Born in 1923

Jan 1 Frederic Tamler Sommers an American philosopher who, after an initial focus on ontology more generally, turned his attention specifically to a revival of classical logic.
Jan 1 Ousmane Sembène a Senegalese film director, producer and writer. The Los Angeles Times considered him one of the greatest authors of Africa and has often been called the "father of African film". Descended from a Serer family through his mother from the line of Matar Sène, Ousmane Sembène was particularly drawn to Serer religious festivals especially the Tuur festival
Jan 1 Roméo Sabourin a Canadian soldier and spy during World War II.
Jan 1 Vassili Kononov a Soviet partisan during World War II and a convicted war criminal and mass murderer. He is the only former Soviet partisan convicted of crimes against humanity for his role in the Mazie Bati killings, where posing as German Wehrmacht officers, Kononov led a unit into a Latvian village and killed nine people, including three women, one in the late stages of pregnancy who was burned alive
Jan 1 Milt Jackson an American jazz vibraphonist, usually thought of as a bebop player, although he performed in several jazz idioms. He is especially remembered for his cool swinging solos as a member of the Modern Jazz Quartet and his penchant for collaborating with several hard bop and post-bop players
Jan 1 Yisrael Galil best known for inventing the Galil assault rifle. He also helped create the Uzi submachine gun. He was known in the military by the nickname 'Father of the Rifle'
Jan 1 Daniel Gorenstein an American mathematician. He earned his undergraduate and graduate degrees at Harvard University, where he earned his Ph.D. in 1950 under Oscar Zariski, introducing in his dissertation a duality principle for plane curves that motivated Grothendieck's introduction of Gorenstein rings. He was a major influence on the classification of finite simple groups
Jan 1 Valentina Cortese an Italian actress. She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress in 1975 for her performance in François Truffaut's Day for Night
Jan 2 Rachel Waterhouse a local historian of Birmingham and the West Midlands of England, consumer affairs activist and writer.
Jan 3 Hank Stram an American football coach. He is best known for his 15-year tenure with the American Football League's Dallas Texans/Kansas City Chiefs and the Chiefs of the NFL. Stram won three AFL Championships and Super Bowl IV with the Chiefs. He also coached the most victories , had the most post-season appearances and the best post-season record in the AFL. Stram is largely responsible for the introduction of Gatorade to the NFL due to his close association with Ray Graves, coach at the University of Florida during Gatorade's development and infancy. Hank Stram never had an offensive coordinator, defensive coordinator, or special teams coach during his legendary career with the Dallas Texans/Kansas City Chiefs
Jan 3 Bud Tingwell an Australian film, television, theatre and radio actor. One of the veterans of Australian film, he acted in his first motion picture in 1946 and went on to appear in more than 100 films and numerous TV programs in both the United Kingdom and Australia
Jan 3 Bud Adams the owner of the Tennessee Titans, a National Football League franchise. He was instrumental in the founding and establishment of the former American Football League. Adams became a charter AFL owner with the establishment of the Titans franchise, which was originally known as the Houston Oilers. He was the senior owner with his team in the National Football League, a few months ahead of Buffalo Bills' owner Ralph Wilson. Adams also was one of the owners of the Houston Mavericks of the American Basketball Association and the former owner of the second Nashville Kats franchise of the Arena Football League. He was elected to the Hall of Fame of the American Football League, an online site, but as of 2013 is not a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame, despite several nominations and an ongoing effort to make him such
Jan 4 Flavio Testi an Italian composer of contemporary classical music and musicologist.
Jan 4 Lotika Sarkar a noted Indian feminist, social worker, educator and lawyer, who was a pioneer in the field of women's studies and women's rights in India. She was a founding member of Centre for Women's Development Studies , Delhi, established in 1980, and also Indian Association for Women Studies, established in 1982. Starting in 1951, she taught law at Faculty of Law, University of Delhi till 1983, and also remained the head of the Law Faculty, thereafter she taught at Indian Law Institute. She was the first Indian woman to graduate from Cambridge University, and later in 1951 she also became the first woman to receive a PhD degree in law from the university
Jan 4 Tito Rodríguez a popular 1950s and 1960s Puerto Rican singer and bandleader. He is known by many fans as "El Inolvidable" , a moniker based on his most popular song, a bolero written by Cuban composer Julio Gutiérrez
Jan 5 Norberto Doroteo Méndez an Argentine football midfielder. He was born on January 5, 1923, in the city of Buenos Aires in Argentina. He played 31 games for the Argentina national football team and won 3 Copa América titles and 3 Primera Division Argentina titles in his career. He is perhaps most famous for being the all-time top scorer in the history of the Copa América with 17 goals
Jan 5 Sam Phillips an American businessman, record executive, record producer and DJ who played an important role in the emergence of rock and roll as the major form of popular music in the 1950s. He was a producer, label owner, and talent scout throughout the 1940s and 1950s
Jan 6 Jacobo Timerman most noted for his confronting and reporting the atrocities of the Argentine military regime's Dirty War during a period of widespread repression. An estimated 15,000 political prisoners were "disappeared." He was persecuted, tortured and imprisoned by the Argentine junta in the late 1970s and exiled in 1979 with his wife to Israel. He was widely honored for his work as a journalist and publisher
Jan 6 Nikolay Saksonov a Russian weightlifter, world champion and Olympic medalist, who competed for the Soviet Union.
Jan 6 Edward Henryk Materski a Polish prelate of the Roman Catholic Church.
Jan 6 Jimmy Mullen (footballer born 1923) an English international footballer, who played as a striker.
Jan 6 Vladimir Kazantsev (athlete) a Soviet athlete who competed mainly in the 3000 metre steeple chase. He trained at Dynamo in Moscow
Jan 6 Norman Kirk the 29th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1972 until his sudden death in 1974. He led the Parliamentary wing of the New Zealand Labour Party from 1965 to 1974. He was the fourth Labour Prime Minister of New Zealand. Kirk had a reputation as the most formidable debater of his time
Jan 7 Cactus Pryor an American broadcaster and humorist. He received his nickname after the old Cactus Theater on Congress Avenue in Austin, Texas, which was run by his father, "Skinny" Pryor
Jan 7 Jerzy Nowosielski a Kraków-born Polish painter, graphic artist, scenographer, and illustrator.
Jan 7 Norayr Mnatsakanyan a Meritorious Artist of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic.
Jan 7 Hugh Kenner a Canadian literary scholar, critic and professor.
Jan 8 Larry Storch an American actor best known for his comic television roles, including voice-over work for cartoon shows, such as Whoopee on Tennessee Tuxedo and His Tales, and his live-action role of the bumbling Corporal Randolph Agarn on F Troop.
Jan 8 Giorgio Tozzi an American operatic bass. He was a mainstay for many years with the Metropolitan Opera, and sang principal bass roles in nearly every major opera house worldwide
Jan 8 Emanuel Rostworowski a Polish historian, professor at Kraków's Jagiellonian University, and member of the Polish Academy of Sciences.
Jan 8 Bryce DeWitt a theoretical physicist who studied gravity and field theories.
Jan 8 Ivo Michiels a Belgian writer.
Jan 8 Joseph Weizenbaum a German and American computer scientist and a professor emeritus at MIT. The Weizenbaum Award is named after him
Jan 8 Johnny Wardle an English spin bowler of post-war cricket. His Test bowling average of 20.39 is the lowest in Test cricket by any recognised spin bowler, since World War I
Jan 9 Brian Spalding Professor of Heat Transfer and Head of the Computational Fluid Dynamics Unit at Imperial College, London. He is one of the founders of, and influential persons in, the development of computational fluid dynamics. In 1983, he became a Fellow of the Royal Society
Jan 9 Karl-Heinz Metzner a German footballer. He was born in Kassel
Jan 9 Eduard Kolmanovsky a Soviet and Russian composer. He was awarded a USSR State Prize in 1984 and named a People's Artist of the USSR in 1991. A large part of his songs are dedicated to the themes of patriotic consciousness and civic awareness. Among them are: "I Love You, Life" , "Do the Russians Want War?" , "Alyosha"
Jan 9 Viktor Zhylin a Ukrainian football defender and forward and manager, the master of sports, the honored trainer of Ukraine.
Jan 9 Vasily Vladimirov a Soviet mathematician and mathematical physicist working in the fields of number theory, mathematical physics, quantum field theory, numerical analysis, generalized functions, several complex variables, p-adic analysis, multidimensional tauberian theorems.
Jan 11 Ernst Nolte a German historian and philosopher. Nolte’s major interest is the comparative studies of fascism and communism. Originally trained in philosophy, he is Professor Emeritus of Modern History at the Free University of Berlin, where he taught from 1973 until his 1991 retirement. He was previously a Professor at the University of Marburg from 1965 to 1973. He is best known for his seminal work Fascism In Its Epoch, which received widespread acclaim when it was published in 1963. Nolte has been a prominent conservative academic since the early 1960s, and involved in many controversies related to the interpretation of the history of fascism and communism. In recent years, Nolte has focused on Islamism and "Islamic fascism". He is the father of legal scholar Georg Nolte. Nolte has received several prizes, including the Hanns Martin Schleyer Prize and the Konrad Adenauer Prize
Jan 11 Jerome Bixby an American short story writer, editor and scriptwriter, best known for his work in science fiction. He also wrote many westerns and used the pseudonyms Jay Lewis Bixby, B. Lewis, Harry Neal, Albert Russell, Russell, St. Vivant, Thornecliff Herrick and Alger Rome. He is most famous for the 1953 story "It's a Good Life" which was the basis for a 1961 episode of The Twilight Zone and which was included in Twilight Zone: The Movie. He also wrote four episodes for the Star Trek series: "Mirror, Mirror", "Day of the Dove", "Requiem for Methuselah", and "By Any Other Name". With Otto Klement, he co-wrote the story upon which the classic sci-fi movie Fantastic Voyage , television series, and novel by Isaac Asimov were based. Bixby's final work was the screenplay for the 2007 cult sci-fi film The Man From Earth
Jan 11 Carroll Shelby an American automotive designer, racing driver and entrepreneur. He was best known for his involvement with the AC Cobra and later the Mustang-based performance cars for Ford Motor Company known as Shelby Mustangs which he had done since 1965. His company, Shelby American Inc., founded in 1962, currently sells modified Ford vehicles, as well as performance parts
Jan 11 Paavo Lonkila a Finnish farmer and cross-country skier who competed in the 1940s and 1950s.
Jan 11 Robert Resnick a physics educator and author of physics textbooks.
Jan 12 Thomson M. Whitin an American management scientist, and Emeritus Professor of Economics and Social Sciences at Wesleyan University, known for his work on inventory control and inventory management.
Jan 12 Alice Miller (psychologist) noted for her books on parental child abuse, translated into several languages. Her book The Drama of the Gifted Child caused a sensation and became an international bestseller with the English publication in 1981. Her views on the consequences of child abuse became highly influential. In her books she departed from psychoanalysis, charging it with being similar to the poisonous pedagogies
Jan 12 Vic Allen a British sociologist, historian and economist and Emeritus Professor at the University of Leeds who worked closely with British trade unions, the peace movement and anti-apartheid activists. He was revealed to have been an "agent of influence" for the East German Stasi secret police in 1999
Jan 12 Ira Hayes a Pima Native American and a United States Marine corporal who was one of the six flag raisers immortalized in the iconic photograph of the flag raising on Iwo Jima during World War Hayes was an enrolled member of the Gila River Pima Indian Reservation located in the Pinal and Maricopa counties in Arizona. He enlisted in the United States Marine Corps Reserve on August 26, 1942, and after recruit training, volunteered to become a Paramarine. He fought in the Bougainville and Iwo Jima campaigns in the Pacific Theatre of Operations
Jan 12 Holden Roberto Álvaro Roberto founded and led the National Liberation Front of Angola from 1962 to 1999. His memoirs are unfinished
Jan 13 Willem Slijkhuis a Dutch athlete. During his career that lasted from 1939 to 1954 he was a world’s top middle distance runner, excelling in distances from 1500 to 5000 metres