Died in 1913

Jan 2 Hermann Kinkelin a Swiss mathematician and politician.
Jan 2 Léon Teisserenc de Bort a French meteorologist and a pioneer in the field of aerology. Together with Richard Assmann , he is credited as co-discoverer of the stratosphere, as both men announced their discovery during the same time period in 1902. Teisserenc de Bort pioneered the use of unmanned instrumented balloons and was the first to identify the region in the atmosphere around 8-17 kilometers of height where the lapse rate reaches zero, known today as the tropopause
Jan 3 Hjalmar Johansen a polar explorer from Norway. He shipped out with Fridtjof Nansen's Fram expedition in 1893–1896, and accompanied Nansen to notch a new Farthest North record near the North Pole on what was then the frozen Arctic Ocean. Johansen also participated in the expedition of Roald Amundsen to the South Pole in 1910–1912
Jan 4 Benjamin Leigh Smith a British yachtsman and explorer.
Jan 4 Alfred von Schlieffen a German field marshal and strategist who served as Chief of the Imperial German General Staff from 1891 to 1906. His name lived on in the 1905-06 'Schlieffen Plan', then Aufmarsch I, a deployment plan and operational guide for a decisive initial offensive operation/campaign in a one-front war against the French Third Republic
Jan 5 Louis Paul Cailletet a French physicist and inventor.
Jan 5 Lewis A. Swift an American astronomer.
Jan 6 Frederick Hitch an English recipient of the Victoria Cross for his actions at the Battle of Rorke's Drift, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Jan 6 Anton Schott a German dramatic tenor. He was an army officer before turning to a musical career. In 1871 he began his studies with Agnes Schebest-Strauss, and by the end of the year had already appeared at the Munich Opera. The following year saw him engaged as leading lyric tenor of the Berlin Opera. In 1880 he made his London debut, in the title role of Rienzi; two years later he went to Italy with Angelo Neumann's company to appear in the works of Richard Wagner. He made his American debut at the Metropolitan Opera on November 17, 1884, singing the title role of Wagner's Tannhäuser; it marked the beginning of Leopold Damrosch's first season of German opera with the company. He remained with the company until 1887, and subsequently was heard in guest performances with European and South American companies. He also gave concerts. Schott died in 1913
Jan 7 Jack Boyle an American catcher and first baseman in Major League Baseball. His younger brother, Eddie Boyle, played in 1896
Jan 19 George C. Pendleton a Democratic politician who served as Texas State Representative and Speaker, Lieutenant Governor of Texas, and U.S. Representative from the 7th District of Texas
Jan 20 José Guadalupe Posada a Mexican political printmaker and engraver whose work has influenced many Latin American artists and cartoonists because of its satirical acuteness and social engagement.
Jan 21 Aluísio Azevedo a Brazilian novelist, caricaturist, diplomat, playwright and short story writer. Initially a Romantic writer, he would later adhere to the Naturalist movement. He introduced the Naturalist movement in Brazil with the novel O Mulato, in 1881
Jan 23 Frederick Holman (swimmer) a British breaststroke swimmer from Dawlish, Devon, who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 27 Robert Collett a Norwegian zoologist. He worked with vertebrates, primarily fishes. From 1864 he was curator at the Zoological Museum in Oslo. In 1882 he became its director and from 1884 was a professor there. He described many new species of fish, spiders and other organisms
Jan 27 Archduke Rainer Ferdinand of Austria an Austrian prime minister. He was a son of Archduke Rainer Joseph of Austria and Princess Elisabeth of Savoy
Feb 2 Gustaf de Laval a Swedish engineer and inventor who made important contributions to the design of steam turbines and dairy machinery.
Feb 2 Hans Hildebrand a Swedish archeologist. Born in Stockholm, he was the son of Bror Emil Hildebrand and Anna Mathilda Ekecrantz. He was the brother of Emil Hildebrand, and in 1867 married Elin Maria Charlotta Martin
Feb 4 Franz Xaver Nagl a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Archbishop of Vienna.
Feb 9 Manuel Enrique Araujo President of El Salvador from 1 March 1911 through 8 February 1913.
Feb 10 Konstantinos Tsiklitiras a Greek athlete and Olympic champion.
Feb 17 Joaquin Miller a colorful American poet and frontiersman. He is nicknamed the "Poet of the Sierras" after the Sierra Nevada, about which he wrote in his Songs of the Sierras
Feb 18 George Washington Custis Lee the eldest son of Robert Lee and Mary Anna Custis Lee. His grandfather—George Washington Custis—was the step-grandson and adopted son of George Washington. He served as a Confederate general in the American Civil War, primarily as an aide-de-camp to President Jefferson Davis, and succeeded his father as president of Washington and Lee University in Lexington, Virginia
Feb 18 Anastasia Vyaltseva a Russian mezzo-soprano operetta singer renowned for her beauty and extravagance. She specialized in Gypsy art songs. Vyaltseva was born in Trubchevsk, went to school in Kiev, where she started her operetta career before moving to Moscow and then to Saint Petersburg. Despite continuous touring and regular concerts in both Russian major cities, she continued to perform in the operettas. She sang in opera too, appearing in the Mariyinsky Theatre, as Carmen , Amneris Aida by Giuseppe Verdi, Dalila. The biggest star of the Russian popular music scene of the 1900s, Vyaltseva made several successful tours across the Russian Empire before succumbing to leukemia. She had more than 300 numbers in her repertoire; one of her biggest hits was the song "I Fall in and out of Love at Will"
Feb 20 Robert von Lieben a notable Austrian physicist.
Feb 22 Ferdinand de Saussure a Swiss linguist and semiotician whose ideas laid a foundation for many significant developments both in linguistics and semiology in the 20th century. He is widely considered one of the fathers of 20th-century linguistics and one of two major fathers of semiotics/semiology
Feb 22 Empress Dowager Longyu None
Feb 22 Francisco I. Madero a Mexican statesman, writer, and revolutionary who served as the 33rd president of Mexico from 1911 until his assassination in 1913. An advocate for social justice and democracy, Madero was instrumental in creating the revolutionary movement that began in 1910 and led to the fall of the dictatorship of then-president, Porfirio Diaz
Feb 23 Jimmy Sinclair a South African cricketer who played in 25 Tests from 1896 to 1911.
Feb 24 Wilhelm Kress an aviation pioneer and an early aircraft designer.
Feb 26 Felix Draeseke a composer of the "New German School" admiring Liszt and Richard Wagner. He wrote compositions in most forms including eight operas and stage works, four symphonies, and much vocal and chamber music
Feb 27 Adam Sedgwick (zoologist) a British zoologist and Professor of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy, Imperial College, London, and a great nephew of the renowned geologist Adam Sedgwick.
Feb 27 William Henry White a prolific British warship designer and Chief Constructor at the Admiralty.
Feb 28 George Finnegan an American bantamweight and flyweight boxer who competed in the early twentieth century.
Mar 6 Paul Friedrich August Ascherson a German botanist. His author citation is Asch., although Aschers. has been used in the past
Mar 7 Pauline Johnson a Canadian writer and performer popular in the late 19th century. Johnson was notable for her poems and performances that celebrated her First Nations heritage; her father was a Mohawk chief of mixed ancestry, and her mother an English immigrant. One such poem is the frequently anthologized "The Song My Paddle Sings"
Mar 10 Harriet Tubman an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy during the American Civil War. Born into slavery, Tubman escaped and subsequently made about thirteen missions to rescue approximately seventy enslaved family and friends, using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. She later helped John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry, and in the post-war era struggled for women's suffrage
Mar 11 Andrey Vilkitsky a Russian hydrographer and surveyor. His son, Boris Vilkitsky followed up his father's work; the Vilkitsky Islands are named after him
Mar 13 Thomas Krag a Norwegian novelist, playwright and writer of short stories. He was born in Kragerø, grew up in Kristiansand, and settled in Copenhagen. Some of his books were bestsellers in Denmark when they were published, but today Krag is more or less sunk into oblivion
Mar 13 Ernst Georg Ravenstein a German-English geographer cartographer and promoter of physical exercise. As a geographer he was less of a traveller than a researcher; his studies led mainly in the direction of cartography and the history of geography
Mar 18 George I of Greece King of Greece from 1863 until his death in 1913.
Mar 18 Louis André France's Minister of War from 1900 until 1904. Loyal to the laïque Third Republic, he was anti-Catholic, militantly anticlerical, a Freemason and was implicated in the Affaire Des Fiches, a scandal in which he received reports from Masonic groups on which army officers were practicing Catholics for the purpose of denying their promotions
Mar 20 John Yarker an English Freemason, author, and occultist. He was born in Swindale, Shap, Westmorland, in the north of England. He moved with his parents to Lancashire and on to Manchester in 1849. Ηe was descended from Reinhold Yarker de Laybourne who flourished in the mid seventeenth century
Mar 20 William Ayerst Ingram a painter and member of the Newlyn School. He did notable Landscape art and Marine art. In 1906 he joined the Royal Institute of Oil Painters and in 1907 he joined the Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours
Mar 22 Song Jiaoren a Chinese republican revolutionary, political leader and a founder of the Kuomintang. He was assassinated in 1913 after leading his Kuomintang party to victory in China's first democratic elections. Evidence strongly implied that China's provisional president, Yuan Shikai, was responsible for his assassination
Mar 22 Pietro Respighi S.T.D. JUD was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Archpriest of the Basilica of John Lateran
Mar 24 Pavel Jacobi a Russian socialist, member of the Land and Liberty society, ethnographer and physician. He was a pioneer of the Pinel reforms of psychiatry in Russia, credited to be first who formulated all the principles for the new paradigm in the organizational psychiatry
Mar 25 Garnet Wolseley 1st Viscount Wolseley an Anglo-Irish officer in the British Army. He served in Burma, the Crimean War, the Indian Mutiny, China, Canada, and widely throughout Africa — including his Ashanti campaign and the Nile Expedition against Mahdist Sudan in 1884–85. He served as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces from 1895 to 1900. His reputation for efficiency led to the late 19th-century English phrase "everything's all Sir Garnet", meaning "all is in order."
Mar 29 Wilhelm Schuppe a German philosopher born in Brieg, Silesia. He advocated what he called 'immanence philosophy'
Mar 29 Theodor Magnus Fries a Swedish botanist and Lichenologist.