Died in 1914

Jan 3 Raoul Pugno a French composer, teacher, organist, and pianist known for his playing of Mozart's works.
Jan 8 Simon Bolivar Buckner an American soldier and politician who fought in the United States Army in the Mexican–American War and in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He later served as the 30th Governor of Kentucky
Jan 11 Carl Jacobsen a Danish brewer, art collector and philanthropist, the son of C. Jacobsen, who founded the brewery Carlsberg and named it after him. His wife Ottilia Marie Jacobsen, née Stegmann , whom he met during a business trip to Edinburgh in Scotland later marrying in Copenhagen on 24 September 1874, was almost as famous as himself within the contemporary arts community in Denmark. She was the daughter of the Danish grain merchant Conrad Stegmann and wife Louise Marie, née Brummer
Jan 16 Itō Sukeyuki a career officer and admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy in Meiji-period Japan.
Jan 19 Georges Picquart a French army officer and Minister of War. He is best known for his role in the Dreyfus Affair
Jan 20 Harry Rosenbusch Heinrich/Harry Rosenbusch, Karl Heinrich/Harry Rosenbusch, or F. Rosenbusch was a German petrographer
Jan 21 Theodor Kittelsen a Norwegian artist. He is one of the most popular artists in Norway. Kittelsen became famous for his nature paintings, as well as for his illustrations of fairy tales and legends, especially of trolls
Jan 22 Frederik Rung a Danish composer, the son of Henrik Rung. He was conductor Madrigal Choir of the Caeciliaforening of Copenhagen, and Grieg dedicated to this choir and its conductor his Two religious choral pieces of 1898
Jan 22 Mikhail Botkin a Russian painter, engraver, art collector, archaeologist and philanthropist. Vasily Botkin, the writer, and Sergey Botkin, the physician, were his brothers
Jan 24 David Gill (astronomer) known for measuring astronomical distances, for astrophotography, and for geodesy. He spent much of his career in South Africa
Jan 26 Leo Mechelin a Finnish professor, statesman, senator and liberal reformer. A leading defender of the autonomy of the Grand Duchy of Finland, and of the rights of women and minorities, Mechelin's 1905–1908 government made Finland the first nation in the world with the universal right to vote and to be elected. His period in office also saw the introduction of the freedom of expression, the press, and of assembly
Jan 26 Jane Morris an English artists' model who embodied the Pre-Raphaelite ideal of beauty. She was a model and muse to the artists William Morris, whom she married, and Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Jan 28 Shelby Moore Cullom a U.S. political figure, serving in various offices, including the United States House of Representatives, the United States Senate and the 17th Governor of Illinois.
Jan 29 Henry Holland 1st Viscount Knutsford a British Conservative politician, best known for serving as Secretary of State for the Colonies from 1887 to 1892.
Jan 30 Paul Déroulède a French author and politician, one of the founders of the nationalist League of Patriots.
Jan 31 Casimiro Gennari an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and was former Prefect of the Congregation of the Council.
Feb 1 Albert Günther a German-born British zoologist, ichthyologist, and herpetologist. Günther is currently ranked the second-most productive reptile taxonomist with more than 340 reptile species described
Feb 1 Alexander Dodonov a Russian opera singer. Vocally, he is best described as a lyrical and dramatic tenor
Feb 1 Georgi Skalon a Russian Empire Governor-general of Warsaw and the commander-in-chief of the Warsaw Military District from 1905 to 1914.
Feb 1 Ludwig von Sarnthein an Austrian government administrator and botanist.
Feb 4 Frederick Lorz an American long distance runner who won the 1905 Boston Marathon. Lorz is also known for his "finish" in the marathon at the 1904 Summer Olympics
Feb 4 Sigmund Mogulesko a singer, actor, and composer in the Yiddish theater in New York City. He was born in Kalarash, Bessarabia and began singing in the local synagogue choir. Before reaching adolescence, he was paid nearly three times what teachers made, to sing in the synagogue of Chişinău. He moved on to Bucharest, Romania, where he was paid to sing in churches as well as synagogues, and started acting
Feb 7 Joseph Auguste Émile Vaudremer a French architect. He won the prix de Rome and designed several public buildings in France, particularly in Paris
Feb 11 Alexander Ross Clarke a British geodesist, primarily remembered for his calculation of the Principle Triangulation of Britain , the calculation of the Figure of the Earth and one of the most important text books of Geodesy.
Feb 13 Alphonse Bertillon a French police officer and biometrics researcher who applied the anthropological technique of anthropometry to law enforcement creating an identification system based on physical measurements. Anthropometry was the first scientific system used by police to identify criminals. Before that time, criminals could only be identified by name or photograph. The method was eventually supplanted by fingerprinting
Feb 16 Princess Maria Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg the eldest daughter of Maximilian de Beauharnais, 3rd Duke of Leuchtenberg and his wife Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia.
Feb 16 Aoki Shūzō a diplomat and Foreign Minister in Meiji period Japan.
Feb 22 Mariano Trías considered to be the first de facto Philippine Vice President of that revolutionary government established at the Tejeros Convention - an assembly of Philippine revolutionary leaders that elected officials of the revolutionary movement against the colonial government of Spain. When that assembly broke into factions, a truce known as the Pact of Biak-na-Bato was signed by the group and also recognized the elected officials and Trias as the vice president of Emilio Aguinaldo, who is also considered to be the first President of the Philippines. With the promulgation of the Malolos Constitution by the Malolos Convention, the First Philippine Republic was born. Under this Aguinaldo administration, Trias served in the cabinet as the Minister of War and Finance
Feb 22 Thillaiaadi Valliammai a South African Tamil woman who worked with Mahatma Gandhi in her early years when she developed her nonviolent methods in South Africa fighting its apartheid regime.
Feb 23 Alexander Alexanderovich Lieven a vice admiral in the Imperial Russian Navy.
Feb 24 Eugène Balme a French shooter who competed at the 1900 Summer Olympics and 1908 Summer Olympics.
Feb 24 Joshua Chamberlain an American college professor from the State of Maine, who volunteered during the American Civil War to join the Union Army. Although having no earlier education in military strategies, he became a highly respected and decorated Union officer, reaching the rank of brigadier general. For his gallantry at Gettysburg, he was awarded the Medal of Honor. He was given the honor of commanding the Union troops at the surrender ceremony for the infantry of Robert Lee's Army at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. After the war, he entered politics as a Republican and served four one-year terms of office as the 32nd Governor of Maine. He served on the faculty, and as president, of his alma mater, Bowdoin College
Feb 25 John Tenniel an English illustrator, graphic humourist and political cartoonist whose work was prominent during the second half of the 19th century. Tenniel is considered important to the study of that period’s social, literary, and art histories. Tenniel was knighted by Victoria for his artistic achievements in 1893
Feb 26 Pierre Souvestre a French lawyer, journalist, writer and organizer of motor races. He is mostly remembered today for his co-creation with Marcel Allain of the fictional arch-villain and master criminal Fantômas. He was born in Plomelin, a commune in Finistère, Brittany
Mar 1 Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound 4th Earl of Minto a British nobleman and politician who served as Governor General of Canada, the eighth since Canadian Confederation, and as Viceroy and Governor-General of India, the country's 17th.
Mar 1 Jorge Newbery an Argentine aviator, civil servant, engineer and scientist of North American descent. His father, Ralph Newbery , emigrated from Long Island to Argentina after the American Civil War. Along with Alberto Braniff and Jorge Chávez, Jorge Newbery was one of the first Latin American aircraft pilots. He was also an engineer, and is considered to be the architect and founder of the Argentine Air Force
Mar 1 Tor Aulin a Swedish violinist, conductor and composer.
Mar 4 Georg von Kopp a German Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Bishop of Fulda and Prince-Bishop of Breslau.He was known for his anti-Polish views and pursued Germanization of his Polish parishioners.
Mar 5 Georgy Sedov a Russian Arctic explorer.
Mar 12 George Westinghouse an American entrepreneur and engineer who invented the railway air brake and was a pioneer of the electrical industry. Westinghouse was one of Thomas Edison's main rivals in the early implementation of the American electricity system. Westinghouse's electricity system ultimately prevailed over Edison's insistence on direct current. In 1911 Westinghouse received the AIEE's Edison Medal "For meritorious achievement in connection with the development of the alternating current system."
Mar 13 Hakeem Noor-ud-Din a close companion of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad the founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam, and was elected as his first successor on May 27, 1908, a day after his death, becoming Khalifatul Masih I, head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. He was a renowned physician, and was also an active writer, theologian, and scholar of Arabic and Hebrew
Mar 13 John L. Leal a physician and water treatment expert who, in 1908, was responsible for conceiving and implementing the first disinfection of a U.S. drinking water supply using chlorine. He was one of the principal expert witnesses at two trials which examined the quality of the water supply in Jersey City, New Jersey, and which evaluated the safety and utility of chlorine for production of "pure and wholesome" drinking water. The second trial verdict approved the use of chlorine to disinfect drinking water which led to an explosion of its use in water supplies of the U.S
Mar 16 Gaston Calmette a French journalist and newspaper editor.
Mar 16 John Murray (oceanographer) a pioneering Scottish oceanographer, marine biologist and limnologist.
Mar 16 Edward S. Holden an American astronomer and the fifth president of the University of California.
Mar 16 Charles Albert Gobat a Swiss lawyer, educational administrator, and politician who jointly received the Nobel Peace Prize with Élie Ducommun in 1902 for their leadership of the Permanent International Peace Bureau.
Mar 17 Antun Gustav Matoš a Croatian poet, short story writer, journalist, essayist and travelogue writer. He is considered the champion of Croatian modernist literature, opening Croatia to the currents of European modernism
Mar 18 Adolph Francis Alphonse Bandelier named.
Mar 19 Giuseppe Mercalli an Italian volcanologist and Catholic priest. He is best remembered for the Mercalli intensity scale for measuring earthquakes which is still used today
Mar 23 Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès a Lebanese Maronite saint canonized by Pope John Paul II on June 10, 2001.