Died in 1919

Jan 1 Mikhail Drozdovsky Gordeevich Drozdovsky. Russian army officer and one of the military leaders of the anti-Bolshevik White movement during the Russian Civil War
Jan 3 Frank Duveneck an American figure and portrait painter.
Jan 4 John Walter Scott originally from England, but he emigrated to the United States to take part in the California Gold Rush. Unsuccessful at the prospecting trade, Scott began to sell postage stamps for collectors and in a short period of time became the nation’s leading stamp dealer. During his lifetime, he was known as “The Father of American Philately” by his fellow stamp collectors
Jan 4 Georg von Hertling a Bavarian politician who served as Minister-President of Bavaria 1912–1917 and then as Minister-President of Prussia and Chancellor of the German Empire from 1917 to 1918. He was the first party man to hold the office
Jan 5 Julius LeBlanc Stewart an American artist who spent his career in Paris. A contemporary of fellow expatriate painter John Singer Sargent, Stewart was nicknamed "the Parisian from Philadelphia."
Jan 5 Sumako Matsui a Japanese actress and singer. Born as Masako Kobayashi in Matsushiro, Nagano, Nagano Prefecture as the fifth daughter and last of nine children of Tohta Kobayashi, she was adopted by the Hasegawa family in Ueda at the age of six and in 1900 graduated Ueda school. She had to return to her birth family after her adopted father died, however in the year of her return, her natural father also died. At the age of 17 she moved to Tokyo
Jan 5 Vitold Polonsky a Russian silent film actor.
Jan 6 Theodore Roosevelt an American politician, author, naturalist, soldier, explorer, and historian who served as the 26th President of the United States. He was a leader of the Republican Party and founder of the Progressive Party insurgency of 1912. He is known for his exuberant personality, range of interests and achievements, and his leadership of the Progressive Movement, as well as his "cowboy" persona and robust masculinity. Born into a wealthy family in New York City, Roosevelt was a sickly child who suffered from asthma. To overcome his physical weakness, he embraced a strenuous life. He was home-schooled and became an eager student of nature. He attended Harvard College, where he studied biology, boxed, and developed an interest in naval affairs. He quickly entered politics, determined to become a member of the ruling class. In 1881, he was elected to the New York State Assembly, where he became a leader of the reform faction of the GOP. His book, The Naval War of 1812 , established him as a learned historian and writer
Jan 6 Jacques Vaché a friend of André Breton, the founder of surrealism. Vaché was one of the chief inspirations behind the Surrealist movement. As Breton said:
Jan 7 Henry Ware Eliot an American industrialist and philanthropist who lived in Louis, Missouri.
Jan 10 Nikolai Schedrin a Russian revolutionary and narodnik.
Jan 11 Kazimierz Zalewski a Polish dramatist, literary and theatre critic, one of the leading author of middle-class positivistic drama.
Jan 12 Petr G. Krawtzoff an officer of the Russian Imperial Army and Major General of the Don Army. During the First World War he was a commander of the Sixteenth Special Don Cossack Regiment, and after his promotion to Major General from April 1917 to January 1918 Commander of the 3rd Don Cossack Division
Jan 14 Platon (Kulbusch) an Estonian bishop and the first Orthodox saint of Estonian ethnicity.
Jan 15 Jérôme Eugène Coggia a 19th-century French astronomer.
Jan 15 Karl Liebknecht a German socialist and a co-founder with Rosa Luxemburg of the Spartacist League and the Communist Party of Germany. He is best known for his opposition to World War I in the Reichstag and his role in the Spartacist uprising of 1919. The uprising was crushed by the social democrat government and the Freikorps. Liebknecht and Luxemburg were murdered
Jan 15 Rosa Luxemburg a Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist and revolutionary socialist of Polish-Jewish descent who became a naturalized German citizen. She was successively a member of the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania , the Social Democratic Party of Germany , the Independent Social Democratic Party , and the Communist Party of Germany
Jan 16 Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves a Brazilian politician who first served as governor of the State of São Paulo in 1887, then as Treasury minister in the 1890s. Rodrigues Alves was elected President of Brazil in 1902 and served until 1906
Jan 18 Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria the youngest son born to Archduke Franz Karl of Austria and Princess Sophie of Bavaria and younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria.
Jan 18 Prince John of the United Kingdom the fifth son and youngest of the six children of King George V and his wife, Queen Mary. At the time of John's birth, his father was the Prince of Wales and heir apparent to the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom, Edward VII. In 1910, George succeeded to the throne upon Edward's death and John became fifth in the line of succession
Jan 19 Peter Altenberg a writer and poet from Vienna, Austria. He was key to the genesis of early modernism in the city
Jan 19 Wallace Clement Sabine an American physicist who founded the field of architectural acoustics. He graduated from Ohio State University in 1886 at the age of 18 before joining Harvard University for graduate study and remaining as a faculty member. Sabine was acoustical architect of Boston's Symphony Hall, widely considered one of the two or three best concert halls in the world for its acoustics
Jan 19 Alexander von Wagner a Hungarian painter.
Jan 21 Nikolay Iudovich Ivanov a general in the Imperial Russian Army during World War I.
Jan 21 Ahmed Muhtar Pasha an Ottoman general and Grand Vizier.
Jan 21 Georg Ruge a German anatomist and primatologist who was a native of Berlin.
Jan 21 Gojong of Korea the twenty-sixth king of the Korean Joseon Dynasty and the first emperor of Korea.
Jan 21 Peter Demens a Russian immigrant to the United States who became a railway owner and one of the founders of the U.S. city of Petersburg, Florida.
Jan 21 Mikhail Tugan-Baranovsky a Russian-Ukrainian economist, politician, statesman. He is remembered as a leading exponent of Legal Marxism in the Tsarist Russian Empire and was the author of numerous works dealing with the theory of value, the distribution of a social revenue, history of managerial development, and fundamentals of cooperative managerial activities
Jan 22 Carl Larsson a Swedish painter representative of the Arts and Crafts Movement. His many paintings include oils, watercolors, and frescoes. He considered his finest work to be Midvinterblot , a large painting now displayed inside the Swedish National Museum of Fine Arts
Jan 24 Ismail Qemali a distinguished leader of the Albanian national movement, and founder of the Independent Albania. He was its head of state and president of its provisional government until January 1914 when he was forced to step aside by the International Commission of Control established by the six Great Powers
Jan 24 Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia the eighth child of Tsar Alexander II of Russia by his first wife Empress Maria Alexandrovna. His birth was commemorated by the naming of the city of Pavlodar in Kazakhstan. He entered the Russian Army and rose to the rank of General, but was known as a gentle person, religious and accessible to people
Jan 26 Byam Shaw an Indian-born British painter, illustrator, designer and teacher.
Jan 27 Endre Ady a Hungarian poet.
Jan 28 Grand Duke Dimitri Constantinovich of Russia a son of Grand Duke Constantin Nikolaevich and a first cousin of Alexander III of Russia. He followed a military career. Although he never played any political role, as a relative of tsar Nicholas II, he was executed by firing squad at the walls of Peter and Paul Fortress during the Russian Revolution
Jan 28 Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia (1863–1919) a son of Grand Duke Michael Nicolaievich of Russia and a first cousin of Emperor Alexander III. He was a General in the Russian army in World War During the Russian Revolution, he was imprisoned by the Bolsheviks and shot by a firing squad, along with his brother, Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich, and his cousins Grand Dukes Paul Alexandrovich and Dimitri Konstantinovich
Jan 28 Grand Duke Nicholas Mikhailovich of Russia the eldest son of Grand Duke Michael Nicolaievich of Russia and a first cousin of Alexander III.
Jan 29 Aram Manukian an Armenian revolutionary, politician and military commander who was one of the leaders of the Van Resistance and instrumented the foundation of the First Republic of Armenia. Manukian joined the Armenian Revolutionary Federation at a very early age. He is credited as a political, military and spiritual leader of the Armenian people during and after the Armenian Genocide
Jan 30 Ermete Novelli an Italian actor and playwright.
Feb 2 Julius Kuperjanov an Estonian military officer during the War of Independence and commander of the Tartumaa Partisan Battalion renamed after him posthumously.
Feb 3 Edward Charles Pickering an American astronomer and physicist as well as the older brother of William Henry Pickering.
Feb 3 Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1849–1919) a Queen consort of Bavaria. She was the daughter and only child of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este and his wife, Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria. She was the last Queen of Bavaria
Feb 5 William Michael Rossetti an English writer and critic.
Feb 5 Vasily Rozanov one of the most controversial Russian writers and philosophers of the pre-revolutionary epoch. His views have been termed the "religion of procreation", as he tried to reconcile Christian teachings with ideas of healthy sex and family life and not, as his adversary Nikolai Berdyaev put it, "to set up sex in opposition to the Word". Because of phallic notions in his writings, Klaus von Beyme called him the Rasputin of the Russian intelligence
Feb 7 William Halford a sailor, and later an officer, in the United States Navy. He also received the Medal of Honor
Feb 12 Harold Gilman a painter of interiors, portraits and landscapes, and a founder-member of the Camden Town Group.
Feb 14 Pál Luthár a Slovene Lutheran teacher, organist and writer.
Feb 15 André Prévost (tennis) a tennis player competing for France. He finished runner-up to Paul Aymé in the singles event of the Amateur French Championships in 1900. Prévost also competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, where he and Georges de la Chapelle shared the bronze medal with Harold Mahony and Arthur Norris in the men's doubles event. His daughter Hélène won silver in the women's singles
Feb 16 Vera Kholodnaya the first star of Russian silent cinema. Only five of her films still exist and the total number she acted in is unknown, with speculation ranging between fifty and one hundred
Feb 16 Mark Sykes an English traveller, Conservative Party politician and diplomatic adviser, particularly with regard to the Middle East at the time of the First World War. He is associated with the Sykes-Picot Agreement, drawn up while the war was in progress, regarding the apportionment of postwar spheres of interest in the Ottoman Empire to Britain, France and Russia