1913 events in history

Jan 1 The British Board of Censors is established
Jan 5 First Balkan War: During the Battle of Lemnos, Greek admiral Pavlos Kountouriotis forces the Turkish fleet to retreat to its base within the Dardanelles, from which it did not venture for the rest of the war
Jan 13 Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Incorporated was founded on the campus of Howard University
Jan 17 Raymond Poincaré is elected President of France
Jan 18 First Balkan War: A Greek flotilla defeats the Ottoman Navy in the Naval Battle of Lemnos, securing the islands of the Northern Aegean Sea for Greece
Jan 30 The British House of Lords rejects the Irish Home Rule Bill
Feb 2 Grand Central Terminal is opened in New York City
Feb 3 The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, authorizing the Federal government to impose and collect an income tax
Feb 5 Greek military aviators, Michael Moutoussis and Aristeidis Moraitinis perform the first naval air mission in history, with a Farman MF.7 hydroplane
Feb 9 A group of meteors is visible across much of the eastern seaboard of North and South America, leading astronomers to conclude the source had been a small, short-lived natural satellite of the Earth
Feb 17 The Armory Show opens in New York City, displaying works of artists who are to become some of the most influential painters of the early 20th century
Feb 18 Pedro Lascuráin becomes President of Mexico for 45 minutes; this is the shortest term to date of any person as president of any country
Feb 20 King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra
Feb 21 Ioannina is incorporated into the Greek state after the Balkan Wars
Mar 3 Thousands of women march in a suffrage parade in Washington, D.C
Mar 4 First Balkan War: The Greek army engages the Turks at Bizani, resulting in victory two days later
Mar 4 The United States Department of Labor is formed
Mar 12 Canberra Day: The future capital of Australia is officially named Canberra. (Melbourne remains temporary capital until 1927 while the new capital is still under construction.)
Mar 18 King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki
Mar 20 Sung Chiao-jen, a founder of the Chinese Nationalist Party, is wounded in an assassination attempt and dies 2 days later
Mar 21 Over 360 are killed and 20,000 homes destroyed in the Great Dayton Flood in Dayton, Ohio
Mar 26 Balkan War: Bulgarian forces capture Adrianople
Mar 28 Guatemala becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
Mar 31 The Vienna Concert Society rioted during a performance of modernist music by Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg, Alexander von Zemlinsky, and Anton von Webern, causing a premature end to the concert due to violence; this concert became known as the Skandalkonzert
Apr 4 First Balkan War: Greek aviator Emmanouil Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot to die in the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes
Apr 8 The 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution, requiring direct election of Senators, becomes law
Apr 11 The Nevill Ground's pavilion is destroyed in a suffragette arson attack becoming the only cricket ground to be attacked by suffragettes
Apr 24 The Woolworth Building skyscraper in New York City is opened
May 3 Raja Harishchandra the first full-length Indian feature film is released, marking the beginning of the Indian film industry
May 14 Governor of New York William Sulzer approves the charter for the Rockefeller Foundation, which begins operations with a $100 million donation from John D. Rockefeller
May 29 Igor Stravinsky's ballet score The Rite of Spring receives its premiere performance in Paris, France, provoking a riot
May 30 First Balkan War: the Treaty of London (1913), is signed ending the war. Albania becomes an independent nation
Jun 1 The Greek–Serbian Treaty of Alliance is signed, paving the way for the Second Balkan War
Jun 4 Emily Davison, a suffragette, runs out in front of King George V's horse, Anmer, at the Epsom Derby. She is trampled, never regains consciousness and dies four days later
Jun 15 The Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippines ends
Jun 19 Natives Land Act, 1913 in South Africa implemented
Jun 23 Second Balkan War: The Greeks defeat the Bulgarians in the Battle of Doiran
Jun 24 Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria
Jun 25 American Civil War veterans begin arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913
Jul 3 Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors
Jul 4 President Woodrow Wilson addresses American Civil War veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913
Jul 10 Death Valley, California, hits 134 °F (57 °C), the highest temperature recorded in the United States
Jul 12 Second Balkan War: Serbian forces begin their siege of the Bulgarian city of Vidin; the siege is later called off when the war ends
Jul 29 The Norwegian football club Vålerenga Fotball was founded
Jul 31 The Balkan States sign an armistice in Bucharest
Aug 3 A major labour dispute, known as the Wheatland Hop Riot, starts in Wheatland, California
Aug 10 Second Balkan War: delegates from Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece sign the Treaty of Bucharest, ending the war
Aug 13 First production in the UK of stainless steel by Harry Brearley
Aug 13 Otto Witte, an acrobat, is purportedly crowned King of Albania
Aug 16 Completion of the Royal Navy battlecruiser HMS Queen Mary