1942 events in history

Jan 1 The Declaration by United Nations is signed by twenty-six nations
Jan 2 The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) convicts 33 members of a German spy ring headed by Fritz Joubert Duquesne in the largest espionage case in United States history—the Duquesne Spy Ring
Jan 2 World War II: Manila, Philippines is captured by Japanese forces
Jan 7 World War II: The siege of the Bataan Peninsula begins
Jan 11 World War II: The Japanese capture Kuala Lumpur
Jan 12 World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt creates the National War Labor Board
Jan 13 World War II: First use of an aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter
Jan 13 Henry Ford patents a plastic automobile, which is 30% lighter than a regular car
Jan 16 Crash of TWA Flight 3, killing all 22 aboard, including film star Carole Lombard
Jan 19 World War II: Japanese forces invade Burma
Jan 20 World War II: At the Wannsee Conference held in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee, senior Nazi German officials discuss the implementation of the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question"
Jan 23 World War II: The Battle of Rabaul begins, the first fighting of the New Guinea campaign
Jan 24 World War II: The Allies bombard Bangkok, leading Thailand, then under Japanese control, to declare war against the United States and United Kingdom
Jan 25 World War II: Thailand declares war on the United States and United Kingdom
Jan 26 World War II: The first United States forces arrive in Europe landing in Northern Ireland
Jan 30 World War II: Japanese forces invade the island of Ambon in the Dutch East Indies
Jan 31 World War II: Allied forces are defeated by the Japanese at the Battle of Malaya and retreat to the island of Singapore
Feb 1 World War II: Josef Terboven, Reichskommissar of German-occupied Norway, appoints Vidkun Quisling the Minister President of the National Government
Feb 1 Voice of America, the official external radio and television service of the United States government, begins broadcasting with programs aimed at areas controlled by the Axis powers
Feb 1 World War II: U.S. Navy conducts Marshalls-Gilberts raids, the first offensive action by the United States against Japanese forces in the Pacific Theater
Feb 6 World War II: The United Kingdom declares war on Thailand
Feb 8 World War II: Japan invades Singapore
Feb 9 Year-round Daylight saving time is re-instated in the United States as a wartime measure to help conserve energy resources
Feb 9 World War II: Top United States military leaders hold their first formal meeting to discuss American military strategy in the war
Feb 10 The first gold record is presented to Glenn Miller for "Chattanooga Choo Choo"
Feb 11 World War II: The Battle of Bukit Timah is fought in Singapore
Feb 14 Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore
Feb 15 World War II: Fall of Singapore. Following an assault by Japanese forces, the British General Arthur Percival surrenders. About 80,000 Indian, United Kingdom and Australian soldiers become prisoners of war, the largest surrender of British-led military personnel in history
Feb 18 World War II: The Imperial Japanese Army begins the systematic extermination of perceived hostile elements among the Chinese in Singapore
Feb 19 World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the executive order 9066, allowing the United States military to relocate Japanese-Americans to internment camps
Feb 19 World War II: Nearly 250 Japanese warplanes attack the northern Australian city of Darwin killing 243 people
Feb 20 Lieutenant Edward O'Hare becomes America's first World War II flying ace
Feb 22 World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as the Japanese victory becomes inevitable
Feb 23 World War II: Japanese submarines fire artillery shells at the California coastline near Santa Barbara
Feb 24 An order-in-council passed under the Defence of Canada Regulations of the War Measures Act gives the Canadian federal government the power to intern all "persons of Japanese racial origin"
Feb 24 The Battle of Los Angeles, one of the largest documented UFO sightings in history; the event lasted into the early hours of February 25
Feb 27 World War II: During the Battle of the Java Sea, an Allied strike force is defeated by a Japanese task force in the Java Sea in the Dutch East Indies
Feb 28 The heavy cruiser USS Houston is sunk in the Battle of Sunda Strait with 693 crew members killed, along with HMAS Perth which lost 375 men
Mar 3 World War II: Ten Japanese warplanes raid the town of Broome, Western Australia, killing more than 100 people
Mar 8 World War II: Dutch forces surrender to Japanese forces on Java
Mar 11 World War II: General Douglas MacArthur flees Corregidor
Mar 14 Orvan Hess and John Bumstead became the first in the United States successfully to treat a patient, Anne Miller, using penicillin
Mar 16 The first V-2 rocket test launch. It exploded at lift-off
Mar 17 Holocaust: The first Jews from the Lvov Ghetto are gassed at the Belzec death camp in what is today eastern Poland
Mar 18 The War Relocation Authority is established in the United States to take Japanese Americans into custody
Mar 20 World War II: General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: "I came out of Bataan and I shall return"
Mar 22 World War II: In the Mediterranean Sea, the Royal Navy confronts Italy's Regia Marina in the Second Battle of Sirte
Mar 23 World War II: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands
Mar 26 World War II: The first female prisoners arrive at Auschwitz concentration camp in German-occupied Poland
Mar 28 World War II: St Nazaire Raid: In occupied France, British naval forces successfully raid the German-occupied port of St. Nazaire