1938 events in history

Jan 3 The March of Dimes is established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Jan 9 Paul of Greece marries Frederica of Hanover in Athens
Jan 14 Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica
Jan 28 The World Land Speed Record on a public road is broken by Rudolf Caracciola in the Mercedes-Benz W195 at a speed of 432.7 kilometres per hour (268.9 mph)
Feb 11 BBC Television produces the world's first ever science fiction television program, an adaptation of a section of the Karel Čapek play R.U.R., that coined the term "robot"
Feb 18 During the Nanking Massacre tha Nanking Safety Zone International Committee is renamed "Nanking International Rescue Committee" and the safety zone in place for refugees falls apart
Mar 3 Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia
Mar 3 The Mallard the fastest steam driven train on the planet, was built by LNER Doncaster Works England
Mar 12 Anschluss: German troops occupy Austria
Mar 13 World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States
Mar 18 Mexico nationalizes all foreign-owned oil properties within its borders
Mar 27 Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Taierzhuang begins, resulting several weeks later in the war's first major Chinese victory over Japan
Apr 25 U.S. Supreme Court delivers its opinion in Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins and overturns a century of federal common law
Apr 30 The first televised FA Cup Final takes place between Huddersfield Town and Preston North End
Apr 30 The animated cartoon short Porky's Hare Hunt debuts in movie theaters, introducing Happy Rabbit (a prototype of Bugs Bunny)
May 25 Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths
May 26 In the United States, the House Un-American Activities Committee begins its first session
Jun 7 Second Sino-Japanese War: The Chinese Nationalist government creates the 1938 Yellow River flood to halt Japanese forces. 500,000 to 900,000 civilians are killed
Jun 7 The Douglas DC-4E makes its first test flight
Jun 11 Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Wuhan starts
Jun 23 The Civil Aeronautics Act is signed into law, forming the Civil Aeronautics Authority in the United States
Jun 24 Pieces of a meteor, estimated to have weighed 450 metric tons when it hit the Earth's atmosphere and exploded, land near Chicora, Pennsylvania
Jun 25 Dr. Douglas Hyde is inaugurated as the first President of Ireland
Jul 3 World speed record for a steam railway locomotive is set in England, by the Mallard, which reaches a speed of 125.88 miles per hour (202.58 km/h)
Jul 3 United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield
Jul 10 Howard Hughes sets a new record by completing a 91-hour airplane flight around the world
Jul 17 Douglas Corrigan takes off from Brooklyn to fly the "wrong way" to Ireland and becomes known as "Wrong Way" Corrigan
Jul 20 The United States Department of Justice files suit in New York, New York against the motion picture industry charging violations of the Sherman Antitrust Act in regards to the studio system. The case would eventually result in a break-up of the industry in 1948
Jul 24 First ascent of the Eiger north face
Jul 28 Hawaii Clipper disappears between Guam and Manila as the first loss of an airliner in trans-Pacific China Clipper service
Jul 31 Bulgaria signs a non-aggression pact with Greece and other states of Balkan Antanti (Turkey, Romania, Yugoslavia)
Jul 31 Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius the Great in Persepolis
Aug 7 The Holocaust: The building of Mauthausen concentration camp begins
Aug 18 The Thousand Islands Bridge, connecting New York, United States with Ontario, Canada over the Saint Lawrence River, is dedicated by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Aug 20 Lou Gehrig hits his 23rd career grand slam, a record that stood for 75 years until it was broken by Alex Rodriguez
Aug 23 English cricketer Len Hutton sets a world record for the highest individual Test innings of 364, during a Test match against Australia
Sep 5 Chile: A group of youths affiliated with the fascist National Socialist Movement of Chile are assassinated in the Seguro Obrero massacre
Sep 12 Adolf Hitler demands autonomy and self-determination for the Germans of the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia
Sep 21 The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people
Sep 23 Mobilization of the Czechoslovak army in response to the Munich Crisis
Sep 27 Ocean liner Queen Elizabeth launched in Glasgow
Sep 29 Munich Agreement: Germany is given permission from France, Italy, and Great Britain to seize the territory of Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia. The meeting takes place in Munich, and leaders from neither the Soviet Union nor Czechoslovakia attend
Sep 30 At 2:00 am, Britain, France, Germany and Italy sign the Munich Agreement, allowing Germany to occupy the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia
Sep 30 The League of Nations unanimously outlaws "intentional bombings of civilian populations"
Oct 1 Germany annexes the Sudetenland
Oct 5 In Nazi Germany Jews' passports were invalidated, and those who needed a passport for emigration purposes were given one marked with the letter J (Jude – Jew)
Oct 10 The Munich Agreement cedes the Sudetenland to Nazi Germany
Oct 14 The first flight of the Curtiss Aircraft Company's P-40 Warhawk fighter plane
Oct 25 The Archbishop of Dubuque, Francis J. L. Beckman, denounces swing music as "a degenerated musical system… turned loose to gnaw away at the moral fiber of young people", warning that it leads down a "primrose path to hell". His warning is widely ignored
Oct 30 Orson Welles broadcasts his radio play of H. G. Wells's The War of the Worlds, causing anxiety in some of the audience in the United States