1917 in history

1917 events chronologically

Jan 9 World War I: the Battle of Rafa is fought near the Egyptian border with Palestine
Jan 11 The Kingsland munitions factory explosion occurs as a result of sabotage
Jan 17 The United States pays Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands
Jan 19 Silvertown explosion: 73 are killed and 400 injured in an explosion in a munitions plant in London
Jan 22 World War I: President Woodrow Wilson of the still-neutral United States calls for "peace without victory" in Europe
Jan 28 Municipally-owned streetcars take to the streets of San Francisco
Jan 31 World War I: Germany announces that its U-boats will resume unrestricted submarine warfare after a two-year hiatus

Top 7 most famous people born in 1917

Apr 25 Ella Fitzgerald an American jazz vocalist with a vocal range spanning three octaves. Often referred to as the "First Lady of Song," the "Queen of Jazz" and "Lady Ella," she was noted for her purity of tone, impeccable diction, phrasing and intonation, and a "horn-like" improvisational ability, particularly in her scat singing
Apr 26 I. M. Pei Ieoh Ming Pei , commonly known as M. Pei, is a Chinese-born American architect often called the master of modern architecture. In 1948 Pei was recruited by New York real estate magnate William Zeckendorf. There he spent seven years before establishing his own independent design firm M. Pei & Associates in 1955 which became I.M. Pei & Partners in 1966 and later in 1989 became Pei Cobb Freed & Partners. Pei retired from full-time practice in 1990. Since then, he has taken on work as an architectural consultant primarily from his sons' architectural firm Pei Partnership Architects. Among the early projects on which Pei took the lead were the L'Enfant Plaza Hotel in Washington, DC and the Green Building at MIT. His first major recognition came with the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Colorado; his new stature led to his selection as chief architect for the John Kennedy Library in Massachusetts. He went on to design Dallas City Hall and the East Building of the National Gallery of Art
May 29 John F. Kennedy an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963. Notable events that occurred during his presidency included the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Space Race—by initiating Project Apollo , the building of the Berlin Wall, the African-American Civil Rights Movement, and the increased US involvement in the Vietnam War
Sep 11 Ferdinand Marcos a Filipino lawyer and politician who served as President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He ruled under martial law from 1972 until 1981. Public outrage led to the snap elections of 1986 and to the making of People Power Revolution in February 1986
Nov 19 Indira Gandhi the third Prime Minister of India and a central figure of the Indian National Congress party. Gandhi, who served from 1966 to 1977 and then again from 1980 until her assassination in 1984, is the second-longest-serving Prime Minister of India and the only woman to hold the office. Indira Gandhi was the only child of Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. She served as the Chief of Staff of her father's highly centralised administration between 1947 and 1964 and came to wield considerable unofficial influence in government. Elected Congress President in 1959, she was offered the premiership in succession to her father. Gandhi refused and instead chose to become a cabinet minister in the government. She finally consented to become Prime Minister in succession to Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1966
Dec 16 Arthur C. Clarke a British science fiction writer, science writer and futurist, inventor, undersea explorer, and television series host.
Dec 21 Heinrich Böll one of Germany's foremost post-World War II writers. Böll was awarded the Georg Büchner Prize in 1967 and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1972

Top 7 most famous people died in 1917

Feb 16 Octave Mirbeau a French journalist, art critic, travel writer, pamphleteer, novelist, and playwright, who achieved celebrity in Europe and great success among the public, while still appealing to the literary and artistic avant-garde. His work has been translated into thirty languages
Apr 1 Scott Joplin an American composer and pianist. Joplin achieved fame for his ragtime compositions and was dubbed the King of Ragtime Writers. During his brief career, he wrote 44 original ragtime pieces, one ragtime ballet, and two operas. One of his first pieces, the Maple Leaf Rag, became ragtime's first and most influential hit, and has been recognized as the archetypal rag
Apr 14 L. L. Zamenhof the creator of Esperanto, the world's most successful constructed language, and a physician by profession. He grew up fascinated by the idea of a world without war, and believed that this could happen with the help of a new international auxiliary language which he first developed in 1873 while still in school
Sep 27 Edgar Degas a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings. He is especially identified with the subject of dance; more than half of his works depict dancers. He is regarded as one of the founders of Impressionism, although he rejected the term, preferring to be called a realist. He was a superb draftsman, and particularly masterly in depicting movement, as can be seen in his renditions of dancers, racecourse subjects and female nudes. His portraits are notable for their psychological complexity and for their portrayal of human isolation
Oct 15 Mata Hari a Frisian exotic dancer and courtesan who was convicted of being a spy and executed by firing squad in France under charges of espionage for Germany during World War I.
Nov 15 Émile Durkheim a French sociologist, social psychologist and philosopher. He formally established the academic discipline and, with Karl Marx and Max Weber, is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science and father of sociology
Nov 17 Auguste Rodin a French sculptor. Although Rodin is generally considered the progenitor of modern sculpture, he did not set out to rebel against the past. He was schooled traditionally, took a craftsman-like approach to his work, and desired academic recognition, although he was never accepted into Paris's foremost school of art