1939 in history

1939 events chronologically

Jan 1 Sydney, Australia, swelters in 45 ˚C (113 ˚F) heat, a record for the city
Jan 13 The Black Friday bush fires burn 20,000 square kilometers of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people
Jan 16 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) begins a bombing and sabotage campaign in England
Jan 24 The deadliest earthquake in Chilean history strikes Chillán, killing approximately 28,000 people
Jan 26 Spanish Civil War – Catalonia Offensive: Troops loyal to nationalist General Francisco Franco and aided by Italy take Barcelona
Jan 27 First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning
Feb 5 Generalísimo Francisco Franco becomes the 68th "Caudillo de España", or Leader of Spain

Top 7 most famous people born in 1939

Apr 7 Francis Ford Coppola an American film director, producer and screenwriter. He was part of the New Hollywood wave of filmmaking
Apr 13 Seamus Heaney an Irish poet, playwright, translator and lecturer, and the recipient of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Literature. In the early 1960s, he became a lecturer in Belfast after attending university there and began to publish poetry. He lived in Sandymount, Dublin, from 1972 until his death
May 25 Ian McKellen an English actor. He is the recipient of six Laurence Olivier Awards, a Tony Award, a Golden Globe Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, a BIF Award, two Saturn Awards, four Drama Desk Awards and two Critics' Choice Awards. He has also received two Academy Award nominations, four BAFTA nominations and five Emmy Award nominations. McKellen's work spans genres ranging from Shakespearean and modern theatre to popular fantasy and science fiction. His notable film roles include Gandalf in The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit trilogies and Magneto in the X-Men films
Jul 17 Ali Khamenei the second and current Supreme Leader of Iran and a Shia Cleric. Ali Khamenei succeeded Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the Iranian Revolution, after Khomeini's death, being elected as the new Supreme Leader by the Assembly of Experts on 4 June 1989. He had also served as the President of Iran from 1981 to 1989. In 2012, Forbes selected him 21st in the list of The World's Most Powerful People
Jul 26 John Howard the 25th Prime Minister of Australia, from 11 March 1996 to 3 December 2007. He is the second-longest serving Australian Prime Minister, after Sir Robert Menzies
Oct 18 Lee Harvey Oswald was, according to five U.S. government investigations, the sniper who assassinated John Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, in Dallas, Texas, on November 22, 1963.
Nov 26 Tina Turner a singer, dancer, actress, and author, whose career has spanned more than half a century, earning her widespread recognition and numerous awards. Born and raised in the American South, she is now a Swiss citizen

Top 7 most famous people died in 1939

Jan 28 W. B. Yeats an Irish poet and one of the foremost figures of 20th century literature. A pillar of both the Irish and British literary establishments, in his later years he served as an Irish Senator for two terms. Yeats was a driving force behind the Irish Literary Revival and, along with Lady Gregory, Edward Martyn, and others, founded the Abbey Theatre, where he served as its chief during its early years. In 1923 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature as the first Irishman so honoured for what the Nobel Committee described as "inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation." Yeats is generally considered one of the few writers who completed their greatest works after being awarded the Nobel Prize; such works include The Tower and The Winding Stair and Other Poems. Yeats was a very good friend of American expatriate poet and Bollingen Prize laureate Ezra Pound. Yeats wrote the introduction for Rabindranath Tagore's Gitanjali, which was published by the India Society
Feb 4 Edward Sapir widely considered to be one of the most important figures in the early development of the discipline of linguistics.
Feb 10 Pope Pius XI born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti , reigned from 6 February 1922 to his death in 1939. He was the first sovereign of Vatican City from its creation as an independent state on 11 February 1929. He took as his papal motto, "Pax Christi in Regno Christi," translated "The Peace of Christ in the Kingdom of Christ."
Mar 2 Howard Carter an English archaeologist and Egyptologist who became world famous after discovering the intact tomb of 14th-century BC pharaoh Tutankhamun in November 1922.
Jul 14 Alphonse Mucha a Czech Art Nouveau painter and decorative artist, known best for his distinct style. He produced many paintings, illustrations, advertisements, postcards, and designs
Sep 23 Sigmund Freud an Austrian neurologist, now known as the father of psychoanalysis.
Dec 3 Princess Louise Duchess of Argyll the sixth child and fourth daughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.