Died in 1934

Jan 1 Jakob Wassermann a German writer and novelist of Jewish descent.
Jan 1 Blagoje Bersa a Croatian musical composer of substantial influence.
Jan 2 Jean de Madre a British polo player who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Jan 3 Alexander Munro (athlete) a British strongman, wrestler, and tug of war competitor who competed in the latter sport in the 1908 Summer Olympics and in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 6 Herbert Chapman an English association football player and manager. Though he had an undistinguished playing career, he went on to become one of the most successful and influential managers in early 20th-century English football, before his sudden death in 1934. Football-historically he is most notable as creator of the WM-formation
Jan 7 Theodor Szántó a Hungarian Jewish pianist and composer.
Jan 7 Auguste Dubail a French Army general. He commanded the First Army and Army Group East during World War I
Jan 7 Henry Stephens Washington an American geologist.
Jan 8 Andrei Bely a Russian novelist, poet, theorist, and literary critic. His novel Petersburg was regarded by Vladimir Nabokov as one of the four greatest novels of the 20th century
Jan 8 Alexandre Stavisky a French financier and embezzler whose actions created a political scandal that became known as the Stavisky Affair.
Jan 9 Hakaru Hashimoto a Japanese medical scientist of the Meiji and Taishō periods.
Jan 10 Marinus van der Lubbe a Dutch council communist convicted of, and executed for, setting fire to the German Reichstag building on 27 February 1933, an event known as the Reichstag fire.
Jan 12 Paul Kochanski a Polish violinist, composer and arranger.
Jan 12 Surya Sen noted for leading the 1930 Chittagong armoury raid In Chittagong of Bengal in British India. Sen was a school teacher by profession and was popularly called as Master He was influenced by the nationalist ideals in 1916, when he was a student of B.A. in Behrampore College. In 1918 he was selected as president of Indian National Congress, Chittagong branch
Jan 13 Paul Ulrich Villard a French chemist and physicist, born in Saint-Germain-au-Mont-d'Or, Rhône, 28 September 1860. He discovered gamma rays in 1900 while studying the radiation emanating from radium
Jan 13 Bunzō Hayata a Japanese botanist noted for his taxonomic work in Japan and Formosa. He was a professor at the Imperial University of Tokyo and third director of the Research Botanical Gardens. The botanist Hiroyoshi Ohashi has published a detailed and useful biography of Hayata
Jan 13 Jean-Baptiste Marchand a French military officer and explorer in Africa. Marchand is best known for commanding the French expeditionary force during the Fashoda Incident
Jan 14 Ioan Cantacuzino a renowned Romanian physician and bacteriologist, a professor at the Romanian School of Medicine and Pharmacy and a member of the Romanian Academy. He established the fields of microbiology and experimental medicine in Romania, and founded the Ioan Cantacuzino Institute
Jan 14 Paul Marie Eugène Vieille a French chemist and the inventor of modern nitrocellulose-based smokeless gunpowder in 1884. The new smokeless powder was three times as powerful as black powder for the same weight and left virtually no residues of combustion. Paul Vieille soon became director of the "Laboratoire Central des Poudres et Salpetres" in Paris where his research had taken place. His invention was applied not only to small arms but also to the full range of artillery ammunition. His invention was widely followed within a short time by all the major military powers. Vieille received the Prix Leconte in 1889 in recognition of his discovery. Veille was a member of the French Academy of Sciences
Jan 15 Hermann Bahr an Austrian writer, playwright, director, and critic.
Jan 16 Annie Patterson an Irish organist, music educator, writer, composer, and arranger.
Jan 16 Tokihiko Okada a Japanese silent film star in Japan during the 1920s and early 1930s. A Tokyo native, he first started at the Taikatsu studio and later he was a leading player for such legendary Japanese directors as Yasujiro Ozu and Kenji Mizoguchi. Film critic Tadao Sato recounts that Okada was among the handsomest and favorite Japanese actors of the era. Throughout his career, Okada played the role of the quintessential nimaime which were romantic, sensitive men as opposed to the rugged and hard-boiled leading men known as tateyaku. He was the father of film actress Mariko Okada. Tokihiko Okada died of tuberculosis a month and two days before turning 31 years of age
Jan 17 Karl Fritsch an Austrian botanist. He was born in Vienna and educated mainly at the University of Vienna, obtaining his PhD degree in 1886 and his Habilitation in 1890. In 1900 he moved to the University of Graz as professor of Systematic Botany, where he built up the botanical institute. In 1910 he was appointed as director of the university's botanical garden, and in 1916 the new institute acquired its own building. He continued at Graz for the rest of his career, and died there
Jan 18 Otakar Ševčík a Czech violinist and influential teacher. He was known as a soloist and an ensemble player, including his occasional performances with Eugène Ysaÿe
Jan 21 Aref Qazvini an Iranian poet, lyricist, and musician.
Jan 21 Paul Troost a German architect. An extremely tall, spare-looking, reserved Westphalian with a close-shaven head, Troost belonged to a school of architects, Peter Behrens and Walter Gropius who, even before 1914, reacted sharply against the highly ornamental Jugendstil and advocated a restrained, lean architectural approach, almost devoid of ornament. Troost graduated from designing steamship décor before World War I, and the fittings for showy transatlantic liners like the Europa, to a style that combined Spartan traditionalism with elements of modernity
Jan 21 Friedrich Ferdinand Duke of Schleswig-Holstein the fourth Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.
Jan 23 William Bate Hardy a British biologist and food scientist.
Jan 23 J. E. Preston Muddock a prolific British journalist and author of mystery and horror fiction. For a time his detective stories were as popular as those of Arthur Conan Doyle. Between 1889 and 1922 he published nearly 300 detective and mystery stories
Jan 25 George Barnes (sport shooter) a British sport shooter who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 29 Fritz Haber a German chemist of Jewish origin who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his development for synthesizing ammonia, important for fertilizers and explosives. The food production for half the world's current population depends on this method for producing fertilizer. Haber, along with Max Born, proposed the Born–Haber cycle as a method for evaluating the lattice energy of an ionic solid
Jan 30 Frank Nelson Doubleday known to friends and family as “Effendi”, founded the eponymous Doubleday & McClure Company in 1897, which later operated under other names. Starting work at the age of 14 after his father's business failed, Doubleday began with Charles Scribner's Sons in New York
Feb 5 William Morris Davis an American geographer, geologist, geomorphologist, and meteorologist, often called the "father of American geography".
Feb 8 Ferenc Móra a Hungarian novelist, journalist, and museologist.
Feb 10 Aloisia Kirschner an Austrian novelist, born in Prague and favorably known under her pseudonym Ossip Schubin, which she borrowed from the novel Helena by Ivan Turgenev.
Feb 13 József Pusztai a Slovene writer, poet, journalist, teacher and cantor in Hungary. He was also known under the pen name of Tibor Andorhegyi
Feb 14 Marc-André Raffalovich a French poet and writer on homosexuality, best known today for his patronage of the arts and for his lifelong relationship with the poet John Gray.
Feb 15 Jules-Alexandre Grün a French post-impressionist painter, poster artist, and illustrator.
Feb 16 Eduard Bagritsky an important Russian and Soviet poet of the Constructivist School.
Feb 17 Albert I of Belgium reigned as King of the Belgians from 1909 to 1934. This was an eventful period in the History of Belgium since it included the period of World War I , when 90 percent of Belgium was overrun, occupied, and ruled by the German Empire. Other crucial issues included the adoption of the Treaty of Versailles, the ruling of the Belgian Congo as an overseas possession of the Kingdom of Belgium along with the League of Nations mandate of Ruanda-Urundi, the reconstruction of Belgium following the war, and the first five years of the Great Depression. King Albert was killed in a mountaineering accident in eastern Belgium in 1934, at the age of 58, and he was succeeded by his son Leopold
Feb 17 Siegbert Tarrasch one of the strongest chess players and most influential chess teachers of the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Feb 19 Alexander Rogers a British sport shooter, who competed at the 1908 Summer Olympics and the 1924 Summer Olympics.
Feb 21 Augusto César Sandino a Nicaraguan revolutionary and leader of a rebellion between 1927 and 1933 against the U.S. military occupation of Nicaragua. He was referred to as a "bandit" by the United States government; his exploits made him a hero throughout much of Latin America, where he became a symbol of resistance to United States' domination. He drew units of the United States Marine Corps into an undeclared guerrilla war. The United States troops withdrew from the country in 1933 after overseeing the election and inauguration of President Juan Bautista Sacasa, who had returned from exile. The re-call of the Marines was largely due to the Great Depression
Feb 22 Willem Kes a Dutch conductor and violinist.
Feb 23 Edward Elgar an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire. Among his best-known compositions are orchestral works including the Enigma Variations, the Pomp and Circumstance Marches, concertos for violin and cello, and two symphonies. He also composed choral works, including The Dream of Gerontius, chamber music and songs. He was appointed Master of the King's Musick in 1924
Feb 24 Pyotr Slovtsov a famous Russian tenor.
Feb 25 Elizabeth Gertrude Britton an American botanist, bryologist, and educator. She and her husband, Nathaniel Lord Britton played a significant role in the fundraising and creation of the New York Botanical Garden. She was a co-founder of the predecessor to the American Bryological and Lichenological Society. She was an activist for protection of wildflowers, inspiring local chapter activities and the passage of legislation. Elizabeth Britton made major contributions to the literature of mosses, publishing 170 papers in that field
Feb 25 John McGraw a Major League Baseball player and long-time manager of the New York Giants. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937
Feb 28 Sergey Oldenburg a Russian orientalist who specialized in Buddhist studies. He was a disciple of Ivan Minayev, the founder of Russian Indology
Mar 1 Toros Toramanian a prominent Armenian architect. He is considered "the father of Armenian architectural historiography."