodzi
Jan 27 Arne Næss a Norwegian philosopher who coined the term deep ecology and was an important intellectual and inspirational figure within the environmental movement of the late twentieth century. Næss cited Rachel Carson's 1962 book Silent Spring as being a key influence in his vision of deep ecology. Næss combined his ecological vision with Gandhian nonviolence and on several occasions participated in direct action
Jan 28 Jackson Pollock an influential American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement. He was well known for his unique style of drip painting
Jan 29 Martha Griffiths an American lawyer and judge before being elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1954. Griffiths was the first woman to serve on the House Committee on Ways and Means and the first woman elected to the United States Congress from Michigan as a member of the Democratic Party. She was also the person "instrumental" in including the prohibition of sex discrimination under Title VII in the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In 1982, Griffiths was also the first female elected as Lieutenant Governor of Michigan