Died in 1915

Jan 2 Armand Peugeot a French industrialist, pioneer of the automobile industry and the founder of the French firm Peugeot.
Jan 3 James Elroy Flecker an English poet, novelist and playwright. As a poet he was most influenced by the Parnassian poets
Jan 4 Anton von Werner a German painter in the Kingdom of Prussia.
Jan 7 Thomas Keefer a Canadian civil engineer.
Jan 8 Sandy Cowan a Canadian lacrosse player who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 9 Charles Chanoine a French military officer who played an important role in the Far East, and later became Minister of War.
Jan 9 Gotthardt Kuehl a German painter and a representative of early German Impressionism. He gained wide international recognition during his lifetime
Jan 11 Zygmunt Miłkowski Polish romantic writer and politician who struggled for independence of Poland as leader of Polish Union. He became a member of the Serbian Learned Society in 1869, the society which preceded the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Jan 13 Mary Slessor a Scottish missionary to Nigeria. Her work and strong personality allowed her to be trusted and accepted by the locals while spreading Christianity, protecting native children and promoting women's rights
Jan 14 Richard Meux Benson a priest in the Church of England and founder of the Society of John the Evangelist, the first religious order of monks in the Anglican Communion since the Reformation. He is commemorated in the Calendar of Saints of the Anglican Church of Canada on 15 January and of the Episcopal Church on 16 January
Jan 15 Nikolay Umov a Russian physicist and mathematician known for discovering the concept of Umov-Poynting vector and Umov effect.
Jan 15 George Nares a British naval officer and Arctic explorer. He commanded the first ship to pass through the Suez Canal, the Challenger Expedition and the British Arctic Expedition. He was highly thought of as a leader and scientific explorer. In later life he worked for the Board of Trade and as Acting Conservator of the River Mersey, and died in 1915 aged 83
Jan 16 Arkady Abaza a Russian composer, journalist and pianist. He studied in Petersburg with Alexander Dreyschock for fortepiano and singing in the class of Camille Everardi. Later he was an associate of Hans von Bulow. He taught and was director of a music school in Sumakh and then in Kursk. Among his students, at Kursk, was Nikolai Roslavets
Jan 16 Pierre Gaspard (mountaineer) a French mountain climber, one of the greatest mountain guides in the silver age of alpinism. He made the first ascent of La Meije on 16 August 1877 with his son and Emmanuel Boileau de Castelnau. Their ascent followed the south buttress Arête du Promontoire, which became the "normal route"
Jan 17 Ida Aalberg the most notable and internationally known Finnish actress of her time.
Jan 18 Anatoly Stessel a Russian baron of German descent, military leader, and general responsible for the fall of Port Arthur to the Japanese on January 2, 1905.
Jan 19 Anna Leonowens an Anglo-Indian or Indian-born British travel writer, educator, and social activist.
Jan 19 Thomas Herbst (painter) a German impressionist painter and founding member of the Hamburgischer Künstlerklub.
Jan 20 Jakob Schipper a German-Austrian philologist and English scholar.
Jan 22 Scipione Tecchi J.C.D. S.T.D. was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Prefect of the Congregation of Rites
Jan 24 Arthur Auwers a German astronomer. Auwers was born in Göttingen to Gottfried Daniel Auwers and Emma Christiane Sophie
Jan 24 Jan Hřímalý an influential Czech violinist and teacher, who was associated with the Moscow Conservatory for 46 years 1869–1915.
Jan 24 William Shakespear (explorer) an English civil servant and explorer who mapped uncharted areas of Northern Arabia and made the first official British contact with Ibn Sa'ud, future king of Saudi Arabia. He was the military adviser to Ibn Saud from 1910 to 1915, when he was shot and killed in the Battle of Jarrab by one of Ibn Rashid's men
Jan 26 Akaki Tsereteli a prominent Georgian poet and national liberation movement figure.
Feb 3 John Chilembwe a Baptist pastor and educator, who trained as a minister in the United States, returning to Nyasaland in 1901. He was an early figure in the resistance to colonialism, in Nyasaland , opposing both the treatment of Africans working in agriculture on European-owned plantations and the colonial government's failure to promote the social and political advancement of Africans. Soon after the outbreak of the First World War, Chilembwe organised an unsuccessful uprising against colonial rule. Today, Chilembwe is celebrated as a hero for independence, and John Chilembwe Day is observed annually on January 15 in Malawi
Feb 4 Mary Elizabeth Braddon an English popular novelist of the Victorian era. She is best known for her 1862 sensation novel Lady Audley's Secret
Feb 5 Ross Barnes one of the stars of baseball's National Association and the early National League , playing second base and shortstop. He played for the dominant Boston Red Stockings teams of the early 1870s, along with Albert Spalding, Cal McVey, George Wright, Harry Wright, Jim O'Rourke, and Deacon White. Despite playing for these star-studded teams, many claim that Ross was the most valuable to his teams
Feb 7 Cemile Sultan an Ottoman princess, daughter of Sultan Abdülmecid I and his wife Düzdidil Hanımefendi, the daughter of Şıhım Bey Dişan. She was the half sister of Sultans Mehmed VI, Murad V, Abdul Hamid II and Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire
Feb 8 François Langelier a Canadian lawyer, professor, journalist, politician, the tenth Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, and author. He was born in Sainte-Rosalie, Lower Canada and died in Spencerwood, Quebec
Feb 11 August Klostermann a German Lutheran theologian.
Feb 12 Émile Waldteufel a French pianist, conductor and composer of dance music.
Feb 12 Fanny Crosby an American mission worker, poet, lyricist, and composer. A member of the Sixth Avenue Bible Baptist Church in Brooklyn, NY, she wrote many hymns together with her pastor, Robert Lowry. She was one of the most prolific hymnists in history, writing over 8,000 hymns and gospel songs, with over 100 million copies printed. This is despite her being blind from shortly after birth. Crosby is also known for her teaching, and her rescue mission work. By the end of the 19th century, she was "a household name"
Feb 15 Hafiz Hakki Pasha a General of the Ottoman Empire military.
Feb 15 Émile Amagat a French physicist. His doctoral thesis, published in 1872, expanded on the work of Thomas Andrews, and included plots of the isotherms of carbon dioxide at high pressures. Amagat published a paper in 1877 that contradicted the current understanding at the time, concluding that the coefficient of compressibility of fluids decreased with increasing pressure. He continued to publish data on isotherms for a number of different gases between 1879 and 1882, and invented the hydraulic manometer, which was able to withstand up to 3200 atmospheres, as opposed to 400 atmospheres using a glass apparatus. In 1880 he published his Law of Partial Volumes
Feb 16 Alfred Kowalski a Polish painter of the Munich School, one of the most popular among Józef Brandt and Władysław Czachórski.
Feb 16 Aleksei Birilev an admiral in the Imperial Russian Navy, a member of the State Council and Minister of the Navy in the Imperial Government.
Feb 16 Enrico Castelnuovo an Italian writer who had an active role in the Italian unification movement.
Feb 17 Stanislaus von Prowazek a Czech zoologist and parasitologist, who along with pathologist Henrique da Rocha Lima discovered the pathogen of epidemic typhus.
Feb 18 Stojan Novaković a Serbian historian, scholar, writer, literary critic, translator, politician and diplomat, holding the post of Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Serbia on two occasions, post of minister of education on three occasions, minister of interior on one occasion and leading the foremost liberal political party of that time in Serbia - Progressive Party. He was also one of the most successful and skilled Serbian diplomats, holding the post of envoy to Constantinople, Vienna and Saint Petersburg
Feb 18 Frank James a Confederate soldier, guerrilla and outlaw. He was the older brother of outlaw Jesse James and was also part of the James–Younger Gang
Feb 19 Gopal Krishna Gokhale one of the founding social and political leaders during the Indian Independence Movement against the British Empire in India. Gokhale was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and founder of the Servants of India Society. Through the Society as well as the Congress and other legislative bodies he served in, Gokhale promoted not only primarily independence from the British Empire but also social reform. To achieve his goals, Gokhale followed two overarching principles: non-violence and reform within existing government institutions
Feb 22 Thor Lange a Danish author.
Feb 23 Robert Smalls an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War, became a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician. He freed himself, his crew and their families from slavery on May 13, 1862, by commandeering a Confederate transport ship, the CSS Planter, in Charleston harbor, and sailing it to freedom beyond the Federal blockade. His example and persuasion helped convince President Lincoln to accept African-American soldiers into the Union Army
Feb 23 Émile Campardon a French historian, archivist and writer. He was an archivist and head of the judicial section of the Archives nationales de France from 1857 to 1908, and the author of numerous books. At the beginning of the 20th century he published Quatrains and Souvenirs d’un archiviste. Intended for a circle of friends these extremely rare volumes contain amusing and impertinent portraits of archivists of the 19th century
Feb 23 Theodore M. Davis best known for his excavations in Egypt's Valley of the Kings between 1902 and 1914.
Feb 25 Charles Edwin Bessey an American botanist.
Feb 27 Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin a Russian mathematician.
Feb 27 Hans von Berlepsch a German ornithologist.
Feb 27 Raphael of Brooklyn born as Raphael Hawaweeny in Beirut, Lebanon, of Damascene Syrian parents of Greek Orthodox Antiochite-Byzantine origin. He was first educated at the Damascus Patriarchal School that had become the leading Greek Orthodox institution of higher learning in the Levant under the leadership of Saint Joseph of Damascus. He furthered his study of Christian theology at the Patriarchical Halki seminary in Turkey, and at the Theological Academy in Kiev, Russian Empire
Mar 4 William Willett a British builder and a tireless promoter of British Summer Time.