Died in 1922

Jan 1 István Kühár Slovene Roman Catholic priest, politician and writer in Hungary, and later in Yugoslavia.
Jan 2 Gaston Bonnier a French botanist and plant ecologist. Bonnier first studied at École Normale Supérieure in Paris from 1873 to 1876. Together with Charles Flahault, he studied at Uppsala University in 1878. They published two articles about their impressions:
Jan 3 Berthold Delbrück a German linguist who devoted himself to the study of the comparative syntax of the Indo-European languages.
Jan 5 Ernest Shackleton an Anglo-Irish explorer who participated in four British expeditions to the Antarctic, of which he led three. During the first expedition 1901–1904, he and his companions Scott and Wilson set a new southern record by marching to latitude 82°S. During the second expedition 1907–1909 he and three companions established a new record Farthest South latitude at 88°S, only 97 geographical miles from the South Pole, the largest advance to the pole in exploration history. Also, members of his team climbed Mount Erebus, the most active Antarctic volcano. For these achievements, Shackleton was knighted by King Edward VII on his return home
Jan 6 Harald Hjärne a Swedish historian.
Jan 6 Jakob Rosanes a German mathematician who worked on algebraic geometry and invariant theory. He was also a chess master
Jan 7 Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole a prince of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi was overthrown by international businessmen in 1893. He later went on to become a politician in the Territory of Hawaii as delegate to the United States Congress, and as such is the first native Hawaiian and only person ever elected to that body who was born a royal
Jan 10 Frank Tudor an Australian-born felt hatter and politician. He was the leader of the Australian Labor Party from 1916 until his death
Jan 10 Ōkuma Shigenobu a Japanese politician in the Empire of Japan and the 8th and 17th Prime Minister of Japan. Ōkuma was also an early advocate of Western science and culture in Japan, and founder of Waseda University
Jan 11 Jack Robson an Englishman who was the full-time secretary manager of Middlesbrough, Crystal Palace and Brighton & Hove Albion, as well as manager of Manchester United. Robson started his managerial career with Middlesbrough, where he was paid £3 a week and declined to travel to away games as an economic measure. Despite his tight-fistedness he took the club from being an amateur outfit in the Northern League to a professional club in the First Division. He was also the first manager of Crystal Palace and coached the club to one of the greatest FA Cup shocks of all time when they defeated Newcastle United at St James' Park in 1907. He later managed Brighton & Hove Albion and started the concept of being a manager and not a secretary at Manchester United. He stepped down as United manager due to ill health in October 1921 and died of pneumonia on 11 January 1922
Jan 13 Pavle Jurišić Šturm a Serbian general of Sorbian origin who commanded the Serbian 3rd Army in World War I.
Jan 17 Carl Robert a German classical philologist and archaeologist.
Jan 22 James Bryce 1st Viscount Bryce a British academic, jurist, historian and Liberal politician.
Jan 22 Fredrik Bajer a Danish writer, teacher, and pacifist politician who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1908.
Jan 22 Enrique Almaraz y Santos a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Archbishop of Seville and, later, Archbishop of Toledo and so Primate of Spain.
Jan 22 Pope Benedict XV Pope from 3 September 1914 to his death in 1922. His pontificate was largely overshadowed by World War I and its political, social and humanitarian consequences in Europe
Jan 22 Camille Jordan a French mathematician, known both for his foundational work in group theory and for his influential Cours d'analyse. He was born in Lyon and educated at the École polytechnique. He was an engineer by profession; later in life he taught at the École polytechnique and the Collège de France, where he had a reputation for eccentric choices of notation
Jan 22 William Christie (astronomer) a British astronomer.
Jan 23 Arthur Nikisch a Hungarian conductor who performed internationally, holding posts in Boston, London and—most importantly—Berlin. He was considered an outstanding interpreter of the music of Bruckner, Tchaikovsky, Beethoven and Liszt. Johannes Brahms praised Nikisch's performance of his Fourth Symphony as "quite exemplary, it's impossible to hear it any better."
Jan 23 Stephan Sinding a Norwegian-Danish sculptor. He moved to Copenhagen in 1883 and had his breakthrough the same year. In 1890 he obtained Danish citizenship. In 1910 he settled in Paris where he lived and worked until his death in 1922
Jan 26 Vincenc Strouhal a Czech physicist specializing in experimental physics. He was one of the founders of the Physics department at Charles University
Jan 27 Luigi Denza an Italian composer. Denza was born at Castellammare di Stabia, near Naples. He studied music under Saverio Mercadante and Paolo Serrao at the Naples Conservatory. In 1884 he moved to London, taught singing and became a professor of singing at the Royal Academy of Music in 1898. Denza was an able mandolinist and guitarist, and has published the following compositions among others for these instruments: Ricordo di Quisisana, a serenata for solo voice and chorus, with accompaniments of first and second mandolins, mandolas and guitars, dedicated to the Marchioness Laura di Noailles, and published by Ricordi, Milan; Come to me, valse for two mandolins, mandola and guitar, also published by Ricordi Nocturne for mandolin and piano, published by Ascherberg, London; and several other compositions for mandolin and piano, originally published by Cocks, London. Denza also wrote an opera, Wallenstein, and hundreds of songs. The most popular of these was a collaboration with Peppino Turco, the Neapolitan song Funiculì, Funiculà, about the Vesuvius Funicular
Jan 27 Giovanni Verga an Italian realist writer, best known for his depictions of life in his native Sicily, and especially for the short story Cavalleria Rusticana and the novel I Malavoglia.
Jan 27 Nellie Bly the pen name of American journalist Elizabeth Jane Cochrane. She was a ground-breaking reporter known for a record-breaking trip around the world in 72 days, in emulation of Jules Verne's fictional character Phileas Fogg, and an exposé in which she faked insanity to study a mental institution from within. She was a pioneer in her field, and launched a new kind of investigative journalism. In addition to her writing, she was also an industrialist and charity worker
Jan 28 Charles Baskerville an American chemist. He announced the discovery of two new elements which claimed to have separated from thorium. Carolinium and berzelium later were identified to be identical with thorium
Jan 29 George Owen (footballer) a Welsh footballer who played as an inside forward for Newton Heath in the late 1880s. He also made four appearances for the Welsh national team
Feb 1 Yamagata Aritomo a field marshal in the Imperial Japanese Army and twice Prime Minister of Japan. He is considered one of the architects of the military and political foundations of early modern Japan. Yamagata Aritomo can be seen as the father of Japanese militarism
Feb 1 Jimmy Sayer an English footballer who played 24 times for Stoke and gained one cap with the England national team.
Feb 1 William Desmond Taylor Coordinates: 34°03′39″N 118°16′24″W / 34.06091°N 118.27336°W / 34.06091; -118.27336.
Feb 3 Christiaan de Wet a Boer general, rebel leader and politician.
Feb 3 John Butler Yeats an Irish artist and the father of William Butler Yeats, Lily Yeats, Lollie Yeats and Jack Yeats. He is probably best known for his portrait of the young William Butler Yeats which is one of a number of his portraits of Irishmen and women in the Yeats museum in the National Gallery of Ireland. His portrait of John O'Leary is considered to be his masterpiece
Feb 4 William Lucas Distant an English entomologist.
Feb 5 Paul Durand-Ruel associated with the Impressionists. He was one of the first modern art dealers who provided support to his painters with stipends and solo exhibitions
Feb 5 Slavoljub Eduard Penkala a Croatian engineer and inventor of Dutch-Polish-Jewish descent.
Feb 6 Kyrre Grepp Norwegian politician, leader of the Norwegian Labour Party. Grepp became a Communist by the end of his life and was active in the Comintern
Feb 7 Bahruz Kangarli an Azerbaijani painter and graphic artist. He was one of the first professional representatives of Azerbaijani visual arts and was the founder of realistic easel painting of Azerbaijan
Feb 10 Hristo Matov a prominent Bulgarian Macedonian revolutionary, philologist, folklorist and publicist and one of the leaders of the Bulgarian Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Committees.
Feb 11 Gerard Bolland Johannes Petrus Josephus Bolland , also known as G.J.P.J. Bolland, was a Dutch autodidact , linguist, philosopher, biblical scholar, and lecturer. An excellent orator, he gave extremely well attended public lectures in Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht, Delft, Groningen, Nijmegen and Belgium
Feb 14 Heikki Ritavuori a Finnish lawyer, a politician from the National Progressive Party, a member of the Parliament of Finland and Minister of the Interior. He was the closest work colleague of Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg and was Minister of the Interior in J.H. Vennola's first and second cabinets from 1919 to 1922 for a total of 526 days. Heikki Ritavuori is a unique figure in Finland's political history because he is not remembered for his life's work, but instead for its end. Minister Ritavuori was shot dead at the door to his home in Helsinki in February 1922
Feb 15 Catherine Dolgorukov the daughter of Prince Michael Dolgorukov and Vera Vishnevskaya. She was a long-time mistress of Tsar Alexander II of Russia and later, as his morganatic wife, was created Princess Yurievskaya
Feb 20 John F. Shafroth a United States Representative, Senator, and Governor from Colorado. Born in Fayette, Missouri, he attended the common schools and graduated from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor in 1875. He studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1876 and commenced practice in Fayette. He moved to Denver, Colorado in 1879 and continued the practice of law. He was city attorney from 1887 to 1891 and was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-fourth Congress as a Representative. He then joined other Colorado officials such as Senator Henry Teller, splitting from the Republicans to join the Silver Republican third party, on whose ticket he was reelected to the Fifty-fifth, Fifty-sixth, and Fifty-seventh Congresses; he presented credentials as a Democratic Member-elect to the Fifty-eighth Congress and served from March 4, 1895, until his resignation on February 15, 1904, when he declared his conviction that his opponent, Robert Bonynge, had been duly elected – after which he was often referred to as "Honest John."
Feb 22 Vlas Doroshevich one of Russia's most popular and widely read journalists, and a novelist, essayist, drama critic, and short story writer.
Feb 22 Frithjof Olsen a Norwegian gymnast who competed in the 1906 Summer Olympics, in the 1908 Summer Olympics, and in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Feb 22 A. D. Gordon Aaron David Gordon , more commonly known as D. Gordon, was a Zionist ideologue and the spiritual force behind practical Zionism and Labor Zionism. He founded Hapoel Hatzair, a movement that set the tone for the Zionist movement for many years to come. Influenced by Leo Tolstoy and others, it is said that in effect he made a religion of labor. However, he himself wrote in 1920, "Surely in our day it is possible to live without religion."
Feb 23 Albert Victor Bäcklund a Swedish mathematician and physicist. He was a professor at Lund University and its rector from 1907 to 1909
Feb 25 Henri Désiré Landru a French serial killer and real-life "Bluebeard".
Feb 25 Pál Simon a Hungarian athlete. He competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London
Mar 1 Rafael Moreno Aranzadi a Spanish footballer who played as a striker.
Mar 3 Vladimir Jovanović a Serbian philosopher, political theorist, economist, politician, political writer and activist for the unification of all Serbian lands in the Balkans.
Mar 4 Bert Williams one of the pre-eminent entertainers of the Vaudeville era and one of the most popular comedians for all audiences of his time. He was by far the best-selling black recording artist before 1920. In 1918, the New York Dramatic Mirror called Williams "one of the great comedians of the world."