Died in 1917

Jan 2 Peter Joseph Osterhaus Union Army General in the American Civil War and later served as a diplomat.
Jan 2 Edward Burnett Tylor an English anthropologist.
Jan 2 Léon Flameng a French cyclist. He competed at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens
Jan 4 Alexey Sergeyevich Yermolov a Russian politician.
Jan 8 Mary Arthur McElroy the sister of the 21st President of the United States, Chester Arthur, and served as a hostess for his administration. She assumed the role because Arthur's wife, Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur, had died only a year and a half earlier
Jan 8 Antonio Baldissera an Italian general, active in the Ethiopian Empire during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Jan 10 Georg Volkens a German botanist born in Berlin.
Jan 10 Buffalo Bill an American scout, bison hunter, and showman. He was born in the Iowa Territory , in Le Claire but he grew up for several years in his father's hometown in Canada before his family moved to the Kansas Territory
Jan 10 Viktor Madarász a Hungarian romantic painter.
Jan 10 Feliks Leparsky a Russian fencer. He competed in the individual foil event at the 1912 Summer Olympics. He served as a captain in the Russian army and was killed during World War I
Jan 11 Alexander Konstantinovich Benckendorff a Russian diplomat, who served as ambassador to Denmark and the United Kingdom.
Jan 13 Mendel Portugali one of the leading figures in the Second Aliyah and a founder of the Hashomer movement.
Jan 13 Anton Rehmann an Austrian geographer, geomorphologist, botanist and explorer. He published mostly in German journals in Austria and is regarded as an Austrian botanist, as Galicia was at that time part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
Jan 14 Ben Viljoen a general in the Boer army. He was born in a cave in the Wodehouse district of the Cape Colony to Susanna Magdalena Storm and Wynand Johannes Viljoen. This was the temporary residence of the Viljoen family while their farm house was being constructed. He spent his early years on the Varkiesdraai farm near Umtata. He attained the position of Assistant Commandant-General of the Transvaal Burgher Forces and was member for Krugersdorp in the Transvaal Volksraad
Jan 16 George Dewey Admiral of the Navy, the only person in U.S. history to have attained the rank. Admiral Dewey is best known for his victory at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War
Jan 18 Victor Bruce 9th Earl of Elgin a British politician who served as Viceroy of India from 1894 to 1899.
Jan 20 Alejandro Ferrant y Fischermans a Spanish painter.
Jan 21 Jakob Knudsen a Danish writer and clergyman.
Jan 28 Justinas Pranaitis a Lithuanian Catholic priest , Russian Master of Theology and Professor of the Hebrew Language at the Imperial Ecclesiastical Academy of the Roman Catholic Church in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Jan 29 Evelyn Baring 1st Earl of Cromer a British statesman, diplomat and colonial administrator. He was British controller-general in Egypt during 1879, part of the international Control which oversaw Egyptian finances after the khedives' mismanagement, and during the British occupation prompted by the Urabi revolt, agent and consul-general in Egypt from 1883 to 1907. Far from the centre of the Empire, Cromer ran the territory with great drive and his effective governance inhibited British intentions to withdraw from Egypt
Jan 31 Otto Finsch a German ethnographer, naturalist and colonial explorer.
Feb 2 Zaynulla Rasulev a Bashkir religious leader in the 19th and early 20th century. He is notable as one of the most important representatives of Jadidism and the organizer of one of the first Jadidi madrasah
Feb 5 Édouard Drumont a French journalist and writer. He founded the Antisemitic League of France in 1889, and was the founder and editor of the newspaper La Libre Parole
Feb 5 Nikolai Tretyakov a military engineer and general in the Imperial Russian Army, noted for his heroic role in the Siege of Port Arthur during the Russian-Japanese War.
Feb 5 Jaber II Al-Sabah the eighth monarch Ruler of Kuwait from the Al-Sabah line. He was the eldest son of Mubarak Al-Sabah and is the ancestor of the Al-Jaber branch of the Al-Sabah family. He ruled from 28 November 1915 to his death on 5 February 1917 and was succeeded by his brother, Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah
Feb 8 Diomede Falconio an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He served as Prefect of the Congregation for Religious from 1916 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1911
Feb 9 Aurel Popovici an ethnic Romanian Austro-Hungarian lawyer and politician. Together with other Romanian intellectuals of the National Romanian Party, in 1892 he signed the Transylvanian Memorandum, a document pleading for equal rights with Hungarians in Transylvania, and demanding an end to persecutions and Magyarization attempts
Feb 10 John William Waterhouse an English painter known for working in the Pre-Raphaelite style. He worked several decades after the breakup of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, which had seen its heyday in the mid-nineteenth century, leading him to have gained the moniker of "the modern Pre-Raphaelite". Borrowing stylistic influences not only from the earlier Pre-Raphaelites but also from his contemporaries, the Impressionists, his artworks were known for their depictions of women from both ancient Greek mythology and Arthurian legend
Feb 11 Oswaldo Cruz a Brazilian physician, bacteriologist, epidemiologist and public health officer and the founder of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute.
Feb 12 José Denis Belgrano a Spanish painter.
Feb 15 Ippolit Shpazhinsky a Russian playwright and poet. He is best known for his play The Enchantress , which Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky adapted as his opera of the same name
Feb 16 Octave Mirbeau a French journalist, art critic, travel writer, pamphleteer, novelist, and playwright, who achieved celebrity in Europe and great success among the public, while still appealing to the literary and artistic avant-garde. His work has been translated into thirty languages
Feb 16 George Edward Massee an English mycologist, plant pathologist, and botanist.
Feb 17 Carolus-Duran a French painter and art instructor. He is noted for his stylish depictions of members of high society in Third Republic France
Feb 18 Mikhail Alekseyenko Russian lawyer, professor of finance law, public figure, member of the State Duma of the Russian Empire of 3rd and 4th convocations , rector of the Kharkov University.
Feb 20 Leone Sextus Tollemache a captain in the British Army who died during the First World War. He has been stated to have had the longest English surname on record, or the English surname with the most multiple barrels
Feb 20 Achille Müntz a French agricultural chemist.
Feb 21 Joaquín Dicenta a Spanish journalist, novelist, playwright and poet. His 1895 play Juan José was the second-most performed in the Spanish repertory between then and 1939
Feb 21 John Faithfull Fleet an English civil servant with the Indian Civil Services and became known as a historian, epigraphist and linguist. His research in Indian epigraphy and history, conducted in India over a thirty-year period, is published in books including "Pali, Sanskrit and Old Canarese Inscriptions", "The Dynasties of the Kanarese Districts of The Bombay Presidency from the earliest historical times to the Musalman Conquest", and "The Inscriptions of The Early Gupta Kings and their Successors". He was a regular contributor to works journals covering Indian history. His published well-regarded works on inscriptions in the Sanskrit, Pali and Kannada languages and on the history of dynasties such as the Guptas, Kadambas, Aulikaras, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas and Seunas
Feb 23 William Chapman (poet) a Canadian poet.
Feb 23 Jean Gaston Darboux a French mathematician.
Mar 1 Robert Wiren a career naval officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, noted for his role in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905.
Mar 5 Manuel de Arriaga a Portuguese lawyer, the first Attorney-General and the first elected President of the First Portuguese Republic, following the abdication of King Manuel II of Portugal and a Republican Provisional Government headed by Teófilo Braga.
Mar 6 Jules Vandenpeereboom a Belgian Catholic Party politician.
Mar 6 Hector Frederik Estrup Jungersen a Danish marine zoologist born in Dejbjerg.
Mar 6 Valdemar Psilander a Danish silent film actor, who was the highest paid performer of his period and received critical acclaim as the greatest male lead during the golden era of Danish cinema.
Mar 8 Ferdinand von Zeppelin a German general and later aircraft manufacturer. He founded the Zeppelin airship company. He was born in Konstanz, Grand Duchy of Baden
Mar 9 Octavius Pickard-Cambridge an English clergyman and zoologist.
Mar 14 Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia a German princess, and later a member of the British Royal Family, the wife of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn. She also served as the Viceregal Consort of Canada, when her husband served as the Governor General of Canada from 1911 to 1916. King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden and Queens Margrethe II of Denmark and Anne-Marie of Greece are among her great-grandchildren
Mar 17 Franz Brentano an influential German philosopher and psychologist whose influence was felt by other such luminaries as Sigmund Freud, Edmund Husserl, Kazimierz Twardowski and Alexius Meinong, who followed and adapted his views.