Died in 1931

Jan 1 Hjalmar Bergman a Swedish writer and playwright.
Jan 1 Martinus Beijerinck a Dutch microbiologist and botanist.
Jan 3 Joseph Joffre Marshal Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre, G.C.B., O.M. was a French general during World War He is most known for regrouping the retreating allied armies to defeat the Germans at the strategically decisive First Battle of the Marne in 1914. His popularity led to his nickname Papa Joffre
Jan 4 Mohammad Ali Jouhar an Indian Muslim leader, activist, scholar, journalist and poet, and was among the leading figures of the Khilafat Movement.
Jan 4 Art Acord an American silent film actor and rodeo champion.
Jan 4 Louise Princess Royal the third child and the eldest daughter of King Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark. She was the younger sister of King George V and the sixth daughter of a British monarch to be styled Princess Royal
Jan 6 Harry Clarke an Irish stained-glass artist and book illustrator. Born in Dublin, he was a leading figure in the Irish Arts and Crafts Movement
Jan 7 Ignatz Urban a German botanist. He is known for his contributions to the flora of the Caribbean and Brazil, and for his work as curator of the Berlin Botanical Garden. Born the son of a brewer, Urban showed an interest in botany as an undergraduate. He pursued further study at the University of Bonn and later at the University of Berlin where he gained a doctorate in 1873. Urban was appointed by W. Eichler to run the Berlin Botanical Garden and supervised its move to Dahlem. He also worked as Eichler's assistant on the Flora Brasiliensis, later succeeding him as editor. In 1884 Urban began working with Leopold Krug on his Puerto Rican collections, a collaboration would later produce the nine-volume Symbolae Antillanae, one of his most important contributions, and his 30-part Sertum Antillanum. Urban's herbarium, estimated to include 80,000 or more sheets, was destroyed when the Berlin Herbarium was bombed in 1943, during the Second World War
Jan 7 Edward Channing an American historian and an author of a monumental History of the United States in six volumes, for which he won the 1926 Pulitzer Prize for History. His thorough research in printed sources and judicious judgments made the book a standard reference for scholars for decades. Channing taught at Harvard 1883–1929 and trained many PhD's who became professors at major universities
Jan 9 Wayne Munn an American professional wrestler, World Heavyweight Champion and collegiate football player from the University of Nebraska.
Jan 10 James Milton Carroll an American Baptist pastor, leader, historian, author, and educator.
Jan 11 Nathan Straus an American merchant and philanthropist who co-owned two of New York City's biggest department stores – R.H. Macy & Company and Abraham & Straus – before giving away most of his fortune to various projects in Ottoman Palestine
Jan 13 Kārlis Balodis a notable Latvian economist, financist, statistician and demographist. Most notably, he is the author of civilian rationing, which was first used in Germany during the First World War. Balodis has received the Grand Gold Medal of the Russian Academy of Sciences, as well as Dmitry Tolstoy Prize
Jan 16 Carl Hansen Ostenfeld a Danish systematic botanist. He graduated from the University of Copenhagen under professor Eugenius Warming. He was a keeper at the Botanical Museum 1900-1918, when he became professor of botany at the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural College. In 1923, by the early retirement of Raunkiær's, Ostenfeld became professor of botany at the University of Copenhagen and director of the Copenhagen Botanical Garden, both positions held until his death in 1931. He was a member of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters and served on the board of directors of the Carlsberg Foundation
Jan 17 René Viguier a French botanist known for his investigations of plants within the family Araliaceae.
Jan 17 Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia a Russian Grand Duke and a member of the Russian Imperial Family.
Jan 21 Felix Blumenfeld a Russian composer, conductor, pianist, and teacher.
Jan 22 László Batthyány-Strattmann a Hungarian aristocrat and physician. A devout Catholic, he became known as the "doctor of the poor" and was beatified by the church in 2003
Jan 22 Alma Rubens an American film actress and stage performer.
Jan 22 William Martin (sport shooter) an American sport shooter, who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 23 August Rohling a German Catholic theologian, student of anti-Semitic texts, and polemical author.
Jan 23 Ernst Seidler von Feuchtenegg an Austrian politician and statesman. He served as Minister-President of Austria from 1917 until 1918. His daughter was the actress Alma Seidler
Jan 23 Anna Pavlova a Russian prima ballerina of the late 19th and the early 20th centuries. She was a principal artist of the Imperial Russian Ballet and the Ballets Russes of Sergei Diaghilev. Pavlova is most recognized for the creation of the role The Dying Swan and, with her own company, became the first ballerina to tour ballet around the world
Jan 27 Nishinoumi Kajirō II a sumo wrestler. He was the sport's 25th yokozuna
Jan 28 Gunther Plüschow a German aviator, aerial explorer and author from Munich, Bavaria. His feats include the only escape by a German prisoner of war in either world war from Britain back to Germany; he was the first man to explore and film Tierra del Fuego and Patagonia from the air. He was killed on a second aerial expedition to Patagonia in 1931. As an aviator and explorer, he is honoured as a hero by the Argentine Air Force to this day
Jan 29 Henri Mathias Berthelot a French general during World War He served as chief of staff under Joseph Joffre, the French commander-in-chief.
Jan 29 Archibald Robertson (bishop) the seventh Principal of King's College London who later served as Bishop of Exeter.
Jan 31 William Hechler a Restorationist Anglican clergyman, eschatological writer, crusader against anti-Semitism, promoter of Zionism, aide, counselor, friend and legitimizer of Theodor Herzl the founder of the modern Zionism.
Feb 1 Prince Emmanuel Duke of Vendôme a French noble from the House of Orléans.
Feb 2 Yervand Lalayan ethnographer, archaeologist, folklorist. He was also the founder and the first director of the History Museum of Armenia, from 1919 to 1927
Feb 5 Athanasios Eftaxias a Greek politician. He was born in Amfikleia, Phthiotis, and was briefly Prime Minister of Greece from July to August 1926. He died in Athens
Feb 6 Motilal Nehru an Indian lawyer, an activist of the Indian National Movement and an important leader of the Indian National Congress, who also served as the Congress President twice, 1919–1920 and 1928–1929. He was the founder patriarch of India's most powerful political family, the Nehru-Gandhi family
Feb 7 Tommaso Tittoni an Italian diplomat, politician and Knight of the Annunziata.
Feb 9 Mammad Hasan Hajinski an Azerbaijani architect and statesman. He also served as a Minister for Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic and the last Prime Minister of ADR
Feb 11 Charles Algernon Parsons a British engineer, best known for his invention of the steam turbine. He worked as an engineer on dynamo and turbine design, and power generation, with great influence on the naval and electrical engineering fields. He also developed optical equipment, for searchlights and telescopes
Feb 12 Samad bey Mehmandarov an Azerbaijani General of the Artillery in the Imperial Russian Army and served as the Minister of Defense of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.
Feb 13 Joseph Dowler a British tug of war competitor who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics and in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Feb 15 Lillian Leitzel an acrobat and strongwoman for the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus.
Feb 16 Wilhelm von Gloeden a German photographer who worked mainly in Italy. He is mostly known for his pastoral nude studies of Sicilian boys, which usually featured props such as wreaths or amphoras suggesting a setting in the Greece or Italy of antiquity. From a modern standpoint, his work is commendable due to his controlled use of lighting as well as the often elegant poses of his models. His innovations include the use of photographic filters and special body makeup to disguise skin blemishes
Feb 18 Milan Šufflay a Croatian historian and politician. He was one of the founders of albanology and the author of the first Croatian science fiction novel. As a Croatian nationalist, he was persecuted in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and his murder subsequently caused an internationally publicized affair
Feb 19 Tovmas Nazarbekian an Armenian general in the Russian Caucasus Army and later promoted to commander-in-chief of the First Republic of Armenia.
Feb 20 Grigory Pirogov a Russian bass opera singer.
Feb 23 Nellie Melba an Australian operatic soprano. She became one of the most famous singers of the late Victorian Era and the early 20th century. She was the first Australian to achieve international recognition as a classical musician. She took the pseudonym "Melba" from Melbourne, Victoria, her home town
Feb 25 Johannes Reinke a German botanist and philosopher who was a native of Ziethen, Lauenburg. He is remembered for his research of benthic marine algae
Feb 26 Otto Wallach a German chemist and recipient of the 1910 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on alicyclic compounds.
Feb 27 Chandra Shekhar Azad an Indian revolutionary who reorganised the Hindustan Republican Association under the new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association after the death of its founder, Ram Prasad Bismil, and three other prominent party leaders, Roshan Singh, Rajendra Nath Lahiri and Ashfaqulla Khan. He is considered to be the mentor of Bhagat Singh and chief strategist of the HSRA
Feb 27 Vladimir Szmurlo a Russian Esperantist and railway engineer.
Mar 1 Henry Allen Cooper a U.S. Representative from Wisconsin
Mar 3 Hasan Izzet Pasha a general of the Ottoman Empire.
Mar 5 Arthur Tooth a Ritualist priest in the Church of England and a member of the Society of the Holy Cross. Tooth is best known for being prosecuted in 1876 under the Public Worship Regulation Act 1874 for using proscribed liturgical practices. He was also briefly imprisoned as a result of the prosecution in 1877