1934 events in history

Jan 1 Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring"
Jan 1 Alcatraz Island becomes a United States federal prison
Jan 13 The Candidate of Sciences degree is established in the Soviet Union
Jan 26 The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City
Jan 26 German–Polish Non-Aggression Pact is signed
Jan 28 The first ski tow in the United States begins operation in Vermont
Feb 2 The Export-Import Bank of the United States is incorporated
Feb 6 Far-right leagues rally in front of the Palais Bourbon in an attempted coup against the French Third Republic, creating a political crisis in France
Feb 9 The Balkan Entente is formed
Feb 12 In Spain the national council of Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista decides to merge the movement with the Falange Española
Feb 12 The Austrian Civil War begins
Feb 13 The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean
Feb 16 The Austrian Civil War ends with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund
Feb 23 Leopold III becomes King of Belgium
Mar 12 Konstantin Päts and General Johan Laidoner stage a coup in Estonia, and ban all political parties
Mar 24 United States Congress passes the Tydings–McDuffie Act, allowing the Philippines to become a self-governing commonwealth
Mar 26 The driving test is introduced in the United Kingdom
Apr 12 The strongest surface wind gust in the world at 231 mph, is measured on the summit of Mount Washington, New Hampshire
Apr 12 The U.S. Auto-Lite Strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers
Apr 21 The "Surgeon's Photograph", the most famous photo allegedly showing the Loch Ness Monster, is published in the Daily Mail (in 1999, it is revealed to be a hoax)
May 5 The first Three Stooges short, Woman Haters, is released
May 15 Kārlis Ulmanis establishes an authoritarian government in Latvia
May 19 Zveno and the Bulgarian Army engineer a coup d'état and install Kimon Georgiev as the new Prime Minister of Bulgaria
May 21 Oskaloosa, Iowa, becomes the first municipality in the United States to fingerprint all of its citizens
May 23 The American bank robbers Bonnie and Clyde are ambushed by police and killed in Black Lake, Louisiana
May 23 The Auto-Lite strike culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers
May 28 Near Callander, Ontario, Canada, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Oliva and Elzire Dionne; they will be the first quintuplets to survive infancy
Jun 6 New Deal: the U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Securities Act of 1933 into law, establishing the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
Jun 9 Donald Duck makes his debut in The Wise Little Hen
Jun 15 The U.S. Great Smoky Mountains National Park is founded
Jun 19 The Communications Act of 1934 establishes the United States' Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Jun 26 President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Federal Credit Union Act, which establishes credit unions
Jun 30 The Night of the Long Knives, Adolf Hitler's violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, takes place
Jul 2 The Night of the Long Knives ends with the death of Ernst Röhm
Jul 4 Leo Szilard patented the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb
Jul 5 "Bloody Thursday" – Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco
Jul 11 Engelbert Zaschka of Germany flies his large human-powered aircraft, the Zaschka Human-Power Aircraft, about 20 meters at Berlin Tempelhof Airport without assisted take off
Jul 20 1934 West Coast waterfront strike: In Seattle, Washington, police fire tear gas on and club 2,000 striking longshoremen. The governor of Oregon calls out the National Guard to break a strike on the Portland docks
Jul 20 Labor unrest in the U.S.: Police in Minneapolis fire upon striking truck drivers, during the Minneapolis Teamsters Strike of 1934, killing two and wounding sixty-seven
Jul 22 Outside Chicago's Biograph Theater, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents
Jul 25 The Nazis assassinate Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss in a failed coup attempt
Aug 2 Gleichschaltung: Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany following the death of President Paul von Hindenburg
Aug 11 The first civilian prisoners arrive at the Federal prison on Alcatraz Island
Aug 19 The creation of the position Führer is approved by the German electorate with 89.9% of the popular vote
Aug 19 The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio
Aug 22 Bill Woodfull of Australia becomes the only cricket captain to twice regain The Ashes
Sep 1 SMJK Sam Tet is founded by Father Fourgs from the St. Michael Church, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
Sep 8 Off the New Jersey coast, a fire aboard the passenger liner SS Morro Castle kills 135 people
Sep 19 Bruno Hauptmann is arrested for the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr
Sep 21 A large typhoon hits western Honshū, Japan, killing 3,036 people