Died in 1925

Jan 4 Hirase Sakugorō a Japanese botanist and painter. Born into a samurai family in Fukui, Hirase discovered the spermatozoids of the ginkgo in January 1894, before Seiichiro Ikeno discovered the spermatozoids of the cycad
Jan 5 Yevgenia Bosch a Bolshevik activist, politician, and member of the Soviet government in Ukraine during the revolutionary period in the early 20th century.
Jan 8 Fernand Sanz a Spanish-born, naturalized French citizen, younger of two illegitimate sons of Alfonso XII, King of Spain and his mistress, Elena Sanz y Martínez de Arizala.
Jan 8 Guido Banti an Italian physician and pathologist. He also performed innovative studies on the heart, infectious diseases and bacteriology, splenomegaly, nephrology, lung disease, leukaemia and motor aphasia. He gave his name to Banti’s disease
Jan 8 George Bellows an American realist painter, known for his bold depictions of urban life in New York City, becoming, according to the Columbus Museum of Art, "the most acclaimed American artist of his generation".
Jan 10 Adolph Strümpell a Baltic German neurologist.
Jan 12 Julius Oscar Brefeld a German botanist and mycologist.
Jan 14 Camille Decoppet a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
Jan 16 Aleksey Kuropatkin the Russian Imperial Minister of War from 1898 to 1904, and often held responsible for major Russian defeats in the Russian-Japanese War, most notably at the Battle of Mukden and the Battle of Liaoyang.
Jan 18 Charles Lanrezac a French general, formerly a distinguished staff college lecturer, who commanded the French Fifth Army at the outbreak of World War I.
Jan 18 J. M. E. McTaggart John McTaggart Ellis McTaggart, commonly John McTaggart or M. McTaggart was an idealist metaphysician. For most of his life McTaggart was a fellow and lecturer in philosophy at Trinity College, Cambridge. He was an exponent of the philosophy of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and among the most notable of the British idealists
Jan 19 Robert Wilton a British journalist.
Jan 19 Maria Sophie of Bavaria the last Queen consort of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. She was one of the ten children of Maximilian Joseph, Duke in Bavaria and Princess Ludovika of Bavaria. She was born as Duchess Maria Sophia in Bavaria. She was the younger sister of the better-known Elisabeth of Bavaria who married Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria
Jan 22 Fanny Bullock Workman an American geographer, cartographer, explorer, travel writer, and mountaineer, notably in the Himalaya. She was one of the first female professional mountaineers; she not only explored but also wrote about her adventures. She set several women's altitude records, published eight travel books with her husband, and championed women's rights and women's suffrage
Jan 25 Alexander Kaulbars a general in the Imperial Russian Army during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and a noted explorer of Central Asia.
Jan 25 Juan Vucetich a Croatian-born Argentine anthropologist and police official who pioneered the use of fingerprinting.
Jan 27 Friedrich von Hügel an influential Austrian Roman Catholic layman, religious writer, Modernist theologian and Christian apologist.
Jan 27 Francis Grenfell 1st Baron Grenfell a British Army officer. After serving as aide-de-camp to the Commander-in-Chief, South Africa, he fought in the 9th Xhosa War, the Anglo-Zulu War and then the Anglo-Egyptian War. He went on to become Sirdar of the Egyptian Army and commanded the forces at the Battle of Suakin in December 1888 and at the Battle of Toski in August 1889 during the Mahdist War. After that he became Governor of Malta and then Commander-in-Chief, Ireland before retiring in 1908
Jan 28 Friedrich Siebenrock an Austrian herpetologist.
Jan 30 Nikolai Kulchitsky a Russian anatomist and histologist, the last Minister of Education of the Russian Empire.
Jan 30 Lilian Gibbs a British botanist who worked for the British Museum in London. She was the first woman and the first botanist to ascend Mount Kinabalu in February 1910. Gibbs collected many plants new to science, several of which are named in her honour
Jan 31 George Washington Cable an American novelist notable for the realism of his portrayals of Creole life in his native New Orleans, Louisiana. He has been called "the most important southern artist working in the late 19th century, as well as the first modern southern writer." In his treatment of racism, mixed-race families and miscegenation, his fiction has been thought to anticipate that of William Faulkner
Jan 31 Ulrich Wille the General of the Swiss Army during the First World War. Inspired by the Prussian techniques that he had been able to observe at the time of his studies in Berlin, he tried to impress the Swiss Army with a spirit based on instruction, discipline and technical control
Feb 2 John Lane (publisher) a British publisher.
Feb 2 Antti Aarne a Finnish folklorist.
Feb 2 Jaap Eden a Dutch athlete. He is the only male athlete to win world championships in both speed skating and bicycle racing; two women have done so
Feb 3 Oliver Heaviside a self-taught English electrical engineer, mathematician, and physicist who adapted complex numbers to the study of electrical circuits, invented mathematical techniques for the solution of differential equations , reformulated Maxwell's field equations in terms of electric and magnetic forces and energy flux, and independently co-formulated vector analysis. Although at odds with the scientific establishment for most of his life, Heaviside changed the face of mathematics and science for years to come
Feb 4 Robert Koldewey a German archaeologist, famous for his in-depth excavation of the ancient city of Babylon in modern day Iraq. He was born in Blankenburg am Harz in Germany, the duchy of Brunswick, and died in Berlin at the age of 70. His digs at Babylon revealed the foundations of the ziggurat Marduk, and the Ishtar Gate; he also developed several modern archaeological techniques including a method to identify and excavate mud brick architecture. This technique was particularly useful in his excavation of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon which was built using mainly unfired mudbricks
Feb 10 Aristide Bruant a French cabaret singer, comedian, and nightclub owner. He is best known as the man in the red scarf and black cape featured on certain famous posters by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. He has also been credited as the creator of the chanson réaliste musical genre
Feb 14 Amédée Galzin a French veterinarian and mycologist.
Feb 17 Ignacio Andrade a military and politician, member of the Liberal yellow party, President of Venezuela 1898–1899, his election was declaredly clouded by fraud.
Feb 19 Mikhail Gershenzon a Russian scholar, essayist and editor. He studied history, philosophy, and political science at Moscow University, graduating in 1894. From graduation until the Bolshevik revolution he was unable to obtain an official academic position because he was Jewish. He was a literary reviewer for Nauchnoe Slovoe from 1903 to 1905 and for Vestnik Evropy in 1907-08, and was literary editor of Kriticheskoe Obozrenie , 1907-09. He had a common-law relationship with Maria Goldenveizer from 1904 ; they had a daughter and a son. In 1909 he edited the famous essay collection Vekhi, for which he wrote the introduction and an essay
Feb 20 Marco Enrico Bossi an Italian organist, composer, improviser and pedagogue.
Feb 23 Samuel Berger (boxer) an American professional heavyweight boxer who competed in the early twentieth century.
Feb 24 Hjalmar Branting a Swedish politician. He was the leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party , and Prime Minister during three separate periods. When Branting came to power in 1920, he was the first Social Democratic Prime Minister of Sweden. When he took office for a second term after the general election of 1921, he became the first socialist politician in Europe to do so following elections with universal suffrage.In 1921, Sweden's Prime Minister Hjalmar Branting shared the Peace Prize with the Norwegian secretary-general of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, Christian Lange
Feb 24 Joseph Rowntree (philanthropist) a Quaker philanthropist and businessman from York, England. Rowntree is perhaps best known for being a champion of social reform, partner and friend of Charles Booth, and his time as a chocolatier at family business Rowntree's, one of the most important in Britain. Even as a powerful businessman, he was deeply interested in improving the quality of life of his employees; this led to him becoming a philanthropist, pursuing many charitable causes. In 1904 he created three trusts,the Joseph Rowntree Village Trust which was originally set up to build and manage the garden village of New Earswick, the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust and the Joseph Rowntree Social Services Trust. The latter two were both set up to effect social reform, the difference between them being that whereas the Charitable Trust was set up as a charity, the Social Services Trust was set up as a limited company so that if necessary it would be able to undertake social and political work not legally allowed by a charitable Trust. He suggested that only the JRVT would be permanent but in fact all the trusts are still in existence although the Social Services Trust has changed its name to the Joseph Rowntree Reform Trust and with the separation of the Joseph Rowntree Housing Trust from the Village Trust in 1968, there are now four trusts
Feb 25 Julius Weise a German entomologist. He specialised in Coleoptera, especially Chrysomelidae and Coccinellidae, and was one of the first entomologists to use genitalia to identify and classify species
Feb 25 Louis Feuillade a prolific and prominent French film director from the silent era. Between 1906 and 1924 he directed over 630 films
Feb 28 Friedrich Ebert a German politician of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and the first President of Germany from 1919 until his death in office in 1925.
Mar 1 Oskar Lenz a German-Austrian geologist and mineralogist born in Leipzig.
Mar 2 Luigj Gurakuqi an Albanian writer and politician. He was an important figure of the Albanian National Awakening and was honoured with the People's Hero of Albania medal
Mar 4 Roger de Barbarin a French trap shooter who competed in the late 19th century and early 20th century. He participated in Shooting at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris and won the gold medal in trap shooting competition
Mar 4 John Montgomery Ward an American Major League Baseball pitcher, shortstop and manager. Ward was born in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, and grew up in Renovo, Pennsylvania. He led the formation of the first professional sports players union and a new baseball league, the Players' League
Mar 4 Moritz Moszkowski a German-Jewish composer, pianist, mathematician, and teacher of Polish descent on his paternal side. His brother Alexander Moszkowski was a famous writer and satirist in Berlin
Mar 4 James Ward (psychologist) an English psychologist and philosopher. He was a Cambridge Apostle
Mar 5 Michel Verne a writer, editor, and the son of Jules Verne.
Mar 5 Johan Jensen (mathematician) a Danish mathematician and engineer. He was the president of the Danish Mathematical Society from 1892 to 1903
Mar 7 Arvid Knöppel a Swedish sport shooter who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics. In 1908 he won the gold medal in the team single-shot running deer event
Mar 7 Georgy Lvov a Russian statesman and the first post-imperial prime minister of Russia, from 15 March to 21 July 1917.
Mar 10 John Fillmore Hayford an eminent United States geodesist.