Died in 1916

Jan 3 Grenville M. Dodge a Union army officer on the frontier and pioneering figure in military intelligence during the Civil War, who served as Ulysses Grant's intelligence Chief in the Western Theater. He served in several notable assignments, including command of the XVI Corps during the Atlanta Campaign
Jan 4 Francis Charmes a French journalist, diplomat, civil servant, politician and academician.
Jan 4 Godefroid Kurth a celebrated Belgian historian. He is known for his histories of the city of Liège in the Middle Ages and of Belgium, of his Catholic account in Les Origines de la civilisation moderne of the formation of modern Europe, and for his defence of the medieval guild system
Jan 5 Hermann Klaatsch a German physician, anatomist, physical anthropologist, evolutionist, and professor at the University of Heidelberg and at the University of Breslau until 1916.
Jan 5 Ulpiano Checa a Spanish painter, sculptor, poster designer and illustrator, known in the art world as Ulpiano Fernández-Checa y Saiz. He used both impressionistic and academic techniques, and painted mainly historical subjects
Jan 6 Vladimir Karlovich Roth a Russian neuropathologist.
Jan 6 Harold Bolingbroke Mudie a British esperantist. He served as the first President of the World Esperanto Association
Jan 7 Oskar Grippenberg commanding general of the Russian Second Manchurian Army during the Russo-Japanese War.
Jan 8 Rembrandt Bugatti an Italian sculptor, known primarily for his bronze sculptures of wildlife subjects.
Jan 9 Tadeusz Ajdukiewicz a Polish realist painter from around the turn-of-the-century, best known for his battle-scenes, portraits, landscapes and paintings of horses. He was educated in Kraków in the Austrian sector of the Partitioned Poland. He died in the armed struggle for Poland's independence around Kraków during World War I
Jan 9 Ada Rehan an American actress.
Jan 10 Guido Baccelli an Italian physician and statesman. One of the most renowned Italian physicians of the late 19th Century, he was Minister of Education of the then young Kingdom of Italy for six times and once Minister of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce, for a total period of almost ten years, between 1881 and 1903. He was a teacher to Augusto Murri. Together with Italian surgeon Francesco Durante, Baccelli promoted the construction of the Policlinico Umberto I in Rome
Jan 12 Georgios Theotokis a Greek politician and four times Prime Minister of Greece. He represented the New Party or Neoteristikon Komma
Jan 13 Victoriano Huerta a Mexican military officer and president of Mexico. Huerta's supporters were known as Huertistas during the Mexican Revolution. Huerta is still vilified by modern-day Mexicans, who generally refer to him as El Chacal or El Usurpador
Jan 14 Otto Ammon a German anthropologist. Ammon was an engineer from 1863 to 1868. In 1883 he led a geographical and geological exploration of Roman roads. In 1887 he conducted anthropological research and from 1887 onwards he was a member of the Ancient Karlsruher Association and the Natural Science Association. In 1904 he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Freiburg
Jan 15 Illarion Ivanovich Vorontsov-Dashkov a notable representative of the Vorontsov family. He served as Minister of Imperial Properties in 1881-97 and the General Governor of Caucasus in 1905-15
Jan 17 Marie Bracquemond a French Impressionist artist described retrospectively by Henri Focillon in 1928 as one of "les trois grandes dames" of Impressionism alongside Berthe Morisot and Mary Cassatt. However, her frequent omission from books on women artists is attributable to the efforts of her husband, Félix Bracquemond, who sought to thwart her development and recognition as an artist. His objections to her career were not based on gender but on the style she adopted—Impressionism
Jan 22 Iwan Knorr a German composer and teacher of music. A native of Mewe, he attended the Leipzig Conservatory where he studied with Ignaz Moscheles, Ernst Friedrich Richter and Carl Reinecke. In 1874 he became a teacher and in 1878 director of music theory instruction at the Imperial Kharkiv Conservatory, in what is now Ukraine. In 1883 he settled in Frankfurt, where he joined the faculty of the Hoch Conservatory; in 1908 he became director of the school. As a teacher he exerted great influence; among his pupils were Bernhard Sekles, Ernest Bloch, Vladimir Sokalskyi, Ernst Toch, Roger Quilter, Hans Pfitzner, and Cyril Scott. Knorr died in Frankfurt
Jan 27 Geoffrey Coles a British sport shooter who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 29 Clements Markham an English geographer, explorer, and writer. He was secretary of the Royal Geographical Society between 1863 and 1888, and later served as the Society's president for a further 12 years. In the latter capacity he was mainly responsible for organising the National Antarctic Expedition of 1901–04, and for launching the polar career of Robert Falcon Scott
Feb 4 Adolphe Biarent a Belgian composer, conductor, cellist and music teacher.
Feb 6 Rubén Darío a Nicaraguan poet who initiated the Spanish-American literary movement known as modernismo that flourished at the end of the 19th century. Darío has had a great and lasting influence on 20th-century Spanish literature and journalism. He has been praised as the "Prince of Castilian Letters" and undisputed father of the modernismo literary movement
Feb 8 Gustav Falke a German writer.
Feb 9 Katō Hiroyuki an academic and politician of the Meiji period Japan.
Feb 12 Richard Dedekind a German mathematician who made important contributions to abstract algebra , algebraic number theory and the foundations of the real numbers.
Feb 12 Oskar Zwintscher a German painter. He is often associated with the Jugendstil movement
Feb 15 Harold Bache an English cricketer. He played 20 first-class matches between 1907 and 1910, 17 of them for Worcestershire. He also played three times for Cambridge University, but was not awarded a Blue. He was also a fine footballer, playing for West Bromwich Albion and winning an England Amateur cap
Feb 16 Georg von Oettingen a Baltic German physician and ophthalmologist who was born at the manor Gut Wissust. He was a brother of theologian Alexander von Oettingen , and physicist Arthur von Oettingen
Feb 19 Bob Benson an English professional footballer, who played as a full back. Born in Whitehaven, Cumbria he spent the majority of his professional career with Sheffield United but also had spells with Southampton and Woolwich Arsenal. He gained a solitary England cap in 1913 as well as representing The Football League and undertaking an FA tour of South Africa but died as a result of playing a football match in 1916
Feb 19 Ernst Mach an Austrian physicist and philosopher, noted for his contributions to physics such as the Mach number and the study of shock waves. As a philosopher of science, he was a major influence on logical positivism, American pragmatism and through his criticism of Newton, a forerunner of Einstein's relativity
Feb 20 Klas Pontus Arnoldson a Swedish author, journalist, politician, and committed pacifist who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1908. He was a founding member and the first chairman of the Swedish Peace and Arbitration Society
Feb 23 Hugo von Pohl a German admiral who served during the First World War. He joined the Navy in 1872 and served in various capacities, including with the new torpedo boats in the 1880s, and in the Reichsmarineamt in the 1890s. He eventually reached the rank of Vizeadmiral and held the position of Chief of the Admiralty Staff in 1913. He commanded the German High Seas Fleet from February 1915 until January 1916. As the commander of the surface fleet, he was exceedingly cautious, and did not engage the High Seas Fleet in any actions with the British Grand Fleet. Pohl was an outspoken advocate of unrestricted submarine warfare, and he put the policy into effect once he took command of the fleet on 4 February 1915. Seriously ill from liver cancer by January 1916, Pohl was replaced by Reinhard Scheer that month. Pohl died a month later
Feb 23 Charles Ericksen a Norwegian-American wrestler who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics for the United States.
Feb 25 David Bowman (Australian politician) a Labor politician in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland and Queensland Leader of the Opposition from 1908 to 1912.
Feb 28 Henry James an American writer who spent most of his writing career in Britain. He is regarded as one of the key figures of 19th-century literary realism. He was the son of Henry James, and the brother of philosopher and psychologist William James and diarist Alice James
Mar 2 Elisabeth of Wied the Queen consort of Romania as the wife of King Carol I of Romania, widely known by her literary name of Carmen Sylva. Elisabeth was the aunt of William of Albania
Mar 3 George Huntington an American physician who contributed a classic clinical description of the disease that bears his name – Huntington's disease.
Mar 4 Franz Marc a German painter and printmaker, one of the key figures of the German Expressionist movement. He was a founding member of Der Blaue Reiter , a journal whose name later became synonymous with the circle of artists collaborating in it
Mar 8 Fred T. Jane the founding editor of reference books on warships and aircraft. He also once kidnapped Victor Grayson MP in a political stunt
Mar 9 Anton von Saltza a Russian Imperial General in World War He participated in the Battle of Galicia where he commanded the Russian 4th Army. He was replaced by Alexei Evert during the battle as the commander of the 4th Army, and returned to his former position as commander of the Kazan Military District
Mar 10 Sámuel Teleki a Hungarian explorer who led the first expedition to Northern Kenya. He was the first European to see, and name, Lake Rudolf
Mar 12 Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach an Austrian writer. Noted for her excellent psychological novels, she is regarded—together with Ferdinand von Saar—as one of the most important German-language writers of the latter portion of the 19th century
Mar 19 Girolamo Maria Gotti O.C.D. sometimes erroneously called Giuseppe Gotti, was a friar of the Discalced Carmelite Order, who served in various offices of the Holy See as a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
Mar 19 Vasily Surikov the foremost Russian painter of large-scale historical subjects. His major pieces are among the best-known paintings in Russia
Mar 20 Ota Benga a Congolese man, an Mbuti pygmy known for being featured in an anthropology exhibit at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in Louis, Missouri in 1904, and in a controversial human zoo exhibit in 1906 at the Bronx Zoo. Benga had been freed from African slave traders by the explorer Samuel Phillips Verner, a businessman recruiting Africans for the Exposition. He traveled with Verner to the United States. At the Bronx Zoo, Benga had free run of the grounds before and after he was "exhibited" in the zoo's Monkey House. Except for a brief visit with Verner to Africa after the close of the Louis Fair, Benga lived in the United States, mostly in Virginia, for the rest of his life
Mar 21 Léon Labbé a French surgeon and politician who was born in the village of Le Merlerault in the department of Orne. He was an uncle to physician Charles Labbé , who first described the inferior anastomotic vein
Mar 24 Enrique Granados a Spanish pianist and composer of classical music. His music is in a uniquely Spanish style and, as such, is representative of musical nationalism
Mar 24 August Fick a German philologist.
Mar 24 Soter Ortynsky the first Bishop of all Greek Catholics in the United States.
Mar 24 Herman Gesellius a Finnish architect.