1912 events in history

Jan 4 The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal charter
Jan 5 The Prague Party Conference takes place
Jan 6 New Mexico is admitted to the Union as the 47th U.S. state
Jan 6 German geophysicist Alfred Wegener first presents his theory of continental drift
Jan 8 The African National Congress is founded
Jan 11 Immigrant textile works in Lawrence, Massachusetts, go on strike when wages are reduced in response to a mandated shortening of the work week
Jan 17 Captain Robert Falcon Scott reaches the South Pole, one month after Roald Amundsen
Jan 23 The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague
Feb 12 The Xuantong Emperor, the last Emperor of China, abdicates
Feb 14 In Groton, Connecticut, the first diesel-powered submarine is commissioned
Feb 25 Marie-Adélaïde, the eldest of six daughters of Guillaume IV, becomes the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Mar 1 Albert Berry makes the first parachute jump from a moving airplane
Mar 5 Italo-Turkish War: Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, employing them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines
Mar 6 Italian forces became the first to use airships in war, as two dirigibles dropped bombs on Turkish troops encamped at Janzur, from an altitude of 6,000 feet
Mar 7 Roald Amundsen announces that his expedition had reached the South Pole on December 14, 1911
Mar 12 The Girl Guides (later renamed the Girl Scouts of the USA) are founded in the United States
Mar 16 Lawrence Oates, an ill member of Robert Falcon Scott's South Pole expedition, left his tent to die, saying: "I am just going outside and may be some time."
Mar 30 Sultan Abdelhafid signs the Treaty of Fez, making Morocco a French protectorate
Apr 2 The ill-fated RMS Titanic begins sea trials
Apr 10 RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton, England on her maiden and only voyage
Apr 14 The British passenger liner RMS Titanic hits an iceberg in the North Atlantic at 23:40 (sinks morning of April 15th)
Apr 15 The British passenger liner RMS Titanic sinks in the North Atlantic at 2:20 a.m., two hours and forty minutes after hitting an iceberg. Only 710 of 2,227 passengers and crew on board survive
Apr 16 Harriet Quimby becomes the first woman to fly an airplane across the English Channel
Apr 17 Russian troops open fire on striking goldfield workers in northeast Siberia, killing at least 150
Apr 18 The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City
Apr 20 Opening day for baseball's Tiger Stadium in Detroit, Michigan, and Fenway Park in Boston
Apr 22 Pravda, the "voice" of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, begins publication in Saint Petersburg
May 4 Italy occupies the Greek island of Rhodes
May 8 Paramount Pictures is founded
May 13 The Royal Flying Corps, the forerunner of the Royal Air Force, is established in the United Kingdom
May 18 The first Indian film, Shree Pundalik by Dadasaheb Torne is released in Mumbai
Jun 4 Massachusetts becomes the first state of the United States to set a minimum wage
Jun 6 The eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins. It is the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century
Jun 8 Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures
Jun 10 The Villisca Axe Murders were discovered in Villisca, Iowa
Jun 30 The Regina Cyclone hits Regina, Saskatchewan, killing 28. It remains Canada's deadliest tornado event
Jul 8 Henrique Mitchell de Paiva Couceiro leads an unsuccessful royalist attack against the First Portuguese Republic in Chaves
Jul 30 Japan's Emperor Meiji dies and is succeeded by his son Yoshihito, who is now known as the Emperor Taishō
Aug 6 The Bull Moose Party meets at the Chicago Coliseum
Aug 14 U.S. Marines invade Nicaragua to support the U.S.-backed government installed there after José Santos Zelaya had resigned three years earlier
Aug 25 The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded
Sep 2 Arthur Rose Eldred is awarded the first Eagle Scout award of the Boy Scouts of America
Sep 4 Albanian rebels succeed in their revolt when the Ottoman Empire agrees to fulfill their demands
Sep 25 Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York City
Sep 28 The Ulster Covenant is signed by half a million Ulster Protestants in opposition to the Third Irish Home Rule Bill
Sep 28 Corporal Frank S. Scott of the United States Army becomes the first enlisted man to die in an airplane crash. He and pilot Lt. Lewis C. Rockwell are killed in the crash of an Army Wright Model B at College Park, Maryland
Oct 3 U.S. forces defeat Nicaraguan rebels under the command of Benjamín Zeledón at the Battle of Coyotepe Hill
Oct 7 The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction
Oct 8 First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against the Ottoman Empire
Oct 11 First Balkan War: The Greek Army liberates the city of Kozani