1916 in history

1916 events chronologically

Jan 1 German troops abandon Yaoundé and their Kamerun colony to British forces and begin the long march to Spanish Guinea
Jan 9 World War I: The Battle of Gallipoli concludes with an Ottoman Empire victory when the last Allied forces are evacuated from the peninsula
Jan 10 World War I: In the Erzurum Offensive, Russia defeats the Ottoman Empire
Jan 18 A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite strikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri
Jan 24 In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad, the Supreme Court of the United States declares the federal income tax constitutional
Jan 29 World War I: Paris is first bombed by German zeppelins
Feb 3 Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Canada burn down

Top 7 most famous people born in 1916

Mar 11 Harold Wilson a British Labour Party politician who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1976. He won four general elections, and is the most recent British Prime Minister to have served non-consecutive terms
Apr 5 Gregory Peck an American actor. One of the world's most popular film stars from the 1940s to the 1960s, Peck continued to play major film roles until the late 1970s. His performance as Atticus Finch in the 1962 film To Kill a Mockingbird earned him the Academy Award for Best Actor. He had also been nominated for an Oscar for the same category for The Keys of the Kingdom , The Yearling , Gentleman's Agreement and Twelve O'Clock High. Other notable films he appeared in include Spellbound , The Paradine Case , Roman Holiday , Moby Dick , The Guns of Navarone , Cape Fear , How the West Was Won , The Omen and The Boys from Brazil
Jun 8 Francis Crick an English molecular biologist, biophysicist, and neuroscientist, most noted for being a co-discoverer of the structure of the DNA molecule in 1953 with James Watson. He, Watson, and Maurice Wilkins were jointly awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material"
Jul 9 Edward Heath Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from June 1970 to February 1974 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975.
Jul 11 Gough Whitlam the 21st Prime Minister of Australia, serving from 1972 to 1975. The Leader of the Labor Party from 1967 to 1977, Whitlam led his party to power for the first time in 23 years at the 1972 election. He went on to win the 1974 election before being controversially dismissed by the Governor-General of Australia, Sir John Kerr, at the climax of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis. Whitlam remains the only Australian prime minister to have his commission terminated in that manner
Sep 13 Roald Dahl a British novelist, short story writer, poet, fighter pilot, and screenwriter.
Oct 26 François Mitterrand the 21st President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra, serving from 1981 until 1995. He is the longest-serving President of France and, as leader of the Socialist Party, the first figure from the left elected President under the Fifth Republic

Top 7 most famous people died in 1916

Feb 28 Henry James an American writer who spent most of his writing career in Britain. He is regarded as one of the key figures of 19th-century literary realism. He was the son of Henry James, and the brother of philosopher and psychologist William James and diarist Alice James
Jun 5 Herbert Kitchener 1st Earl Kitchener a senior British Army officer and colonial administrator who won fame for his imperial campaigns and later played a central role in the early part of the First World War, although he died halfway through it.
Jul 23 William Ramsay a Scottish chemist who discovered the noble gases and received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1904 "in recognition of his services in the discovery of the inert gaseous elements in air". After the two men identified argon, Ramsay investigated other atmospheric gases. His work in isolating argon, helium, neon, krypton and xenon led to the development of a new section of the periodic table
Nov 15 Henryk Sienkiewicz a Polish journalist, Nobel Prize-winning novelist, and philanthropist. He is best remembered for his historical novels
Nov 21 Franz Joseph I of Austria Emperor of Austria and Apostolic King of Hungary from 1848 until his death in 1916. From 1 May 1850 until 24 August 1866 he was President of the German Confederation
Nov 22 Jack London an American author, journalist, and social activist. He was a pioneer in the then-burgeoning world of commercial magazine fiction and was one of the first fiction writers to obtain worldwide celebrity and a large fortune from his fiction alone. Some of his most famous works include The Call of the Wild and White Fang, both set in the Klondike Gold Rush, as well as the short stories "To Build a Fire", "An Odyssey of the North", and "Love of Life". He also wrote of the South Pacific in such stories as "The Pearls of Parlay" and "The Heathen", and of the San Francisco Bay area in The Sea Wolf
Dec 30 Grigori Rasputin a Russian peasant, mystical faith healer and private adviser to the Romanovs. He became an influential figure in Saint Petersburg, especially after August 1915 when Tsar Nicolas II took command of the army at the front