1919 events in history

Jan 3 At the Paris Peace Conference, Emir Faisal I of Iraq signs an agreement with Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann on the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine and an Arab nation in a large part of the Middle East
Jan 5 The German Workers' Party, which would become the Nazi Party, is founded
Jan 7 Montenegrin guerrilla fighters rebel against the planned annexation of Montenegro by Serbia, but fail
Jan 11 Romania reincorporates Transylvania
Jan 15 Boston Molasses Disaster: A large molasses tank in Boston, Massachusetts, bursts and a wave of molasses rushes through the streets, killing 21 people and injuring 150 others
Jan 15 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps at the end of the Spartacist uprising
Jan 16 Temperance movement: The United States ratifies the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing Prohibition in the United States one year after ratification
Jan 18 Bentley Motors Limited is founded
Jan 18 World War I: The Paris Peace Conference opens in Versailles, France
Jan 18 Ignacy Jan Paderewski becomes Prime Minister of the newly independent Poland
Jan 21 Meeting of the First Dáil Éireann in the Mansion House Dublin. Sinn Féin adopts Ireland's first constitution. The first engagement of Irish War of Independence, Sologhead Beg, County Tipperary
Jan 22 Act Zluky is signed, unifying the Ukrainian People's Republic and the West Ukrainian National Republic
Jan 25 The League of Nations is founded
Jan 31 The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland
Feb 5 Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and D.W. Griffith launch United Artists
Feb 6 The five-day Seattle General Strike begins
Feb 11 Friedrich Ebert (SPD), is elected President of Germany
Feb 14 The Polish–Soviet War begins
Feb 21 German socialist Kurt Eisner is assassinated. His death results in the establishment of the Bavarian Soviet Republic and parliament and government fleeing Munich, Germany
Feb 25 Oregon places a one cent per U.S. gallon tax on gasoline, becoming the first U.S. state to levy a gasoline tax
Feb 26 President Woodrow Wilson signs an act of the U.S. Congress establishing most of the Grand Canyon as a United States National Park - the Grand Canyon National Park
Mar 1 March 1st Movement begins in Korea under Japanese rule
Mar 2 The first Communist International meets in Moscow
Mar 21 The Hungarian Soviet Republic is established becoming the first Communist government to be formed in Europe after the October Revolution in Russia
Mar 23 In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist political movement
Apr 1 The Staatliches Bauhaus school is founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar
Apr 6 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a general strike
Apr 10 Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos
Apr 11 The International Labour Organization is founded
Apr 13 Jallianwala Bagh massacre: British troops gun down at least 379 unarmed demonstrators in Amritsar, India; at least 1200 are wounded
Apr 13 The establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea
Apr 13 Eugene V. Debs is imprisoned at the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia, for speaking out against the draft during World War I
Apr 16 Mohandas Gandhi organizes a day of "prayer and fasting" in response to the killing of Indian protesters in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre by the British colonial troops three days earlier
Apr 16 Polish–Soviet War: The Polish army launches the Vilna offensive to capture Vilnius in modern Lithuania
Apr 19 Leslie Irvin of the United States makes the first successful voluntary free-fall parachute jump using a new kind of self-contained parachute
May 4 May Fourth Movement: Student demonstrations take place in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China, protesting the Treaty of Versailles, which transferred Chinese territory to Japan
May 8 Edward George Honey proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate the Armistice of World War I
May 15 The Winnipeg General Strike begins. By 11:00, almost the whole working population of Winnipeg, Manitoba had walked off the job
May 15 Greek invasion of Smyrna. During the invasion, the Greek army kills or wounds 350 Turks. Those responsible are punished by the Greek Commander Aristides Stergiades
May 16 A naval Curtiss aircraft NC-4 commanded by Albert Cushing Read leaves Trepassey, Newfoundland, for Lisbon via the Azores on the first transatlantic flight
May 19 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Anatolian Black Sea coast, initiating what is later termed the Turkish War of Independence
May 27 The NC-4 aircraft arrives in Lisbon after completing the first transatlantic flight
May 29 Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity is tested (later confirmed) by Arthur Eddington and Andrew Claude de la Cherois Crommelin
May 29 The Republic of Prekmurje is founded
Jun 2 Anarchists simultaneously set off bombs in eight separate U.S. cities
Jun 4 Women's rights: The U.S. Congress approves the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guarantees suffrage to women, and sends it to the U.S. states for ratification
Jun 6 The Republic of Prekmurje ends
Jun 7 Sette giugno: Four people are killed in a riot in Malta
Jun 11 Sir Barton wins the Belmont Stakes, becoming the first horse to win the Triple Crown
Jun 14 John Alcock and Arthur Whitten Brown depart from St. John's, Newfoundland on the first nonstop transatlantic flight