1933 events in history

Jan 3 Minnie D. Craig becomes the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States
Jan 5 Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins in San Francisco Bay
Jan 14 The controversial "Bodyline" cricket tactics used by Douglas Jardine's England peak when Australian captain Bill Woodfull is hit over the heart
Jan 15 A twelve-year-old girl experiences the first Marian apparition of Our Lady of Banneux in Banneux, Belgium
Jan 24 The 20th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, changing the beginning and end of terms for all elected federal offices
Jan 28 The name Pakistan is coined by Choudhry Rahmat Ali Khan and is accepted by the Indian Muslims who then thereby adopted it further for the Pakistan Movement seeking independence
Jan 30 Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany
Feb 2 Working as maids, the sisters Christine and Léa Papin murder their employer's wife and daughter in Le Mans, France. The case is the subject of a number of French films and plays
Feb 10 In round 13 of a boxing match at New York City's Madison Square Garden, Primo Carnera knocks out Ernie Schaaf. Schaaf dies four days later
Feb 15 In Miami, Florida, Giuseppe Zangara attempts to assassinate President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, but instead shoots Chicago mayor Anton J. Cermak, who dies of his wounds on March 6, 1933
Feb 17 The Blaine Act ends Prohibition in the United States
Feb 20 The Congress of the United States proposes the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution that will end Prohibition in the United States
Feb 20 Adolf Hitler secretly meets with German industrialists to arrange for financing of the Nazi Party's upcoming election campaign
Feb 25 The USS Ranger is launched. It is the first US Navy ship to be built solely as an aircraft carrier
Feb 27 Reichstag fire: Germany's parliament building in Berlin, the Reichstag, is set on fire, apparently by the Communists
Feb 28 Gleichschaltung: The Reichstag Fire Decree is passed in Germany a day after the Reichstag fire
Mar 2 The film King Kong opens at New York's Radio City Music Hall
Mar 4 Frances Perkins becomes United States Secretary of Labor, the first female member of the United States Cabinet
Mar 4 The Parliament of Austria is suspended because of a quibble over procedure – Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss initiates an authoritarian rule by decree
Mar 5 Great Depression: President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a "bank holiday", closing all U.S. banks and freezing all financial transactions
Mar 5 Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party receives 43.9% at the Reichstag elections. This later allows the Nazis to pass the Enabling Act and establish a dictatorship
Mar 9 Great Depression: President Franklin D. Roosevelt submits the Emergency Banking Act to Congress, the first of his New Deal policies
Mar 10 An earthquake in Long Beach, California kills 115 people and causes an estimated $40 million in damage
Mar 12 Great Depression: Franklin D. Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States. This is also the first of his "fireside chats"
Mar 13 Great Depression: Banks in the U.S. begin to re-open after President Franklin D. Roosevelt mandates a "bank holiday"
Mar 15 Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss keeps members of the National Council from convening, starting the austrofascist dictatorship
Mar 20 Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler ordered the creation of Dachau Concentration Camp as Chief of Police of Munich and appointed Theodor Eicke as the camp commandant
Mar 20 Giuseppe Zangara is executed in Florida's electric chair for fatally shooting Anton Cermak in an assassination attempt against President-Elect Franklin D. Roosevelt
Mar 21 Construction of Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed
Mar 23 The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act of 1933, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany
Mar 28 The Imperial Airways biplane City of Liverpool is believed to be the first airline lost to sabotage when a passenger sets a fire on board
Mar 31 The Civilian Conservation Corps is established with the mission of relieving rampant unemployment in the United States
Apr 1 The recently elected Nazis under Julius Streicher organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany, ushering in a series of anti-Semitic acts
Apr 1 English cricketer Wally Hammond sets a record for the highest individual Test innings of 336 not out, during a Test match against New Zealand
Apr 3 First flight over Mount Everest, a British expedition, led by the Marquis of Clydesdale, and funded by Lucy, Lady Houston
Apr 4 U.S. Navy airship, USS Akron, is wrecked off the New Jersey coast due to severe weather
Apr 5 U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs two executive orders: 6101 to establish the Civilian Conservation Corps, and 6102 "forbidding the Hoarding of Gold Coin, Gold Bullion, and Gold Certificates" by U.S. citizens
Apr 7 Prohibition in the United States is repealed for beer of no more than 3.2% alcohol by weight, eight months before the ratification of the XXI amendment
Apr 24 Nazi Germany begins its persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses by shutting down the Watch Tower Society office in Magdeburg
Apr 26 The Gestapo, the official secret police force of Nazi Germany, is established
May 1 The Humanist Manifesto I published
May 1 The Roca–Runciman Treaty between Argentina and Great Britain is signed by Julio Argentino Roca, Jr., and Sir Walter Runciman
May 2 Gleichschaltung: Adolf Hitler bans trade unions
May 6 The Deutsche Studentenschaft attacked Magnus Hirschfeld's Institut für Sexualwissenschaft, later burning many of its books
May 8 Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against the British rule in India
May 10 Censorship: In Germany, the Nazis stage massive public book burnings
May 12 The Agricultural Adjustment Act is enacted to restrict agricultural production by paying farmers subsidies
May 17 Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort form Nasjonal Samling — the national-socialist party of Norway
May 18 New Deal: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs an act creating the Tennessee Valley Authority
May 27 The Century of Progress World's Fair opens in Chicago, Illinois