Died in 1926

Jan 4 Franz Stockhausen a German choral conductor, and a member of a celebrated German musical family.
Jan 4 Margherita of Savoy the Queen consort of the Kingdom of Italy during the reign of her husband, Umberto I.
Jan 5 Edward Granville Browne a British orientalist. He published numerous articles and books, mainly in the areas of history and literature
Jan 6 Émile Paladilhe a French composer of the late romantic period.
Jan 7 Paul Cassirer a German art dealer and editor who played a significant role in the promotion of the work of artists of the Berlin Secession and of French Impressionists and Post-Impressionists, in particular that of Vincent van Gogh and Paul Cézanne.
Jan 10 Eino Leino considered one of the pioneers of Finnish poetry. His poems combine modern and Finnish folk elements. The style of much of his work is like the Kalevala and folk songs. Nature, love, and despair are frequent themes in Leino's work. He is beloved and widely read in Finland today
Jan 12 Austin Chapman a member of several early federal ministries. He was born in Bong Bong near Bowral, New South Wales and educated at Marulan Public School and was apprenticed as a saddler at an early age. In about 1884 he went into business as a publican, storekeeper and auctioneer in Queanbeyan, and later became an investor and company director
Jan 14 August Sedláček a distinguished Czech historian and archivist.
Jan 15 Eugeniusz Żak a Belarusian artist.
Jan 15 Enrico Toselli an Italian pianist and composer. Born in Florence, he studied piano with Giovanni Sgambati and composition with Giuseppe Martucci and Reginaldo Grazzini. He embarked on a career as a concert pianist, playing in Italy, European capital cities, Alexandria and North America
Jan 21 Camillo Golgi an Italian physician, pathologist, scientist, and Nobel laureate. Several structures and phenomena in anatomy and physiology are named for him, including the Golgi apparatus, the Golgi tendon organ, and the Golgi tendon reflex
Jan 22 Carlos Schwabe a German Symbolist painter and printmaker.
Jan 23 Joseph Carl Breil an American lyric tenor, stage director, composer and conductor. He was one of the earliest American composers to compose specific music for motion pictures. His first film was Les amours de la reine Élisabeth starring Sarah Bernhardt. He later composed and arranged scores for several other early motion pictures, including such epics as W. Griffith's Birth of a Nation and Intolerance , as well as scoring the preview version of The Phantom of the Opera , a score that is now lost. His love theme for "Birth of a Nation", titled "The Perfect Song", was published by Chappell & in an arrangement for voice and keyboard. It was later used as the theme for the radio show "Amos and Andy"
Jan 23 Désiré-Joseph Mercier a Belgian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Mechelen from 1906 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1907. Mercier is noted for his staunch resistance to the German occupation of 1914–1918
Jan 24 Alexander Flamberg a Polish chess master.
Jan 25 Hermann Ritter a German viola player, composer and music historian.
Jan 26 John Flannagan (priest) 19th and 20th century Catholic priest who served as the second president of Ambrose College in Davenport, Iowa from 1891 to 1906.
Jan 28 Katō Takaaki a Japanese politician and the 24th Prime Minister of Japan from 11 June 1924 to 28 January 1926. He was also known as Katō Kōmei
Jan 28 Miura Gorō a lieutenant general in the early Imperial Japanese Army.
Jan 30 Barbara La Marr an American stage and film actress, cabaret artist, and screenwriter.
Feb 2 Eduard Hackel an Austrian botanist. His father was a veterinary in Haida. He was married and had one son
Feb 2 Vladimir Sukhomlinov a cavalry general of the Imperial Russian Army who served as the Chief of the General Staff in 1908–09 and the Minister of War until 1915, when he was ousted from office amid allegations of failure to provide necessary armaments and munitions.
Feb 2 James Israel a German surgeon who was a native of Berlin.
Feb 3 Johannes Lepsius a German Protestant missionary, Orientalist, and humanist with a special interest in trying to prevent the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire. He initially studied mathematics and philosophy in Munich and a PhD in 1880 with an already award-winning work. During World War I he published his work "Bericht über die Lage des armenischen Volkes in der Türkei" in which he meticulously documented and condemned the Armenian Genocide. A second edition entitled "Der Todesgang des armenischen Volkes" included an interview with Enver Pasha, one of the chief architects of the genocide. Lepsius had to publish the report secretly because Turkey was an ally of the German Empire and the official military censorship soon forbade the publication because it feared that it would affront the strategically important Turkish ally. However Lepsius managed to distribute more than 20,000 copies of the report. In his novel The Forty Days of Musa Dagh the Austrian-Jewish author Franz Werfel portrayed Lepsius as a "guardian angel of the Armenians"
Feb 5 André Gedalge an influential French composer and teacher.
Feb 5 Gustav Eberlein a German sculptor, painter and writer.
Feb 5 Sigmund Exner an Austrian physiologist born in Vienna.
Feb 5 Theodor Nette Ivanovich Nette – a Soviet diplomatic courier of NKID, who died in a terrorist attack on the Soviet train while delivering diplomatic mail to Berlin. Vladimir Mayakovsky published a poem praising his death – "To Comrade Nette, the Man and the Ship" saying he wants to die like Nette
Feb 6 Kathleen Mannington Caffyn an Irish-Australian novelist.
Feb 8 William Bateson an English geneticist and a Fellow of John's College, Cambridge. He was the first person to use the term genetics to describe the study of heredity and biological inheritance, and the chief populariser of the ideas of Gregor Mendel following their rediscovery in 1900 by Hugo de Vries and Carl Correns
Feb 9 Larisa Reisner a Russian writer. She is best known for her leadership roles on the side of the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War that followed the October Revolution and for being the wife of Fyodor Raskolnikov and the mistress of Karl Radek
Feb 11 Charles Piper an American botanist and agriculturalist. Born in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, he spent his youth in Seattle, Washington Territory and graduated from the University of Washington Territory in 1885. He taught botany and zoology in 1892 at the Washington Agricultural College in Pullman. He earned a Masters degree in botany in 1900 from Harvard University
Feb 12 Ye Wanyong a pro-Japanese minister of Korea, who signed the Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty, which placed Korea under Japanese rule in 1910.
Feb 13 Francis Ysidro Edgeworth an Anglo-Irish philosopher and political economist who made significant contributions to the methods of statistics during the 1880s. From 1891 onward he was appointed the founding editor of The Economic Journal
Feb 13 Edmund Dalbor a Polish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Gniezno and Poznań, thus Primate of Poland, from 1915 until his death. Dalbor was elevated to the cardinalate in 1919
Feb 14 Juan Benlloch i Vivó a Valencian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Burgos from 1919 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1921.
Feb 17 Jan Cieplak a Polish Roman Catholic priest and bishop.
Feb 20 Georg Friedrich Knapp a German economist who in 1905 published The State Theory of Money, which founded the chartalist school of monetary theory, which takes the statist stance that money must have no intrinsic value and strictly be used as governmentally-issued token, i.e., fiat money.
Feb 21 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes a Dutch physicist and Nobel laureate. He exploited the Hampson-Linde cycle to investigate how materials behave when cooled to nearly absolute zero and later to liquefy helium for the first time. His production of extreme cryogenic temperatures led to his discovery of superconductivity in 1911: for certain materials, electrical resistance abruptly vanishes at very low temperatures
Feb 26 Peter Lange-Müller a Danish composer and pianist. His compositional style was influenced by Danish folk music and by the work of Robert Schumann; Johannes Brahms; and his Danish countrymen, including J.P.E. Hartmann
Feb 27 Olga Wisinger-Florian an Austrian impressionist painter, mainly of landscapes and flower still lifes. She was a notable representative of Austrian "Stimmungsimpressionismus "
Feb 27 Augusto Silj a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura. Augusto Silj was born in Calcara di Visso, Italy. He entered the Seminary of Norcia and continued his education at the Pontifical Roman Seminary where he earned doctorates in philosophy and a doctorate in both canon and civil law
Feb 28 Ferdynand Radziwiłł a Polish nobleman and Polish-German politician. He was the son of Ferdynand Radziwiłł and Countess Leontyna von Clary und Aldringen. Through his paternal grandmother, Princess Louise of Prussia, he was a cousin of the German Emperors. At the time Poland was partitioned, he lived in the German Empire, where he was a member of the German parliament from 1874 to 1919. He was known as an important leader of the Polish minority and opponent of the Germanization and Kulturkampf policies. After Poland regained independence in 1918, he became a Polish citizen and a member of the Polish parliament
Feb 28 Giovanni Cagliero an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Apostolic Delegate to Nicaragua from 1908 to 1915, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1915.
Feb 28 Alphonse Borrelly a French astronomer.
Feb 28 Rienzi Melville Johnston an American newspaperman and Democratic Party politician from Houston, Texas. He headed the Houston Post for many years, and in 1913 served a month in the United States Senate when Governor Colquitt appointed him to complete the term of the resigned Senator Bailey
Mar 2 Macarius II the Metropolitan of Moscow and Kolomna from 1912 to 1917, an outstanding missionary and enlightener of the masses in the Altai region.
Mar 3 Julius Epstein (pianist) a Croatian Jewish pianist.
Mar 7 Paul Matschie a German zoologist.
Mar 9 Fatix Ämirxan a Tatar classic writer, editor and publicist.