Died in 1939

Jan 1 Georgy Chulkov a Russian Symbolist poet, editor, writer and critic. In 1906 he created and popularized the theory of Mystical Anarchism
Jan 2 Roman Dmowski a Polish politician, statesman, and co-founder and chief ideologue of the right-wing National Democracy political movement. He saw the aggressive Germanization of Polish territories controlled by the German Empire as the major threat to Polish culture and therefore advocated a degree of accommodation with another power that had partitioned Poland, the Russian Empire. He favored the re-establishment of Polish independence by nonviolent means, and supported policies favorable to the Polish middle class. During World War I, in Paris, through his Polish National Committee he was a prominent spokesman, to the Allies, for Polish aspirations. He was a principal figure instrumental in the postwar restoration of Poland's independent existence
Jan 6 Gustavs Zemgals a Latvian politician and the second President of Latvia.
Jan 8 Frank Stoker an Irish tennis and rugby union player. He is the only rugby international to have won Wimbledon
Jan 8 Charles Eastman a Native American physician, writer, national lecturer, and reformer. In the early 20th century, he was "one of the most prolific authors and speakers on Sioux ethnohistory and American Indian affairs."
Jan 9 Julius Bittner an Austrian composer.
Jan 9 Nienke van Hichtum a well-known Frisian Dutch children's author. From 1888 to 1904, she was married to famous politician Pieter Jelles Troelstra
Jan 10 Robert Farnan (rower) an American rower who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 11 Eugen Ingebretsen a Norwegian gymnast who competed in the 1906 Summer Olympics, in the 1908 Summer Olympics, and in the 1912 Summer Olympics.
Jan 12 Hugo Jahnke a Swedish gymnast who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
Jan 14 Prince Valdemar of Denmark a member of the Danish Royal Family, the youngest son of Christian IX of Denmark and his wife Louise of Hesse-Kassel. Valdemar was the younger brother of Frederik VIII of Denmark, Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom, George I of Greece, Empress Maria Feodorovna of Russia, and Crown Princess Thyra of Hanover
Jan 15 Kullervo Manner a Finnish journalist and politician, and later a Soviet politician. He was a member of the Finnish parliament, serving as its Speaker in 1917. He was also chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Finland between 1917–1918. During the Finnish Civil War, he led the Finnish People's Delegation, a leftist alternative to the established Finnish government. After the war, he escaped to the Soviet Union, where he co-founded the Finnish Communist Party
Jan 16 William O'Connor (fencer) an American fencer who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics. He won the silver medal in the singlestick competition
Jan 18 Cliff Heathcote a center fielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Louis Cardinals, , Chicago Cubs , Cincinnati Reds and Philadelphia Phillies. Heathcote batted and threw left-handed. He was born in Glen Rock, Pennsylvania
Jan 18 Ivan Mosjoukine a Russian silent film actor.
Jan 19 Vladimir Shchuko a Russian architect, member of the Saint Petersburg school of Russian neoclassical revival notable for his giant order apartment buildings "rejecting all trace of the moderne". After the Russian Revolution of 1917 Shchuko gradually embraced modernist ideas, developing his own version of modernized neoclassicism together with his partner Vladimir Gelfreikh. Shchuko and Gelfreikh succeeded through the prewar period of Stalinist architecture with high-profile projects like the Lenin Library, Moscow Metro stations and co-authored the unrealized Palace of Soviets. Shchuko was also a prolific stage designer, author of 43 drama and opera stage sets
Jan 22 Léopold Bernhard Bernstamm a Russian sculptor active in France and Russia. He was one of the official sculptor of the musée Grévin
Jan 22 Peder Østlund a Norwegian speed skater.
Jan 23 Matthias Sindelar an Austrian footballer.
Jan 24 Maximilian Bircher-Benner a Swiss physician and a pioneer nutritionist who created muesli.
Jan 24 Alexander Kanoldt a German magic realist painter and one of the artists of the New Objectivity.
Jan 25 Alexander Lukomsky a Russian military commander, General Staff, Lieutenant-General. He fought for the Imperial Russian Army during the First World War and was one of the organizers of Volunteer army during the Russian Civil War. Lukomsky graduated from Nikolayev Engineering Institute as a military engineer, now Military engineering-technical university
Jan 25 Charles Davidson Dunbar an orphan who grew up to become the first pipe major in Britain and the Empire to be commissioned as a pipe officer. He emigrated from Scotland to Canada, where he came to be called “Canada’s greatest military piper”
Jan 28 W. B. Yeats an Irish poet and one of the foremost figures of 20th century literature. A pillar of both the Irish and British literary establishments, in his later years he served as an Irish Senator for two terms. Yeats was a driving force behind the Irish Literary Revival and, along with Lady Gregory, Edward Martyn, and others, founded the Abbey Theatre, where he served as its chief during its early years. In 1923 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature as the first Irishman so honoured for what the Nobel Committee described as "inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation." Yeats is generally considered one of the few writers who completed their greatest works after being awarded the Nobel Prize; such works include The Tower and The Winding Stair and Other Poems. Yeats was a very good friend of American expatriate poet and Bollingen Prize laureate Ezra Pound. Yeats wrote the introduction for Rabindranath Tagore's Gitanjali, which was published by the India Society
Feb 2 Bernhard Gregory a Baltic German chess master.
Feb 2 Amanda McKittrick Ros an Irish writer. She published her first novel Irene Iddesleigh at her own expense in 1897. She wrote poetry and a number of novels. Her works were not read widely, and her eccentric, over-written, "purple" circumlocutory writing is alleged by some critics to be some of the worst prose and poetry ever written
Feb 2 Vladimir Shukhov a Russian engineer-polymath, scientist and architect renowned for his pioneering works on new methods of analysis for structural engineering that led to breakthroughs in industrial design of world's first hyperboloid structures, diagrid shell structures, tensile structures, gridshell structures, oil reservoirs, pipelines, boilers, ships and barges. He is also the inventor of the first cracking method
Feb 4 Edward Sapir widely considered to be one of the most important figures in the early development of the discipline of linguistics.
Feb 4 Henri Deterding one of the first executives of the Royal Dutch Petroleum Company and for 36 years its chairman and the chairman of the combined Royal Dutch/Shell oil company. He came to power after the early death of the Royal Dutch's original leader, Jean Baptiste August Kessler. He made it to the runner up against John Rockefeller's Standard Oil and it is still one of the world's largest petroleum companies. He was made an honorary KBE in 1920, ostensibly for service to Anglo-Dutch relations, but mainly for his work supplying Allies with petroleum during World War I
Feb 7 Boris Grigoriev a Russian painter and graphic artist.
Feb 9 Herschel Evans an American tenor saxophonist who worked in the Count Basie Orchestra. He had also worked with Lionel Hampton and Buck Clayton. He is also known for starting his cousin Joe McQueen's interest in the saxophone
Feb 10 Pope Pius XI born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti , reigned from 6 February 1922 to his death in 1939. He was the first sovereign of Vatican City from its creation as an independent state on 11 February 1929. He took as his papal motto, "Pax Christi in Regno Christi," translated "The Peace of Christ in the Kingdom of Christ."
Feb 11 Franz Schmidt an Austrian composer, cellist and pianist.
Feb 12 S. P. L. Sørensen a Danish chemist, famous for the introduction of the concept of pH, a scale for measuring acidity and basicity. He was born in Havrebjerg, Denmark
Feb 15 Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin an important Russian and Soviet painter and writer.
Feb 15 Henri Jaspar a Belgian Catholic Party politician.
Feb 17 Willy Hess (violinist) a German violinist and violin teacher.
Feb 22 Alexander Yegorov (military) a Soviet military leader during the Russian Civil War, when he commanded the Red Army's Southern Front and played an important part in defeating the White forces in Ukraine. In 1920 Yegorov was one of the Red Army commanders during the Polish-Soviet War. In this campaign he was a close colleague of Stalin and of Semyon Budyonny
Feb 22 Antonio Machado a Spanish poet and one of the leading figures of the Spanish literary movement known as the Generation of '98.
Feb 23 Pyotr Smirnov a Soviet Commissar, Deputy Minister of Defence and Commander of the Soviet Navy.
Feb 23 Nikolai Mikhailovich Knipovich a Soviet ichthyologist, marine zoologist and oceanographer, notable as the founder of fisheries research in the Russian North.
Feb 24 Tadeusz Puszczyński a Polish military intelligence officer who commanded the Polish General Staff's Destruction Group during the Third Silesian Uprising.
Feb 25 Vasily Danilewsky a Ukrainian-born Russian physician, physiologist and parasitologist. He was professor of physiology at University of Kharkiv and then at Kharkiv Medical Institute. He helped to establish the Danilevsky Institute of Endocrine Pathology Problems which he directed until his death
Feb 25 Konstantin Gey an early Russian communist party member and a participant in the Russian Revolution of 1917. A member of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party since 1916, Gey was instrumental in securing Soviet control in the city of Pskov
Feb 26 Vlas Chubar a Ukrainian Bolshevik revolutionary and a Soviet politician and one of the organizers of the 1932-33 famine in Ukraine.
Feb 26 Pavel Postyshev a Soviet politician. He is considered to be one of the principal architects of the man-made famine of 1932–33, or Holodomor
Feb 26 Stanislav Kosior one of three Kosior brothers, Polish-born Soviet politicians. He was General Secretary of the Ukrainian Communist Party, deputy prime minister of the USSR and member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He is considered one of the principal architects of the Ukrainian famine of 1932 to 1933, known as the Holodomor in Ukraine. He was executed during the Great Purge
Feb 26 Levon Mirzoyan the Secretary of the Communist Party of the Azeri SSR from January 21, 1926 to August 5, 1929 and the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR from December 5, 1936 to May 3, 1938. He was executed during the Great Purge
Feb 27 Nadezhda Krupskaya a Russian Bolshevik revolutionary and politician , and the wife of Vladimir Lenin from 1898 until his death in 1924.
Feb 28 Saken Seyfullin a pioneer of modern Kazakh literature, poet and writer, and national activist. Founder and first head of the Union of Writers of Kazakhstan, he was the author of controversial literature calling for greater independence of Kazakhs from Soviet and Russian power. He met repression and was executed in 1939. The Soviet government posthumously rehabilitated him during de-Stalinization