Died in 1942

Jan 1 Jaroslav Ježek (composer) a Czech composer, pianist and conductor, author of jazz, classical, incidental and film music.
Jan 3 Pinhas Rutenberg a Russian-born Zionist, businessman, and Jewish Nationalist in Mandatory Palestine. He played an active role in two Russian revolutions, in 1905 and 1917. During World War I, he was among the founders of the Jewish Legion and of the American Jewish Congress. Later, through his connections in Palestine, he managed to obtain a concession for production and distribution of electric power and founded the Palestine Electric Company, currently the Israel Electric Corporation. A vocal and committed Jewish Nationalist, Rutenberg also participated in establishing the Haganah, the main Jewish militia in pre-war Palestine, and founded Palestine Airways. He subsequently served as a President of the Jewish National Council
Jan 4 Leon Jessel a German composer of operettas and light classical music pieces. Today he is best known internationally as the composer of the popular jaunty march "The Parade of the Tin Soldiers," also known as "The Parade of the Wooden Soldiers." Jessel was a prolific composer who wrote hundreds of light orchestral pieces, piano pieces, songs, waltzes, mazurkas, marches, choruses, and other salon music. He achieved considerable acclaim with a number of his operettas — in particular Schwarzwaldmädel , which remains popular to this day
Jan 4 Jordan Nikolov Orce a communist and partisan from Macedonia. His life and work are connected with the organizing and firming of the syndicalist movement in Macedonia. Under his leadership in Macedonia, the first protests were undertaken, and the workers succeed for the first time to conclude collective contracts with the employers
Jan 4 Mel Sheppard an American athlete, member of the Irish American Athletic Club and winner of four gold medals at the 1908 Summer Olympics and 1912 Summer Olympics. Along with Henry Taylor of the United Kingdom, he was the most successful athlete at the 1908 Olympics
Jan 4 Togolok Moldo a Kyrgyz poet, Manaschi and folk song writer. Born in Ak-Talaa district, Naryn province. Togolok Moldo by his audiences – "togolok" means round-faced, "moldo" means an educated person. He is buried near the village of about 3,000 persons named for him in Ak-Talaa district
Jan 5 Clarence Gagnon a Canadian painter from the province of Quebec.
Jan 5 Tina Modotti an Italian photographer, model, actress, and revolutionary political activist.
Jan 5 Wilhelm Teudt a German cleric and völkisch lay archaeologist who believed in an ancient, highly developed Germanic civilization. His 1929 work Germanische Heiligtümer was rejected by experts even at the time of publication, but continues to have some influence in esoteric and neopagan circles in Germany
Jan 6 Emma Calvé a French operatic soprano.
Jan 6 Alexander Belyayev a Soviet Russian writer of science fiction. His works from the 1920s and 1930s made him a highly regarded figure in Russian science fiction. Belyaev's best known books include Professor Dowell's Head, Amphibian Man, Ariel, and The Air Seller
Jan 6 Henri de Baillet-Latour a Belgian aristocrat and the third president of the International Olympic Committee.
Jan 7 Alfred Asikainen a Finnish wrestler who competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics, winning the bronze medal.
Jan 8 Joseph Franklin Rutherford the second president of the incorporated Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania. He played a primary role in the organization and doctrinal development of Jehovah's Witnesses, which emerged from the Bible Student movement established by Charles Taze Russell
Jan 8 Konstantin Voskoboinik a Soviet Nazi collaborator. From November 1941 till 8 January 1942 former local technical school teacher Voskoboynik was appointed by Germans as a starosta of the “Lokot volost”. During a partisan attack headed by Alexander Saburov on January 8, 1942 Voskoboinik was mortally wounded and was replaced on his post by Bronislav Kaminski
Jan 9 Heber Doust Curtis an American astronomer. He participated in 11 expeditions for the study of solar eclipses
Jan 9 Jerzy Różycki a Polish mathematician and cryptologist who worked at breaking German Enigma-machine ciphers before and during World War II.
Jan 12 Vladimir Petlyakov a Soviet aeronautical engineer.
Jan 13 André Matsoua a Congolese Lari religious figure and politician born in Manzakala-Kinkala in then Middle Congo, a rare influential figure in Congolese politics before independence in 1960. He inspired a messianic cult, Matsouanism, that emerged in the French Equatorial African capital, Brazzaville. However, he had more influence after his death than during his life
Jan 13 Vladimir Ignatowski a Russian physicist.
Jan 14 Porfirio Barba-Jacob a Colombian poet and writer.
Jan 16 Prince Arthur Duke of Connaught and Strathearn a member of the British Royal Family who served as the Governor General of Canada, the 10th since Canadian Confederation.
Jan 16 Carole Lombard an American film actress. She was particularly noted for her zany, energetic roles in the screwball comedies of the 1930s. She was the highest-paid star in Hollywood in the late 1930s
Jan 16 Ernst Scheller a German Nazi Hauptmann and politician.
Jan 16 Villem Grünthal-Ridala an Estonian poet, translator, linguist and folklorist.
Jan 17 Walther von Reichenau a German Generalfeldmarschall during World War He issued the notorious Severity Order concerning fighting on the eastern front, which made him a war criminal. He was in charge of forces which helped to commit the massacre of Jews at Babi Yar
Jan 19 Sven Aarrestad a writer, politician and leader in the Norwegian temperance movement during the 19th century.
Jan 21 Vladimir Andreevich Tranzschel a Russian botanist, mycologist and plant pathologist, especially an expert on rust fungi.
Jan 22 Xiao Hong a Chinese writer. Her real name was Zhang Naiying ; she also used the pen name Qiao Yin
Jan 22 Racho Petrov a leading Bulgarian general and politician.
Jan 22 Oleg Losev a Russian scientist and inventor, who made significant discoveries in the field of semiconductor junctions.
Jan 22 Walter Sickert a painter and printmaker who was a member of the Camden Town Group in London. He was an important influence on distinctively British styles of avant-garde art in the 20th century
Jan 23 Prince Ludwig Gaston of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha a prince of the house of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. He was the fourth son of the German Prince Ludwig August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Leopoldina of Brazil
Jan 25 Ahatanhel Krymsky an Ukrainian Orientalist, linguist and polyglot , literary scholar, folklorist, writer, and translator. He was one of the founders of the All-Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in 1918 and a full member of it and of the Shevchenko Scientific Society from 1903
Jan 26 Felix Hausdorff considered to be one of the founders of modern topology and who contributed significantly to set theory, descriptive set theory, measure theory, function theory, and functional analysis.
Jan 27 Nicholas Adontz an Armenian historian, specialist of Byzantine and Armenian studies, and philologist. Adontz was the author of the Armenia in the Period of Justinian, a highly influential work and landmark study on the social and political structures of early Medieval Armenia
Jan 28 Edward Siegler an American gymnast and track and field athlete who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
Jan 31 Rolf Wenkhaus most likely recalled for his role of Emil Tischbein in the 1931 film Emil and the Detectives.
Jan 31 Henry Larkin played Major League Baseball for 10 seasons.
Feb 2 Daniil Kharms an early Soviet-era surrealist and absurdist poet, writer and dramatist. He came to be known for his children's literature
Feb 2 Ado Birk an Estonian politician who was the Estonian Prime Minister for three days, from 28 July 1920 to 30 July 1920.
Feb 2 Hugh D. McIntosh an Australian show-business entrepreneur born to parents of Scottish and Irish origin and modest means in Sydney's Surry Hills, then a ramshackle suburb with a reputation for crime and vice among the largely Irish immigrant population. His policeman father Hugh Fraser McIntosh died when he was four
Feb 6 Nikolai Tseretelli a Soviet stage and silent film actor of Uzbek origin.
Feb 7 Ivan Bilibin a 20th-century illustrator and stage designer who took part in the Mir iskusstva and contributed to the Ballets Russes. Throughout his career, he was inspired by Slavic folklore
Feb 7 Dorando Pietri an Italian athlete. He finished first in the marathon at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London but was subsequently disqualified
Feb 8 Fritz Todt a German engineer and senior Nazi figure, the founder of Organisation Todt. He died in a plane crash during World War II
Feb 9 Lauri Kristian Relander the second President of Finland. A prominent member of the Agrarian League, he served as a member of Parliament, and as Speaker, before his election as President
Feb 10 Demetrios Petrokokkinos a Greek tennis player. He competed at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens
Feb 11 Jamnalal Bajaj an Indian industrialist, a philanthropist, and Indian independence fighter. He was also a close associate and follower of Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi is known to have adopted him as his son. He founded the Bajaj Group of companies in 1926. The group now has 24 companies, including 6 listed companies. Besides Bajaj Auto Ltd, the other major companies in the group include Mukand Ltd, Bajaj Electricals Ltd and Bajaj Hindusthan Ltd. One of his grandsons, Rahul Bajaj, runs the family flagship company, Bajaj Auto. Several institutions in India bears his name, including the Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies. A locality, JB Nagar,in the sub-urban Andheri in Mumbai has been named after him. Jamnalal Bajaj Award was established in 1978 by the Jamnalal Bajaj Foundation are given away each year on his birth anniversary
Feb 11 Ugo Pasquale Mifsud the third and fifth Prime Minister of Malta. He held office from 1924 to 1927 and from 1932 to 1933. He was a member of the Nationalist Party and the Maltese Italian community