Born in 1931

Jan 1 Anatoli Ivanovich Bogdanov a former Soviet sport shooter and Olympic champion. He was born in Leningrad. He received a gold medal in 300 m rifle 3 pos at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, as his teammate Lev Vainshtein won the bronze medal. He received a gold medal in 50 m rifle 3 pos at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne. He died on 30 September 2001
Jan 1 Sergei Adian a Soviet and Russian mathematician. He is a professor at the Moscow State University and is known for his work in group theory, especially on the Burnside problem
Jan 1 Jimmy Smyth (hurler) an Irish hurler who played as a full-forward for the Clare senior team.
Jan 1 Refik Resmja an Albanian football striker. He is the second best leading scorer of all time in the Albanian Superliga after Vioresin Sinani. Resmja managed to score 59 goals in the season 1951 of Albanian National Championship. He scored all those goals in only 23 matches
Jan 2 František Šafránek a Czech football player.
Jan 2 Zakaria Tamer an influential master of the Arabic-language short story.
Jan 2 Masatoshi Nei Evan Pugh Professor of Biology at Pennsylvania State University and Director of the Institute of Molecular Evolutionary Genetics since 1990. He was born in 1931 in Miyazaki Prefecture, on Kyūshū Island, Japan. He was associate professor and professor of biology at Brown University from 1969 to 1972 and professor of population genetics at the Center for Demographic and Population Genetics, University of Texas at Houston, from 1972 to 1990. He is a theoretical population geneticist and evolutionary biologist. Acting alone or working with his students, he has continuously developed new statistical theories of molecular evolution taking into account frontier knowledge of molecular biology. He has also developed several new concepts of evolutionary theory and proposed the theory of mutation-driven evolution
Jan 2 Toshiki Kaifu a Japanese politician who was the 76th and 77th Prime Minister of Japan from 1989 to 1991.
Jan 2 Frank Marocco an American piano-accordionist, arranger and composer. He was recognized as one of the most recorded accordionists in the world
Jan 3 Shinsaku Tsukawaki a Japanese gymnast who competed in the 1956 Summer Olympics.
Jan 3 Yashawant Dinkar Phadke a historian and a political activist from Maharashtra, India.
Jan 4 Lala Mara a Fijian chief, who was better known as the widow of Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, modern Fiji's founding father who served for many years as Prime Minister and President of his country. As Fiji's First Lady, Adi Lala took on a diplomatic role, frequently representing her country abroad. She was regarded as a formidable and astute woman, whose influence on her husband was said to be considerable
Jan 4 Nirupa Roy an Indian actress who appeared in Hindi films. Roy was mostly known for portraying character roles of the Indian mother. She played leading roles in her early films and started playing mother roles during the 1970s – 80's. Her acting career spanned more than 50 years, and she acted in more than 475 films. She was referred to as the "queen of misery" in Hindi film circles
Jan 4 William Deane a former Australian judge and was the 22nd Governor-General of Australia.
Jan 5 Joan Coxsedge an Australian artist, activist, and a former politician. She was one of the first two women elected to the Victorian Legislative Council in 1979
Jan 5 Alvin Ailey an African-American choreographer and activist who founded the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater in New York City. He is credited with popularizing modern dance and revolutionizing African-American participation in 20th-century concert dance. His company gained the nickname "Cultural Ambassador to the World" because of its extensive international touring. Ailey's choreographic masterpiece Revelations is believed to be the best known and most often seen modern dance performance. In 1977, Ailey was awarded the Spingarn Medal from the NAACP. He received the Kennedy Center Honors in 1988, just one year before his death. In 2014, President Barack Obama selected Ailey to be a posthumous recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Jan 5 Robert Duvall an American actor and director. He has been nominated for six Academy Awards , six Golden Globes , and has multiple nominations and one win each of the BAFTA, Screen Actors Guild Award, and Emmy Award. He received the National Medal of Arts in 2005. He has starred in some of the most acclaimed and popular films and television series of all time, including The Twilight Zone, The Outer Limits, To Kill a Mockingbird, THX 1138, Colors, Joe Kidd, The Godfather, The Godfather Part II, MASH, Network, The Apostle, True Grit, The Conversation, Apocalypse Now, Falling Down, Tender Mercies, The Natural, Lonesome Dove, and Get Low
Jan 5 Alfred Brendel an Austrian pianist, poet and author. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest pianists of all time
Jan 6 P. J. Kavanagh an English poet, lecturer, actor, broadcaster and columnist. His father was the ITMA scriptwriter, Ted Kavanagh
Jan 6 David Whitaker (composer) an English composer, songwriter, arranger, and conductor who was most active in the 1960s and 1970s.
Jan 6 Dickie Moore (ice hockey) a Canadian former professional hockey player, successful businessman and community philanthropist. He twice won the Art Ross Trophy as the National Hockey League's leading scorer and was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame
Jan 6 E. L. Doctorow Edgar Lawrence "E. L." Doctorow is an American author. He is known internationally for his unique works of historical fiction
Jan 6 Juan Goytisolo a Spanish poet, essayist, and novelist. He lives in Marrakech
Jan 7 Mirja Hietamies a cross country skier from Finland who competed during the 1950s. She was born in Lemi, South Karelia
Jan 7 Rolando Rivi born 7 January 1931 in a village in the municipality of Castellarano , rural village, situated at 300 meters above sea level on the foothills of the Apennines, between the river and the river Secchia Tresinaro.
Jan 8 Bill Graham (promoter) an American impresario and rock concert promoter from the 1960s until his death in 1991 in a helicopter crash. He fled from Germany and, in 1941, from France to escape the Holocaust. At age ten he settled in a foster home in the Bronx, New York. Graham graduated from DeWitt Clinton High School and from City College with a business degree
Jan 8 Chuck Metcalf an American jazz double-bassist. He taught at Garfield High School's Magnet Program with saxophonist Joe Brazil in 1968. In 1980 he toured with Dexter Gordon. His first solo studio album named Elsie Street was released in 1989. In January 2012 he died from cancer
Jan 8 Clarence Benjamin Jones the former personal counsel, advisor, draft speech writer and close friend of Martin Luther King, He is a Scholar in Residence at the Martin Luther King, Institute at Stanford University. He is the author of What Would Martin Say? and "Behind the Dream: The Making of the Speech that Transformed a Nation"
Jan 9 Abdul Haq Ansari an Islamic scholar from India. He was the Amir of Jamaat-e-Islami Hind from 2003 to 2007. He was the member of Central Advisory Council of Jamaat-e-Islami Hind. He was also the Chancellor of Jamia Islamia, Shantapuram, Kerala. His masterpiece ‘Learning the Language of Quran’ is considered as one of the best English guides for the beginners of Qur'anic studies
Jan 9 Erhard Krack an East German politician and mayor of East Berlin from 1974 to 1990.
Jan 9 Algis Budrys a Lithuanian-American science fiction author, editor, and critic. He was also known under the pen names "Frank Mason," "Alger Rome," "John Sentry," "William Scarff," and "Paul Janvier."
Jan 9 Ángel Berni a former football striker.
Jan 9 Paul Mantee an American film and television actor.
Jan 10 Massimo Vignelli an Italian designer who worked in a number of areas ranging from package design through houseware design and furniture design to public signage and showroom design. He was the co-founder of Vignelli Associates, with his wife, Lella. His ethos was, "If you can design one thing, you can design everything," and this was reflected in the broad range of his work
Jan 10 Rosalind Howells Baroness Howells of St Davids a Labour member of the House of Lords.
Jan 10 Peter Barnes (playwright) an English Olivier Award-winning playwright and screenwriter. His most famous work is the play The Ruling Class, which was made into a 1972 film for which Peter O'Toole received an Oscar nomination
Jan 10 John Zizioulas the Eastern Orthodox metropolitan of Pergamon. He is the Chairman of the Academy of Athens and a noted theologian
Jan 11 Sulev Nõmmik an Estonian theatre and movie director, actor, humorist and comedian. He's mostly associated with the comical character of Kärna Ärni and the related fictional village of Uduvere , but he was also influential in writing scripts for several well-known movies, including Mehed ei nuta, Siin me oleme! and Noor pensionär
Jan 11 Betty Churcher best known as director of the National Gallery of Australia from 1990 to 1997. She was also a painter in her own right earlier in her life. She won a travelling scholarship to Europe and attended the London Royal College of Art. She received an Master of Arts from the Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London in 1977
Jan 11 Eve Queler an American conductor and the emerita Artistic Director of the Opera Orchestra of New York. She founded the OONY in 1971, after having worked on the staffs of the Metropolitan Opera and the New York City Opera. She is notable for her advocacy for, and conducting of, lesser known and less-frequently performed operas, such as Rienzi and Jenůfa
Jan 11 Mary Rodgers an American composer of musicals and an author of children's books. She was a daughter of composer Richard Rodgers and his wife, Dorothy Belle. She had a sister, Mrs. Linda Emory. She attended the Brearley School in Manhattan, and majored in music at Wellesley College
Jan 13 Ian Hendry an English film, television and stage actor. He was best known for his work on several British TV series of the 1960s and 1970s, including The Avengers and The Lotus Eaters, as well as for his roles in films such as Live Now, Pay Later , The Hill , Repulsion and Get Carter
Jan 13 Charles Nelson Reilly an American actor, comedian, director, and drama teacher known for his comedic roles in stages, films, children's television, and cartoons, and as a game show panelist.
Jan 13 Chris Wiggins an English-born Canadian actor.
Jan 14 Frank Costigan most famous for chairing the Costigan Commission into organised crime.
Jan 14 Martin Holdgate an English biologist and environmental scientist.
Jan 14 Caterina Valente an Italian singer, guitarist, dancer, and actress. She was born into an Italian artist family. Her father, Giuseppe, was a well-known accordion player; her mother, Maria, a musical clown. She had three siblings, one of whom, Silvio , was also active in show business
Jan 15 Lee Bontecou an American sculptor. She attended the Art Students League of New York from 1952 to 1955, where she studied with the sculptor William Zorach. She received a Fulbright scholarship to study in Rome in 1957-1958 and the Louis Comfort Tiffany Award in 1959. From the 1970s until 1991 she taught at Brooklyn College
Jan 15 Murad Kajlayev a well-known Soviet and Dagestani composer and conductor, People's Artist of the USSR , laureate of international premiums and contests, Artistic Director and chief conductor of the Great Academic Concert Orchestra named after Silantyev, professor and academician at Russian Academy of Natural Sciences.
Jan 16 Robert L. Park an emeritus professor of physics at the University of Maryland, College Park and a former director of public information at the Washington office of the American Physical Society. Park is most noted for his critical commentaries on alternative medicine and pseudoscience, as well as his criticism of how legitimate science is distorted or ignored by the media, some scientists, and public policy advocates as expressed in his book Voodoo Science. He is also noted for his preference for robotic over manned space exploration