1939 events in history

Jan 1 Sydney, Australia, swelters in 45 ˚C (113 ˚F) heat, a record for the city
Jan 13 The Black Friday bush fires burn 20,000 square kilometers of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people
Jan 16 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) begins a bombing and sabotage campaign in England
Jan 24 The deadliest earthquake in Chilean history strikes Chillán, killing approximately 28,000 people
Jan 26 Spanish Civil War – Catalonia Offensive: Troops loyal to nationalist General Francisco Franco and aided by Italy take Barcelona
Jan 27 First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning
Feb 5 Generalísimo Francisco Franco becomes the 68th "Caudillo de España", or Leader of Spain
Feb 10 Spanish Civil War: The Nationalists conclude their conquest of Catalonia and seal the border with France
Feb 11 A Lockheed P-38 Lightning flies from California to New York in 7 hours 2 minutes
Feb 27 United States labor law: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that sit-down strikes violate property owners' rights and are therefore illegal
Feb 28 The erroneous word "dord" is discovered in the Webster's New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation
Mar 1 A Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump explodes at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94
Mar 2 Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli is elected Pope and takes the name Pius XII
Mar 3 In Mumbai, Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest at the autocratic rule in India
Mar 14 Slovakia declares independence under German pressure
Mar 15 World War II: German troops occupy the remaining part of Bohemia and Moravia; Czechoslovakia ceases to exist
Mar 15 Carpatho-Ukraine declares itself an independent republic, but is annexed by Hungary the next day
Mar 16 Marriage of Princess Fawzia of Egypt to Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran
Mar 16 From Prague Castle, Hitler proclaims Bohemia and Moravia a German protectorate
Mar 17 Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanchang between the Kuomintang and Japan begins
Mar 22 World War II: Germany takes Memel from Lithuania
Mar 23 The Hungarian air force attacks the headquarters of Slovak air force in the city of Spišská Nová Ves, kills 13 people and began the Slovak–Hungarian War
Mar 26 Spanish Civil War: Nationalists begin their final offensive of the war
Mar 28 Spanish Civil War: Generalissimo Francisco Franco conquers Madrid after a three-year siege
Mar 30 Detective Comics #27 is released, introducing Batman
Mar 30 The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets a world airspeed record of 463 mph (745km/h)
Apr 1 Spanish Civil War: Generalísimo Francisco Franco of the Spanish State announces the end of the Spanish Civil War, when the last of the Republican forces surrender
Apr 4 Faisal II becomes King of Iraq
Apr 7 World War II: Italy invades Albania
Apr 9 Marian Anderson sings at the Lincoln Memorial, after being denied the right to sing at the Daughters of the American Revolution's Constitution Hall
Apr 14 The Grapes of Wrath, by American author John Steinbeck is first published by the Viking Press
Apr 20 Adolf Hitler's 50th birthday is celebrated as a national holiday in Nazi Germany
Apr 20 Billie Holiday records the first civil rights song "Strange Fruit"
Apr 30 NBC inaugurates its regularly scheduled television service in New York City, broadcasting President Franklin D. Roosevelt's N.Y. World's Fair opening day ceremonial address
Apr 30 The 1939-40 New York World's Fair opens
May 3 The All India Forward Bloc is formed by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
May 13 The first commercial FM radio station in the United States is launched in Bloomfield, Connecticut. The station later becomes WDRC-FM
May 14 Lina Medina becomes the youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five
May 17 The Columbia Lions and the Princeton Tigers play in the United States' first televised sporting event, a collegiate baseball game in New York City
May 21 The Canadian National War Memorial is unveiled by King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in Ottawa
May 22 World War II: Germany and Italy sign the Pact of Steel
May 23 The U.S. Navy submarine USS Squalus sinks off the coast of New Hampshire during a test dive, causing the death of 24 sailors and two civilian technicians. The remaining 32 sailors and one civilian naval architect are rescued the following day
May 29 The Albanian fascist leader Tefik Mborja is appointed as member of the Italian Chamber of Fasces and Corporations
Jun 1 First flight of the German Focke-Wulf Fw 190 fighter-bomber airplane
Jun 4 Holocaust: The MS St. Louis, a ship carrying 963 Jewish refugees, is denied permission to land in Florida, in the United States, after already being turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, more than 200 of its passengers later die in Nazi concentration camps
Jun 6 Judge Joseph Force Crater, known as the "Missingest Man in New York", is declared legally dead
Jun 12 The Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, New York
Jun 12 Shooting begins on Paramount Pictures' Dr. Cyclops, the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor
Jun 17 Last public guillotining in France: Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, is guillotined in Versailles outside the Saint-Pierre prison
Jun 24 Siam is renamed Thailand by Plaek Pibulsonggram, the country's third prime minister