1931 in history

1931 events chronologically

Jan 6 Thomas Edison submits his last patent application
Jan 7 Guy Menzies flies the first solo non-stop trans-Tasman flight (from Australia to New Zealand) in 11 hours and 45 minutes, crash-landing on New Zealand's west coast
Jan 21 Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia
Feb 3 The Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258
Feb 13 New Delhi becomes the capital of India
Feb 20 The Congress of the United States approves the construction of the San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge by the state of California
Mar 3 The United States adopts The Star-Spangled Banner as its national anthem

Top 7 most famous people born in 1931

Feb 1 Boris Yeltsin a Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999.
Feb 8 James Dean an American actor. He is a cultural icon of the United States and a cultural icon of teenage disillusionment, as expressed in the title of his most celebrated film, Rebel Without a Cause , in which he starred as troubled teenager Jim Stark. The other two roles that defined his stardom were loner Cal Trask in East of Eden and surly ranch hand Jett Rink in Giant. Dean's enduring fame and popularity rest on his performances in only these three films, in two of which he is in the leading role
Feb 18 Toni Morrison an American novelist, editor, and professor. Her novels are known for their epic themes, vivid dialogue, and richly detailed characters. Among her best known novels are The Bluest Eye, Sula, Song of Solomon and Beloved. She was also commissioned to write the libretto for a new opera, Margaret Garner, first performed in 2005. She won the Pulitzer Prize and the American Book Award in 1988 for Beloved and the Nobel Prize in 1993. On 29 May 2012, she received the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Mar 2 Mikhail Gorbachev a former Soviet statesman. He was the eighth and last leader of the Soviet Union, having served as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991, and as the country's head of state from 1988 until its dissolution in 1991. He was the only general secretary in the history of the Soviet Union to have been born after the October Revolution
Mar 11 Rupert Murdoch an Australian American business magnate. Murdoch became managing director of Australia's News Limited, inherited from his father, in 1952. He is the founder, Chairman and CEO of global media holding company News Corporation, the world's second-largest media conglomerate, and its successors News Corp and 21st Century Fox after the conglomerate split on 28 June 2013
Mar 22 William Shatner a Canadian actor, singer, author, film director, spokesman, and comedian. He gained worldwide fame and became a cultural icon for his portrayal of James Kirk, Captain of the United Federation of Planets starship USS Enterprise, in the science fiction television series Star Trek , Star Trek: The Animated Series , and in seven of the subsequent Star Trek feature films. He has written a series of books chronicling his experiences playing Captain Kirk and being a part of Star Trek, and has co-written several novels set in the Star Trek universe. He has also written a series of science fiction novels called TekWar which was adapted for television
Oct 7 Desmond Tutu a South African social rights activist and retired Anglican bishop who rose to worldwide fame during the 1980s as an opponent of apartheid.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1931

Jan 23 Anna Pavlova a Russian prima ballerina of the late 19th and the early 20th centuries. She was a principal artist of the Imperial Russian Ballet and the Ballets Russes of Sergei Diaghilev. Pavlova is most recognized for the creation of the role The Dying Swan and, with her own company, became the first ballerina to tour ballet around the world
Mar 23 Bhagat Singh an Indian socialist considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement. He is often referred to as "Shaheed Bhagat Singh", the word "Shaheed" meaning "martyr" in a number of South Asian and Middle Eastern languages. Born into a Sikh family which had earlier been involved in revolutionary activities against the British Raj, as a teenager Singh studied European revolutionary movements and was attracted to anarchist and Marxist ideologies. He became involved in numerous revolutionary organisations, and quickly rose through the ranks of the Hindustan Republican Association to become one of its main leaders, eventually changing its name to the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association in 1928
Apr 10 Kahlil Gibran a Lebanese artist, poet, and writer.
May 9 Albert A. Michelson an American physicist known for his work on the measurement of the speed of light and especially for the Michelson–Morley experiment. In 1907 he received the Nobel Prize in Physics. He became the first American to receive the Nobel Prize in sciences
Aug 6 Bix Beiderbecke an American jazz cornetist, jazz pianist, and composer.
Oct 3 Carl Nielsen widely recognized as Denmark's greatest composer, and is also remembered as a skilled conductor and a violinist. Brought up by poor but musically talented parents on the island of Funen, he demonstrated his musical abilities at an early age. While it was some time before his works were fully appreciated, even in his home country, Nielsen has now firmly entered the international repertoire. Especially in Europe and the United States, his music is ever more frequently performed, with interest growing in other countries too. Carl Nielsen is especially admired for his six symphonies, his Wind Quintet and his concertos for violin, flute and clarinet. In Denmark, his opera Maskarade and a considerable number of his songs have become an integral part of the national heritage. While his early music was inspired by composers such as Brahms and Grieg, he soon started to develop his own style, first experimenting with progressive tonality and later diverging even more radically from the standards of composition still common at the time. For many years, he appeared on the Danish hundred-kroner banknote
Oct 18 Thomas Edison an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park", he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large-scale teamwork to the process of invention, and because of that, he is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory