Died in 1930

Jan 3 Guglielmo Plüschow a German photographer who moved to Italy and became known for his nude photos of local youths, predominantly males. Being the cousin of Wilhelm von Gloeden, who, despite taking up nude photography later than Plüschow, soon overshadowed him, Plüschow was several times at odds with the law and charged with corruption of minors. Today, his photography is recognized for its artistic merits, even though it is generally considered somewhat inferior to von Gloeden's on account of his less graceful handling of lighting and the sometimes strangely stilted poses of his models
Jan 3 Władysław Horodecki a renowned Polish architect and big-game hunter, best known for his immense contributions in Kiev urban development with buildings such as the House with Chimaeras, the Nicholas Roman Catholic Cathedral, the Karaite Kenesa, the National Art Museum of Ukraine that transformed once a provincial city of the Russian Empire into the European capital of Ukraine.
Jan 5 Rainer Ludwig Claisen a German chemist best known for his work with condensations of carbonyls and sigmatropic rearrangements. He was born in Cologne as the son of a jurist and studied chemistry at the university of Bonn , where he became a member of K.St.V. Arminia. He served in the army as a nurse in 1870–1871 and continued his studies at Göttingen University. He returned to the University of Bonn in 1872 and started his academic career at the same university in 1874. He died in 1930 in Godesberg am Rhein
Jan 9 Edward Bok a Dutch born American editor and Pulitzer Prize-winning author. He was editor of the Ladies' Home Journal for thirty years. Bok is credited with coining the term living room as the name for room of a house that had commonly been called the parlor or drawing room. He also created Bok Tower Gardens in central Florida
Jan 11 Romer Wilson a British writer. In 1921 she won the Hawthornden Prize
Jan 12 Henry de Groux a Belgian Symbolist painter, sculptor and lithographer. His 1889 painting Christ aux Outrages, widely described as his masterwork, depicted Jesus being attacked by a mob. Later in life, he produced many works depicting the horrors of the First World War
Jan 16 Marie Petipa a noted Russian ballerina. She was the daughter of Marius Petipa and Maria Petipa. Her debut was at the Mariinsky Theatre in 1875 in Le Dahlia bleu and her dancing career, mainly in the character dance repertoire, lasted until 1907, although she performed on rare occasions through 1911
Jan 19 Frank P. Ramsey a precocious British philosopher, mathematician and economist who died at the age of 26. He was a close friend of Ludwig Wittgenstein and was instrumental in translating Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus into English, as well as persuading Wittgenstein to return to philosophy and Cambridge. Like Wittgenstein, he was a member of the Cambridge Apostles, the intellectual secret society, from 1921
Jan 22 Stephen Mather an American industrialist and conservationist who as president and owner of Thorkildsen-Mather Borax Company became a millionaire. With his friend and journalist Robert Sterling Yard, Mather led a publicity campaign to promote the creation of a unified federal agency to oversee National Parks administration, which was established in 1916. In 1917 Mather was appointed as the first director of the National Park Service, the new agency created within the Department of the Interior. He served until 1929, during which time Mather created a professional civil service organization, increased the numbers of parks and national monuments, and established systematic criteria for adding new properties to the federal system
Jan 24 Rebecca Latimer Felton an American writer, lecturer, reformer, and politician who became the first woman to serve in the United States Senate. She was the most prominent woman in Georgia in the Progressive Era, and was honored by appointment to the Senate. She was sworn in November 21, 1922, and served just 24 hours. At 87 years, nine months, and 22 days old, she was the oldest freshman senator to enter the Senate. To date, she is also the only woman to have served as a Senator from Georgia. Her husband William Harrell Felton was a member of the United States House of Representatives and Georgia House of Representatives and she ran his campaigns. She was a prominent society woman; an advocate of prison reform, women's suffrage and educational modernization; and one of the few prominent women who spoke in favor of lynching. Bartley reports that by 1915 she "was championing a lengthy feminist program that ranged from prohibition to equal pay for equal work."
Jan 24 Kim Chwa-chin or Kim Jwa-jin , sometimes called the "Korean Makhno" or by his pen name Baekya, played an important role in the attempt of development of Anarchism in Korea.
Jan 27 Charles Huot a French-Canadian painter and illustrator.
Jan 27 Leonard Meredith a British track and road racing cyclist who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics, in the 1912 Summer Olympics, and in the 1920 Summer Olympics. He won seven world championships and set up one of Britain's largest cycle-parts companies and ran a roller-skating rink and ballroom
Jan 28 Emmy Destinn a Czech operatic soprano with a strong and soaring lyric-dramatic voice. She had a career both in Europe and at the New York Metropolitan Opera
Jan 31 Benedykt Dybowski a Polish naturalist and physician.
Feb 2 Hildegard Thorell a Swedish painter. Thorell was born in Kroppa parish, Värmland County on 22 February 1930. She was the daughter of an ironworks owner
Feb 2 Ernst Meyer (German politician) a German Communist political activist and politician. He is best remembered as a founding member and top leader of the Communist Party of Germany and as the leader of that party's fraction in the Prussian Landtag. A political opponent of Ernst Thälmann, Meyer was moved out of the top party leadership after 1928, not long before his death of tuberculosis-related pneumonia at the age of 43
Feb 6 Bedrifelek Kadınefendi the third wife of 34th Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II and the mother of Şehzade Mehmed Selim Efendi, Zekiye Sultan and Şehzade Ahmed Nuri Efendi of the Ottoman Empire. Her marriage served an alliance between the Ottomans and the buffer state
Feb 7 Felix Maria von Exner-Ewarten an Austrian meteorologist and geophysicist.
Feb 9 Paul Levi a German Communist and Social Democratic political leader. He was the head of the Communist Party of Germany following the assassination of Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht in 1919. After being expelled for publicly criticising Communist Party tactics during the March Action, he joined the Independent Social Democratic Party and, when this party merged with the Social Democratic Party, he became one of the leaders of its left wing
Feb 9 Richard With a Norwegian ship captain, businessman and politician for the Liberal Left Party. He is known as the founder of Vesteraalens Dampskibsselskab and Hurtigruten
Feb 13 Conrad Ansorge a German pianist, teacher and composer.
Feb 13 Anton Faistauer an Austrian Expressionist painter.
Feb 14 Thomas Mackenzie a Scottish-born New Zealand politician and explorer who briefly served as the 18th Prime Minister of New Zealand in 1912, and later served as New Zealand High Commissioner in London.
Feb 15 Giulio Douhet an Italian general and air power theorist. He was a key proponent of strategic bombing in aerial warfare. He was a contemporary of the 1920s air warfare advocates Walther Wever, Billy Mitchell and Sir Hugh Trenchard
Feb 21 Ahmad Shah Qajar Shah of Persia from 16 July 1909, to 31 October 1925, and the last ruling member of the Qajar dynasty.
Feb 22 Bill Tuttle (swimmer) an American freestyle swimmer and water polo player who represented the United States at the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Feb 22 Carlo Perosi an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Secretary of the Sacred Consistorial Congregation from 1928 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1926.
Feb 23 Mabel Normand an American silent film comedienne and actress, a popular star of Mack Sennett's Keystone Studios and noted as one of the film industry's first female screenwriters, producers and directors. Onscreen she appeared in a dozen commercially successful films with Charles Chaplin and seventeen with Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle, occasionally writing and directing movies featuring Chaplin as her leading man as well as sometimes co-writing and co-directing with Chaplin in films in which they played the lead roles. At the height of her career in the late 1910s and early 1920s, Normand had her own movie studio and production company
Feb 23 Horst Wessel a German Nazi Party activist and an SA-Sturmführer who was made a martyr of the Nazi movement following his violent death in 1930. He was the author of the lyrics to the song "Die Fahne hoch" , usually known as "Horst-Wessel-Lied", which became the Nazi Party anthem and, de facto, Germany's co-national anthem from 1933 to 1945. His death also resulted in his becoming the "patron" for the Luftwaffe's 26th Destroyer Wing and the 18th SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division during World War II
Feb 23 Jonas Jablonskis a distinguished Lithuanian linguist and one of the founders of the standard Lithuanian language. He used the pseudonym Rygiškių Jonas, taken from the small town named Rygiškiai where he spent his childhood
Feb 24 Hermann von Ihering a German-Brazilian zoologist. He was born at Kiel, Germany, and died at Gießen, Germany. He was the oldest son of Rudolf von Jhering
Feb 26 Rafael Merry del Val a British-born Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal.
Feb 26 Mary Whiton Calkins an American philosopher and psychologist. Calkins was also the first woman to become president of the American Psychological Association
Feb 28 Charles Kenneth Scott Moncrieff a Scottish writer, most famous for his English translation of most of Proust's À la recherche du temps perdu, which he published under the Shakespearean title Remembrance of Things Past.
Feb 28 James H. Snook an Ohio athlete and veterinarian convicted and executed for murder.
Mar 1 Richard Pampuri an Italian medical doctor and veteran of World War I who died after a short period as a member of the Brothers Hospitallers of John of God. He is honored as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church
Mar 1 André Lévêque a French engineer, famous for his work on heat transfer.
Mar 2 Richard Wilhelm (sinologist) a German sinologist, theologian, and missionary. He lived in China for 25 years, became fluent in spoken and written Chinese, and grew to love and admire the Chinese people. He is best remembered for his translations of philosophical works from Chinese into German that in turn have been translated into other major languages of the world, including English. His translation of the I Ching is still regarded as one of the finest, as is his translation of The Secret of the Golden Flower; both were provided with introductions by the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung, who was a personal friend. His son Hellmut Wilhelm was also a sinologist, and was professor of Chinese at the University of Washington
Mar 2 D. H. Lawrence an English novelist, poet, playwright, essayist, literary critic and painter who published as H. Lawrence. His collected works, among other things, represent an extended reflection upon the dehumanising effects of modernity and industrialisation. In them, some of the issues Lawrence explores are emotional health, vitality, spontaneity and instinct
Mar 3 Ivan Grigorovich Konstantinovich Grigorovich served as Imperial Russia's last Naval Minister from 1911 until the onset of revolution in 1917.
Mar 6 Alfred von Tirpitz a German Admiral, Secretary of State of the German Imperial Naval Office, the powerful administrative branch of the German Imperial Navy from 1897 until 1916. Prussia never had a major navy, nor did the other German states before the German Empire was formed in 1871. Tirpitz took the modest Imperial Navy and, starting in the 1890s, turned it into a world-class force that could threaten the British Royal Navy. His navy, however, was not strong enough to confront the British successfully in World War I; the one great engagement at sea, the Battle of Jutland, ended in a draw with both sides claiming victory. Tirpitz turned to submarine warfare, which antagonized the United States. He was dismissed in 1916 and never regained power
Mar 6 Herbert Gladstone 1st Viscount Gladstone a British Liberal statesman. The youngest son of William Ewart Gladstone, he was Home Secretary from 1905 to 1910 and Governor-General of the Union of South Africa from 1910 to 1914
Mar 8 Edward Terry Sanford an American jurist who served as an Associate Justice on the United States Supreme Court from 1923 until his death in 1930. Prior to his nomination to the high court, Sanford served as an Assistant Attorney General under President Theodore Roosevelt from 1905 to 1907, and as a federal district court judge from 1908 to 1923. Sanford is typically viewed as a conservative justice, favoring strict adherence to antitrust laws, and often voted with his mentor, Chief Justice William Howard Taft
Mar 8 William Howard Taft the 27th President of the United States and later the tenth Chief Justice of the United States. He is the only person to have served in both of these offices
Mar 10 Misuzu Kaneko a Japanese poet and songwriter. Born Teru Kaneko in Senzaki-mura, now part of Nagato, Yamaguchi prefecture, Senzaki was a fishing village, relying particularly on catches of Japanese sardine. Scenes of fishing and the sea often make appearances in her poems
Mar 11 Silvio Gesell a German merchant, theoretical economist, social activist, anarchist and founder of Freiwirtschaft.
Mar 12 William George Barker a Canadian First World War fighter ace and Victoria Cross recipient. He is the most decorated serviceman in the history of Canada, and indeed in the history of the British Empire and Commonwealth of Nations
Mar 12 Alois Jirásek a Czech writer, author of historical novels and plays. Jirásek was a secondary-school teacher until his retirement in 1909. He wrote a series of historical novels imbued with faith in his nation and in progress toward freedom and justice. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1918, 1919, 1921 and 1930
Mar 13 Léon Metzler a Luxembourgian football player who played for the club FCM Young Boys Diekirch. He played with the Luxembourgian national team at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp