Died in 1941

Jan 1 József Konkolics a Hungarian Slovene writer and cantor, partner of Miklós Kovács. Both authors wrote a prekmurian hymnal, which did not survive
Jan 2 Štefan Banič a Slovak inventor who devised a military parachute, the first parachute ever deployed in actual use.
Jan 2 Mischa Levitzki a Russian-born American concert pianist.
Jan 2 Josef Strzygowski a Polish-Austrian art historian known for his theories promoting influences from the art of the Near East on European art, for example that of Early Christian Armenian architecture on the early Medieval architecture of Europe, outlined in his book, Die Baukunst der Armenier und Europa. He is considered a member of the Vienna School of Art History
Jan 3 Eugène Boch a Belgian painter, born in Saint-Vaast, La Louvière, Hainaut, and the younger brother of Anna Boch, a founding member of Les XX.
Jan 4 Henri Bergson a major French philosopher, influential especially in the first half of the 20th century. Bergson convinced many thinkers that the processes of immediate experience and intuition are more significant than abstract rationalism and science for understanding reality
Jan 4 Philipp Johann Heinrich Fauth a German selenographer. Born in Bad Dürkheim, he worked as a schoolteacher. His interest in astronomy was sparked when his father showed him Coggia's comet. As an amateur astronomer, he studied the formations on the Moon with great intensity and meticulousness. He compiled an extensive atlas of the moon between 1884 and 1940. His Unser Mond was published in Bremen in 1936
Jan 5 Amy Johnson a pioneering English aviator. Flying solo or with her husband, Jim Mollison, Johnson set numerous long-distance records during the 1930s. Johnson flew in the Second World War as a part of the Air Transport Auxiliary where she died during a ferry flight
Jan 6 Charley O'Leary a Major League Baseball shortstop who played eleven seasons with the Detroit Tigers , Louis Cardinals , and Louis Browns.
Jan 7 Charles Finger a British author.
Jan 8 Viktor Dankl von Krasnik a highly decorated career Austro-Hungarian officer who reached the pinnacle of his service during World War I with promotion to the rare rank of Colonel General. His successful career met an abrupt end in 1916 due to both his performance on the Italian front and health issues. After the war he would be a vocal apologist for both his country's war record and the dethroned Habsburg monarchy
Jan 8 Robert Baden-Powell 1st Baron Baden-Powell a lieutenant-general in the British Army, writer, founder of the Scout Movement and first Chief Scout of The Boy Scouts Association.
Jan 9 Dimitrios Golemis a Greek athlete. He competed at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens
Jan 10 Joe Penner an American 1930s-era vaudeville, radio and film comedian. He was an ethnic Hungarian born as József Pintér in Nagybecskerek, Austria-Hungary. He passed through Ellis Island as a child when his family emigrated to New York City
Jan 10 Frank Bridge an English composer, violist and conductor.
Jan 10 Lenah Higbee a pioneering Canadian-born United States Navy chief nurse, who served as Superintendent of the U.S. Navy Nurse Corps during World War I, best known for being the first female recipient of the Navy Cross
Jan 10 Issai Schur a mathematician who worked in Germany for most of his life. He studied at Berlin. He obtained his doctorate in 1901, became lecturer in 1903 and, after a stay at Bonn, professor in 1919
Jan 10 John Lavery an Irish painter best known for his portraits.
Jan 11 Emanuel Lasker a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years. In his prime Lasker was one of the most dominant champions, and he is still generally regarded as one of the strongest players ever
Jan 13 James Joyce an Irish novelist and poet, considered to be one of the most influential writers in the modernist avant-garde of the early 20th century.
Jan 15 Hugo Botstiber an Austrian Jewish musicologist, who studied under Robert Fuchs and Guido Adler. He was the secretary general of the Wiener Konzerthaus. In 1938, he left Nazi Austria
Jan 16 Alexander Sipiagin a politician, a priest of the Catholic Church and a member of Russian apostolate.
Jan 18 Berthold Hatschek an Austrian zoologist remembered for embryological and morphological studies of invertebrates.
Jan 20 John Bissinger an American gymnast and track and field athlete who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 22 František Křižík a Czech inventor, electrical engineer, and entrepreneur. Křižík was born into a poor family in Plánice, located at the time within the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In spite of this, Křižík managed in 1866 to study engineering at the Technical University of Prague ČVUT. In 1878 Křižík invented a device to protect against collision between trains. His first experiments in Plzeň resulted in invention of the automatic electric arc lamp, the so-called "Plzen Lamp" , for which he successfully defended his patent against Werner Siemens claim to have created it first. The restored and fully functional patented arc lamp with automated electrode adjustment can be viewed at the Museum of Pilsen. In 1884 Křižík set up his own company building tramway lines, street cars, power stations, and electric equipment. A Prague subway station was named after František Křižík – Křižíkova
Jan 23 Dobri Hristov one of the major Bulgarian composers of the 20th century. He wrote mainly choral music, as well as some church music and music for the orchestra
Jan 23 Franjo Hanaman a Croatian inventor, engineer, and chemist, who gained world recognition for inventing the world's first applied electric light-bulb with a metal filament with his assistant Alexander Just, independently of his contemporaries. They were granted the Hungarian Patent #34541 on December 13, 1904 on Budapest. His invention of tungsten filament was also applied in improving early diodes and triodes
Jan 29 Ioannis Metaxas a Greek general and dictator, serving as Prime Minister of Greece from 1936 until his death in 1941. He governed constitutionally for the first four months of his tenure, and thereafter as the strongman of the 4th of August Regime
Jan 29 Franz Gürtner a German Minister of Justice in Adolf Hitler's cabinet, responsible for coordinating jurisprudence in the Third Reich. Detesting the cruel ways of the Gestapo and SA in dealing with prisoners of war, he protested unsuccessfully to Hitler, nevertheless staying on in the cabinet, hoping to reform the establishment from within. Instead, he found himself providing official sanction and legal grounds for a series of criminal actions under the Hitler administration
Jan 29 Sergey Spigelglas acting head of the Soviet foreign intelligence service, then part of the NKVD, from February to June 1938.
Jan 29 Matt McGrath a member of the Irish American Athletic Club, the New York Athletic Club, and the New York City Police Department. At the time of his death at age 65, he attained the rank of Inspector, and during his career received the NYPD's Medal of Valor twice. He competed for the U.S. team in the Olympics in 1908, 1912, 1920 and 1924. In his prime, he was known as "one of the world's greatest weight throwers."
Jan 30 Heinrich von Zügel a German painter who specialized in pictures of farm and domestic animals, often posed with a human in a dramatic or humorous situation.
Jan 31 Verner Järvinen a Finnish athlete, who competed mostly in the throwing events. A gold medalist in the Greek-style discus from the 1906 Intercalated Games, he went on to win a bronze in the same event at the 1908 Summer Olympics
Jan 31 Valerian Gaprindashvili a Georgian poet and translator whose early, Symbolist, poetry was of much influence on development of Georgian metaphor and verse.
Feb 1 William Gibbs McAdoo an American lawyer and political leader, who served as U.S. Senator from California, Secretary of the Treasury and director of the United States Railroad Administration. By virtue of his position as Secretary of the Treasury, in August 1914, he served as an "ex-officio member" on the first Federal Reserve Board in Washington, He was a leading contender for his party's presidential nomination in 1920 and 1924
Feb 2 Johannes Schlaf a German playwright, author, and translator and an important exponent of Naturalism. As a translator he was important for exposing the German-speaking world to the works of Walt Whitman, Émile Verhaeren and Émile Zola and is known as a founder of the "Whitman Cult" in Germany. His literary achievements lie foremost in the scenic-dialogue innovations of "sequential naturalism" and in the formalization of literary impressionism. He also contributed to the emergence of the "intimate theater."
Feb 2 Ramchandra Shukla regarded as the first codifier of the history of Hindi literature in a scientific system by using wide, empirical research with scant resources and published 'Hindi Sahitya Ka Itihaas'.
Feb 4 Margaret Mann a Scottish-American actress. She starred in a number of major films such as Black Beauty in 1921 and played the lead role in the 1928 film Four Sons one of John Wayne's first films. She also portrayed the kindly grandmother in two Our Gang comedies in 1931
Feb 4 Louis Lincoln Emmerson a Republican and the twenty-ninth governor of Illinois. He was born in Albion, Illinois on December 27, 1863. After completing his education in the Albion public school system, Emmerson moved to Mount Vernon, Illinois in 1883, and established a career in the mercantile business. He also was influential in the organization of the Mount Vernon Third National Bank, which occurred in 1901. Emmerson entered politics in 1912, as an unsuccessful candidate for state treasurer. However, four years later, he was victorious in his election for secretary of state, an office he held for twelve years. Emmerson won the 1928 Republican gubernatorial nomination by a margin of 63% to 37% over the incumbent governor, the corrupt Len Small, and was sworn into the governorship on January 14, 1929. During his tenure, he faced mounting difficulties resulting from the Great Depression. Taxpayers were granted some relief when legislation was adopted that eased penalties on overdue taxes and allowed for the issuance of emergency bonds. Also, a motor fuel-tax was instituted and used for improvements in the highway system, the first unemployment commission was initiated, and federal grants were sanctioned for the completion of the Lakes-to-the-Gulf Waterway. Emmerson did not seek reelection and left office on January 9, 1933, retiring from politics. Governor Louis Emmerson died on February 4, 1941, and was buried at the Oakwood Cemetery in Vernon, Illinois
Feb 4 David Emmanuel (mathematician) a Romanian Jewish mathematician and member of the Romanian Academy, considered to be the founder of the modern mathematics school in Romania.
Feb 4 George Lloyd 1st Baron Lloyd a British Conservative politician strongly associated with the "Diehard" wing of the party.
Feb 5 Otto Strandman an Estonian politician, who served as Prime Minister and State Elder of Estonia. He was one of the leaders of the centre-left Estonian Labour Party, that saw its biggest support after the 1919 and 1920 elections. Strandman was a key figure in composing the radical land reform law and the 1920 Constitution. He also served as Minister of Agriculture , Minister of Justice , Minister of Finance , Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of War. While he was in the office of Minister of Finance, he stabilized the economy and managed to avoid hyperinflation. Strandman was also the speaker of both the Estonian Provincial Assembly and Riigikogu. He was a diplomat, serving as an envoy in Warsaw , when he made contacts with Polish politicians, and in Paris. During the Soviet Occupation in 1941, Strandman was ordered to show up to the NKVD headquarters. Already knowing about his fate, he committed suicide in his home in Kadrina
Feb 5 Banjo Paterson an Australian bush poet, journalist, author, and Georgist activist. He wrote many ballads and poems about Australian life, focusing particularly on the rural and outback areas, including the district around Binalong, New South Wales, where he spent much of his childhood. Paterson's more notable poems include "Waltzing Matilda", "The Man from Snowy River" and "Clancy of the Overflow"
Feb 6 Maximilien Luce a prolific French Neo-impressionist artist, known for his paintings, illustrations, engravings, and graphic art, and also for his anarchist activism. Starting as an engraver, he then concentrated on painting, first as an Impressionist, then as a Pointillist, and finally returning to Impressionism
Feb 10 Walter Krivitsky a Soviet intelligence officer who revealed plans of signing Nazi-Soviet non-aggression pact before defecting weeks before the outbreak of World War II.
Feb 11 Arcady Aris a Chuvash writer and literature critic. He became a member of the USSR Union of Writers in 1934
Feb 11 Rudolf Hilferding an Austrian-born Marxist economist, leading socialist theorist, politician and chief theoretician for the Social Democratic Party of Germany during the Weimar Republic, almost universally recognized as the SPD's foremost theoretician of his century, and a physician.
Feb 13 Blind Boy Fuller an American blues guitarist and vocalist. He was one of the most popular of the recorded Piedmont blues artists with rural Black Americans, a group that also included Blind Blake, Josh White, and Buddy Moss
Feb 14 Andreas Stadler an Austrian weightlifter who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics and in the 1928 Summer Olympics.
Feb 14 Infanta Maria das Neves of Portugal the eldest child and daughter of exiled Miguel of Portugal and his wife Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg.