1916 events in history

Jan 1 German troops abandon Yaoundé and their Kamerun colony to British forces and begin the long march to Spanish Guinea
Jan 9 World War I: The Battle of Gallipoli concludes with an Ottoman Empire victory when the last Allied forces are evacuated from the peninsula
Jan 10 World War I: In the Erzurum Offensive, Russia defeats the Ottoman Empire
Jan 18 A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite strikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri
Jan 24 In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad, the Supreme Court of the United States declares the federal income tax constitutional
Jan 29 World War I: Paris is first bombed by German zeppelins
Feb 3 Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Canada burn down
Feb 11 Emma Goldman is arrested for lecturing on birth control
Feb 21 World War I: In France, the Battle of Verdun begins
Feb 24 Governor-General of Korea established clinic called Jahyewon in Sorokdo to segregate Hansen's disease patients
Feb 25 World War I: the Germans capture Fort Douaumont during the Battle of Verdun
Feb 29 Child labor: In South Carolina, the minimum working age for factory, mill, and mine workers is raised from twelve to fourteen years old
Mar 8 World War I: A British force unsuccessfully attempts to relieve the siege of Kut (present-day Iraq) in the Battle of Dujaila
Mar 9 Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa leads nearly 500 Mexican raiders in an attack against the border town of Columbus, New Mexico
Mar 11 USS Nevada (BB-36) is commissioned as the first US Navy "super-dreadnought"
Mar 15 President Woodrow Wilson sends 4,800 United States troops over the U.S.-Mexico border to pursue Pancho Villa
Mar 16 The 7th and 10th US cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing cross the US-Mexico border to join the hunt for Pancho Villa
Mar 20 Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity
Mar 22 The last Emperor of China, Yuan Shikai, abdicates the throne and the Republic of China is restored
Apr 8 In Corona, California, race car driver Bob Burman crashes, killing three, and badly injuring five, spectators
Apr 9 World War I: The Battle of Verdun – German forces launch their third offensive of the battle
Apr 10 The Professional Golfers' Association of America (PGA) is created in New York City
Apr 20 The Chicago Cubs play their first game at Weeghman Park (currently Wrigley Field), defeating the Cincinnati Reds 7–6 in 11 innings
Apr 24 Easter Rising: The Irish Republican Brotherhood led by nationalists Patrick Pearse, James Connolly, and Joseph Plunkett starts a rebellion in Ireland
Apr 24 Ernest Shackleton and five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition launch a lifeboat from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean to organise a rescue for the ice-trapped ship Endurance
Apr 25 Easter Rebellion: The United Kingdom declares martial law in Ireland
Apr 25 Anzac Day is commemorated for the first time on the first anniversary of the landing at Anzac Cove
Apr 29 Easter Rising: Martial law in Ireland is lifted and the rebellion is officially over with the surrender of Irish nationalists to British authorities in Dublin
Apr 29 World War I: The British 6th Indian Division surrenders to Ottoman Forces at the Siege of Kut in one of the largest surrenders of British forces up to that point
May 6 Twenty-one Lebanese nationalists executed in the Martyrs' Square, Beirut by Jamal Pasha, the Ottoman wāli
May 10 Sailing in the lifeboat James Caird, Ernest Shackleton arrives at South Georgia after a journey of 800 nautical miles from Elephant Island
May 20 The Saturday Evening Post publishes its first cover with a Norman Rockwell painting (Boy with Baby Carriage)
May 31 World War I: Battle of Jutland – The British Grand Fleet under the command of John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe and David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty engage the Imperial German Navy under the command of Reinhard Scheer and Franz von Hipper in the largest naval battle of the war, which proves indecisive
Jun 1 Louis Brandeis becomes the first Jew appointed to the United States Supreme Court
Jun 3 The National Defense Act is signed into law, increasing the size of the United States National Guard by 450,000 men
Jun 4 World War I: Russia opens the Brusilov Offensive with an artillery barrage of Austro-Hungarian lines in Galicia
Jun 5 Louis Brandeis is sworn in as a Justice of the United States Supreme Court; he is the first American Jew to hold such a position
Jun 10 An Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire led by Lawrence of Arabia breaks out
Jun 15 U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America, making them the only American youth organization with a federal charter
Jun 24 Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to sign a million dollar contract
Jun 24 World War I: the Battle of the Somme begins with a week-long artillery bombardment on the German Line
Jun 29 The Irish Nationalist and British diplomat Sir Roger Casement is sentenced to death for his part in the Easter Rising
Jul 1 World War I: First day on the Somme: On the first day of the Battle of the Somme 19,000 soldiers of the British Army are killed and 40,000 wounded
Jul 14 Start of the Battle of Delville Wood as an action within the Battle of the Somme, which was to last until 3 September 1916
Jul 15 In Seattle, Washington, William Boeing and George Conrad Westervelt incorporate Pacific Aero Products (later renamed Boeing)
Jul 19 World War I: Battle of Fromelles – British and Australian troops attack German trenches in a prelude to the Battle of the Somme
Jul 22 In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing ten and injuring 40
Jul 30 Black Tom Island explosion in Jersey City, New Jersey
Aug 2 World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto
Aug 5 World War I: Battle of Romani: Allied forces, under the command of Archibald Murray, defeat an attacking Ottoman army under the command of Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein, securing the Suez Canal and beginning the Ottoman retreat from the Sinai Peninsula