Born in 1914

Jan 1 Takeo Hatanaka a Japanese radio astronomer. He founded the Nobeyama Radio Observatory
Jan 2 Vivian Stuart a British writer from 1953 to 1986. She published under different pen names: her romantic novels as Vivian Stuart, Alex Stuart, Barbara Allen, Fiona Finlay, and Robyn Stuart, her military sagas as V.A. Stuart, and her historical saga as William Stuart Long
Jan 2 Noor Inayat Khan an Allied SOE agent during the Second World War who was posthumously awarded the George Cross, the highest civilian decoration in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth nations.
Jan 3 Madman Muntz an American businessman and engineer who sold and promoted cars and consumer electronics in the United States from the 1930s until his death in 1987. He was a pioneer in television commercials with his oddball "Madman" persona – an alter ego who generated publicity with his unusual costumes, stunts, and outrageous claims. Muntz also pioneered car stereos by creating the Muntz Stereo-Pak, better known as the 4-track cartridge, a predecessor to the 8-track cartridge developed by Lear Industries
Jan 3 Ernst Bauer (Kapitän zur See) a German naval officer and an U-boat commander in World War He commanded the U-boats U-120 and U-126, sinking 25 ships on five patrols, for a total of 118,560 long tons of Allied shipping, to stand 22nd on the list of highest scoring U-Boat aces of World War He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 4 Jean-Pierre Vernant a French historian and anthropologist, specialist in ancient Greece. Influenced by Claude Lévi-Strauss, Vernant developed a structuralist approach to Greek myth, tragedy, and society which would itself be influential among classical scholars. He was an honorary professor at the Collège de France
Jan 4 Herman Franks a catcher, coach, manager, general manager and scout in American Major League Baseball. He was born in Price, Utah, to Italian-American immigrant parents and attended the University of Utah
Jan 5 Brunó Ferenc Straub a biochemist. As a young scholar he was a research assistant of Albert Szent-Györgyi at the University of Szeged, and subsequently worked at the Molteno Institute, Cambridge, He is credited with the discovery of actin. He founded the Biological Research Centre in Szeged. He was the Chairman of the Hungarian Presidential Council from June 29, 1988 to October 18, 1989. He proposed the theory of conformational selection in 1964; the same year the MWC model was proposed
Jan 5 Nicolas de Staël a painter known for his use of a thick impasto and his highly abstract landscape painting. He also worked with collage, illustration and textiles
Jan 5 George Reeves an American actor best known for his role as Superman in the 1950s television program Adventures of Superman.
Jan 6 Godfrey Edward Arnold an Austrian American professor of medicine and researcher. His studies centered on speech, speech disorder and clinical communicology
Jan 7 Bobby McDermott an American professional basketball player in the 1930s and 1940s. He was known as an outstanding shooter and has been called "the greatest long-distance shooter in the history of the game" by contemporaries
Jan 8 Hermann Pilnik a German Argentine chess Grandmaster.
Jan 9 Kenny Clarke a jazz drummer and bandleader. He was a major innovator of the bebop style of drumming. As the house drummer at Minton's Playhouse in the early 1940s, he participated in the after hours jams that led to the birth of Be-Bop, which in turn led to modern jazz. While in New York, he played with the major innovators of the emerging bop style, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Thelonious Monk, Curly Russell and others, as well as musicians of the prior generation, including Sidney Bechet. He spent his later life in Paris
Jan 9 Adolf Urban a German footballer. Urban, a forward, played for Schalke 04, among others, and made 21 appearances for Germany between 1935 and 1941, scoring 11 goals. He died in 1943 in Staraya Russa, fighting in World War He was the only member of the Breslau Eleven to die in combat
Jan 10 Yu Kuo-hwa the Premier of the Republic of China from 1984 to 1989.
Jan 10 Pierre Cogan a French professional cyclist who competed between the 1930s and the 1950s.
Jan 11 Günther Heydemann a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 11 Robin Lindsay a British field hockey player who competed in the 1948 Summer Olympics.
Jan 11 Paul Valcke a Belgian fencer. He won a bronze medal in the team foil event at the 1948 Summer Olympics
Jan 13 Ted Willis Baron Willis a British playwright, novelist and screenwriter who was also politically active in support of the Labour Party. He was listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the world's most prolific writer for television, and also wrote 34 stage plays and 39 feature films
Jan 14 Gaetano Alibrandi a senior papal diplomat and former Personal Secretary to Giovanni Battista Cardinal Montini.
Jan 14 Selahattin Ülkümen a Turkish diplomat and consul in Rhodes during the Second World War, who assisted many local Jews to escape the Holocaust. In 1989 Israel recognized him as among the Righteous Among the Nations and listed his name at Yad Vashem
Jan 14 Harold Russell a Canadian-American World War II veteran who became one of only two non-professional actors to win an Academy Award for acting. Russell also holds the unique honor of receiving two Academy Awards for the same role
Jan 14 Alexey Perelet a Soviet pilot who was the principal test pilot for military aircraft prototypes produced by Tupolev during World War Perelet was born in Voronky, Ukraine and started his test pilot career in 1943, working for the Tupolev aerospace and defense company. He tested and flew the following planes: Tu-4, TU-10, Tu-16, TU-77, TU-82, TU-85 and TU-95. Perelet died on May 11, 1953 in a crash while testing the TU-95/1 plane
Jan 15 Stefan Bałuk a Polish Military General, best known as one of the last surviving members of the Cichociemni paratroops.
Jan 15 Etty Hillesum a Jewish woman whose letters and diaries, kept between 1941 and 1943, describe life in Amsterdam during the German occupation. They were published posthumously in 1981
Jan 15 Gyula Kluger a Hungarian chess master.
Jan 15 Erich Würdemann a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 15 Hugh Trevor-Roper an English scholar and historian of early modern Britain and Nazi Germany and Regius Professor of Modern History at Oxford University.
Jan 16 Roger Wagner an American choral musician, administrator and educator.
Jan 17 Irving Brecher a screenwriter who wrote for the Marx Brothers; he was the only writer to get sole credit on a Marx Brothers film including At the Circus in 1939 and Go West in 1940. He was also one of the numerous uncredited writers on the screenplay of 1939's The Wizard of Some of his other screenplays were Shadow of the Thin Man , Ziegfeld Follies and Bye Bye Birdie
Jan 17 Anacleto Angelini an Italian born, Chilean businessman. At the time of his death, he was South America's wealthiest person, with an estimated net worth of USD $6 billion. He was chairman at Antarchile, one of Latin America's largest conglomerates
Jan 17 Théo Lefèvre a lawyer at the Ghent court of justice. In 1946 he became deputy of the Belgian parliament for the PSC-CVP. Between 25 April 1961 and 28 July 1965 he was the 39th Prime Minister of Belgium
Jan 17 Luis de la Fuente one of the most successful Mexican footballers of all time. Born in the state of Veracruz on January 17, 1914, he was one of the most successful players to represent Aztec soccer in the world arena
Jan 17 William Stafford (poet) an American poet and pacifist, and the father of poet and essayist Kim Stafford. He was appointed the twentieth Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1970
Jan 18 Arno Schmidt a German author and translator. Although little known outside of German-speaking areas, as his works present formidable challenges to translators, and not one of the popular favourites in Germany, critics and writers often consider him to be one of the most important German-language writers of the 20th century
Jan 18 Vitomil Zupan a post-World War II modernist Slovene writer and Gonars concentration camp survivor. Because of his detailed descriptions of sex and violence, he was called Slovene Hemingway, and was compared to Henry Miller. He is best known for Menuet za kitaro describing the years he spent in Slovene Partisans. In Titoist Yugoslavia he was sentenced to 18 years in a show trial, and upon his release in 1955 his works could only be published under a pseudonym Langus. He is considered one of the most important Slovene writers
Jan 19 Bob Gerard a racing driver and businessman from England. He participated in numerous top-level motor racing events on either side of World War II, including eight World Championship Formula One Grands Prix, scoring no championship points
Jan 20 Prince Vsevolod Ivanovich of Russia a great-great-grandson of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia and a nephew of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia. He was the last male member of the Romanov family born in Imperial Russia. He was a distant cousin and godson of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia
Jan 21 Aldo Vidussoni an Italian lawyer and Fascist politician.
Jan 21 Myer S. Kripke an American rabbi, scholar, and philanthropist. He was based in Omaha, Nebraska
Jan 22 Dimitris Dragatakis a Greek composer of classical music.
Jan 22 Jacques Nguyễn Văn Mầu a Vietnamese bishop of the Roman Catholic Church.
Jan 23 Louis Prince Napoléon the pretender to the Imperial throne of France of the Bonaparte dynasty from 1926 until his death.
Jan 23 Pina Carmirelli an Italian violinist.
Jan 25 William Strickland (conductor) an American conductor and organist.
Jan 25 Albrecht Achilles (Korvettenkapitän) a German U-boat commander in World War II and commander of U-161. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership
Jan 26 Princess Durru Shehvar the daughter of the third marriage of Abdülmecid II of the Ottoman Empire, Commander of the Faithful and Successor of the Prophet of the Lord of the Universe, and the last heir apparent to the Imperial Ottoman throne and the last Caliph of the Muslim world. She held the titles of Princess of Berar and Imperial Princess of the Ottoman Empire
Jan 26 Kaye Webb a British journalist and publisher.